Until July 28, 2019, the Museum of Invalides in Paris presents an exhibition dedicated to Picasso and the war, focus on the 1930s. Witness to all the tragic events that shook the world from the end of the 19th century to the 1970s, Picasso and his work were strongly influenced by wars, if only his most famous composition, Guernica.
An artistic journey shaped by its time
In the 1930s, Picasso took a stand against the fascisms that took hold in Europe. The Spanish Civil War, which began on July 16, 1936, personally affected the artist who worked for the Republicans. The bombing of the small Basque town of Guernica on April 26, 1937, relayed by the international press, led him to the realization of his canvas Guernica, executed to adorn the Spanish Pavilion of the International Exhibition of Arts and Techniques Applied to Modern Life in the summer of 1937.
At the same time, the Nazi regime made art an instrument of propaganda and carried out purge campaigns in German museums by confiscating the works of artists considered "degenerate", Picasso was one of them. Modern art, an artistic movement to which Picasso belongs, is gradually banned in Europe. At the same time, the artist’s works, including Guernica, were circulating and arriving in New York, on the occasion of an exhibition dedicated to him at MoMa in 1939.
Exhibition Picasso and the war, focus on the 1930s. Until July 28, 2019 at the Musée des Invalides.