Slovenia: country of culture and history

Lovers of culture and history will find their happiness in Slovenia. Do not hesitate to come and discover its towns rich in curiosities, more than a third of which are classified as historical monuments.

Ljubljana, a baroque gem

Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is a true cultural gem. It is marked by its old Baroque center at the foot of the Castle hill, its residences with Renaissance, Baroque and Art Nouveau facades, but also by its botanical garden (4,500 plant species and subspecies), the Tivoli park, the national gallery built in 1896, one of the oldest philharmonic orchestras in the world (founded in 1701), Saint Nicolas cathedral without forgetting museums, theaters and art galleries. The many masterpieces of the famous architect Jože Plečnik dating from the 20th century enrich the city with: the central market, the Triple Bridge, the Saint Francis church, the Zale cemetery, the athletics stadium but also the bridge of Paveurs as well as the National and University Library which preserve manuscripts from the Middle Ages.

Maribor, European capital of culture

Maribor European Capital of Culture 2012 and second city in the country, Maribor is animated by its many cultural events including the Lent Festival (with more than 400 artistic events) which is one of the 50 most important in Europe, and the Festival de Maribor, whose artistic director is the famous Australian conductor and violinist Richard Tognetti. During the latter, everyone will find the Slovenian cultures and traditions mixed with artistic masterpieces. Maribor will also delight all wine lovers since it has the oldest vine in the world (400 years), a cellar where more than four million liters of wine rests as well as museums and galleries where the wine tradition is put to the fore. 'honor. This city also has many places marked by history such as the main square which houses the town hall, the castle square and the liberty square from which we can observe the castle of Maribor and the regional museum, the square of Slomsek and the Place of the Jews.

Ptuj, medieval old town

Ptuj, the oldest town in Slovenia is worth a detour because of its protected medieval center but also its many cultural curiosities such as the monasteries (including in particular the Dominican monastery and its numismatic collection, a lapidary museum as well as a collection of small discoveries. archaeological), the city tower, the Saint George church, the Saint-Florian monument or the monument to Orpheus ... If you are there in February, don't miss the “Kurentovaje” carnival to admire the incredible disguises of the “ Kurent ”who are masked characters, covered with sheepskins.

Piran, architectural monument

Piran, a true monument of living architecture of past centuries, was the birthplace of the famous violinist Giuseppe Tartini, whose square of the same name has been the main square since the 13th century. Every summer, you can also participate in the Tartini Festival dedicated to the work of this famous artist. Concert evenings are then on the program. Behind the surrounding wall dating from the 7th century, you can also marvel at the old Romanesque-Gothic town hall renovated in neoclassical style (1879), or the Venetian (15th century), the oldest house in Place Tartini which illustrates well the Venetian Gothic architecture of Piran. Don't forget also the 12th century Saint George Church which is the largest of the ten churches in Piran.

Celje, princely town

Celje, a princely town, has a large cultural and historical heritage. We note first of all, its imposing architecture linked to its history with among others the old castle, the Palace of the Princes dating from the 15th century and which now houses an archaeological cellar, the Saint-Daniel church, or the one of the most beautiful buildings in the city: the “Ljudska posojilnica” popular loan fund. All these buildings bear witness to the diversity of the past and give this city all its charm. The variety of the present and the historical links can be found in the different museums: regional museum in the "Stara grofija", Herman's den (for children) or even the painting gallery and that of modern art retain traces of passed with care.

Idrija, mining town

Slovenia's mining town, Idrija, has an exceptional cultural heritage. It is first known for its second mercury mine in the world, the oldest part of which "Antonijev rov" dates from 1500; but also for its know-how in bobbin lace making. You can also find the international lace center where exhibitions and historical documentary on this practice are presented. This city is also rich in monuments: the Gewerkenegg castle dating from the 16th century and whose history is preserved in its museum, the Church of the Holy Trinity or even Lake Divje jezero, the first Slovenian museum in the middle of nature. This year Idrija has been awarded "European Destination of Excellence" and may soon be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Slovenia therefore has a rich historical past and a cultural diversity which it preserves and uses to the best of its ability. To discover.

For further

- Ljubljana and Slovenia, by Assia Rabinowitz. The Essential, 2010.

- Le Petit Futé Slovenia. 2010.

- Slovenia: Europe in miniature, by Sophie Massalovitch, Jean-Marie Boëlle. Thalia Editions, 2008.

See as well

- Official tourist portal of the Slovenian Tourist Board

Video: Slovenia: a travel documentary (October 2021).