In the ancient history question on the CAPES program for this and next year ("Rome and the West, 197 BC"), the Gauls obviously occupy a central place. The publication of this collective work with specialists in the subject is therefore a chance when preparing for the competition.
This book should be taken as a mine of particularly detailed examples, because it is the collection of interventions presented at an international conference organized by the National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (INRAP) and the Louvre Museum, on September 14 and 15 2007.
How the saplings became Roman
Directed by Pierre Ouzoulias, archaeologist and researcher at the CNRS, and Laurence Tranoy, also an archaeologist and teacher at the University of La Rochelle, the work brings together the contributions of references in the field of Roman history, and of the Gauls in particular, such as Christian Goudineau (author among others of “Dossier Vercingétorix” in 2001, or “César et la Gaule” in 2000), Michel Reddé (who wrote on Alésia and on the Roman Mediterranean), Patrick Pion (from the University of Paris X ) or even Jean-Yves Breuil (archaeologist at INRAP).
The articles proposed are above all reports of archaeological research, proposing to explain the progressive Romanization of the Gauls, while starting from the inventory before the conquest, by insisting on the complexity of Gallic civilization, far from the clichés on "an archaic and barbaric Celtic world" to which Rome would have allowed "to reach a higher degree of civilization". We know that it was archeology that made it possible to reconsider all the received ideas about Gaul (but also later on "barbarians" in general), hence the importance of these contributions.
The candidate for the competition will therefore find in this book a sum of examples on subjects as diverse as oppida (« Oppida and urbanization in Northern Gaul before the conquest: from facts to models, and from models to history ", P. Pion), the wine trade (" La circulation du vin de l 'Italie tyrrhenienne en Gaul ", F. Laubenheimer), the complex problem of Villa (“Fermes et villas en Gaule Narbonnaise”, L. Buffat), camps and military occupation in general (“The military occupation of César à Tibère”, M. Reddé), or urbanization and city / town relations campaigns (“Cities, towns, countryside: how did they evolve at the start of the Roman period?”, F. Dumasy).
In addition, he will discover very recent developments in research on these questions, which will enrich his historiographical knowledge.
Note, a possibility to listen to the interventions on the INRAP site, at this address: http://www.inrap.fr/archeologie-preventive/Ressources/Conferences-et-colloques/p-1552-Comment- les-Gaules-became-romaines.htm.How the Gauls became Roman, edited by P. OUZOULIAS and L. TRANOY, La Découverte (with the collaboration of the Louvre Museum and INRAP), Paris, 2010, 319 p.