Information

History of Grant - History


Grant

A Coast Guard name retained.

Grant was a revenue cutter built in 1870 and 1871 by Pusey & Jones Corp., Wilmington, Del. She served the Revenue,Cutter Service in both the Atlantic and Pacific preventing smuggling and protecting shipping. At the outbreak of the War with Spain, she was ordered to cooperate with the Navy 11 April 1898. Throughout the conflict, she patrolled the Pacific coast and was returned to the Treasury Department in August 1898. Grant continued to serve the Revenue Cutter Service in the Pacific until sold to A. A. Cragin of Seattle, Wash., 28 November 1908.


HistoryLink.org

Covering a total of 2,660 square miles, Grant County -- located in the Columbia Basin region of central Washington -- is the state’s fourth largest county. It was initially carved out of neighboring Douglas County in 1909. The original (and much larger) Douglas County had been created in 1883 when the Washington Territorial Legislature formed Lincoln and Spokane counties from a larger Spokane County, then separated the new Lincoln County into Lincoln and Douglas Counties only a few days later.

Prior to Washington achieving statehood in 1889, the area now known as Grant County was sparsely populated. It lay within an eco-region known as shrub-steppe, a dry grassland characterized by shrubs such as sagebrush, greasewood, and bitterbrush, and by grasses such as bluebunch wheatgrass. Indian cultures such as the Interior Salish, Wenatchi, and Okanogan were the earliest inhabitants of the region, many of whom settled along the Columbia River. The first white settlers, arriving in the mid-1800s, devoted themselves primarily to raising livestock. But as railroads began to traverse the area, new settlers arrived and changed both the complexion of the land and the local economy. Over time the influx of newcomers saw the area gradually moving away from ranching and toward traditional farming -- perhaps a natural occurrence, considering that the land was marked by plains, hills, and valleys, typically ideal for farming.

But even as small farms and orchards began to dot the landscape, Grant County land still wasn't tamed by any means. In the spring of 1906, for example, several hundred cowboys were hired to drive away the area’s wild horses, with up to 5,000 animals eventually removed from the landscape. This “roundup” captured and herded these horses into waiting railcars, which shipped the animals to buyers in the East.

The gradual transition from grazing livestock to farming wasn’t an easy one. Grant County has a semi-arid climate -- generally warm and sunny throughout the growing season but not always with enough rainfall to support farming operations without additional water resources. Early settlers to Grant County, of course, tended to situate their farms on or near available waterways, but significant portions of the land were without natural access to water or were otherwise unavailable to buyers. (Some the area’s best farmland was owned the railroads or their ownership successors, making its purchase an expensive proposition.)

Grant County residents would soon discover that unlocking the area’s agricultural potential would depend greatly on their ability to irrigate the land.

Attracting Newcomers

Once the Washington state Legislature formally created Grant County on February 24, 1909, the newly created county government (located in the city of Ephrata) began efforts to attract new citizens. For example, for the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, held in Seattle, Grant County produced a promotional pamphlet that described the area as an agricultural paradise that was home to “Thousands of Prosperous and Happy Human Families” (AYP Pamphlet, cover).

Among the pamphlet’s various selling points, Grant County was said to have few pests, excellent weather, and top-notch schools and churches. It was also quick to note that “[f]armers in Grant County make more money and make it easier than the farmers of any other section” (AYP Pamphlet, p. 3). To support that claim, the pamphlet’s authors called upon several local farmers for their own personal stories of settling in Grant County. S. H. DePue of Stratford provided one such testimonial:

If the promise of an agricultural Shangri-La wasn’t enough, another selling point for early Grant County was its access to no fewer than three major railway systems: The Great Northern Railway and the Northern Pacific Railroad, which came to the region in the late 1800s, followed by the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, which arrived soon after the turn of century. Not only did farmers enjoy excellent growing conditions, it was said, but also the convenient means to transport their crops to markets outside of Eastern Washington.

New settlers were definitely needed -- when Grant County was formally created, its population was a mere 8,700. Wilson Creek was the area’s largest town at that time, with a total population of 600 people. (In 2006, Wilson Creek’s population was around 250.) A key to Wilson Creek’s early growth had been the installation of a local irrigation system, one successful enough that residents began to contemplate erection of an accompanying electrical plant.

Ephrata, the county seat, was originally platted in 1901, but until 1909 was better known as the center of the local sheep industry. Coulee City was the oldest town in the new Grant County, founded along the banks of the Columbia River at one of the better places to cross -- thus making it a natural destination for travelers coming through the region. Soap Lake was home to a number of sanatoriums where outsiders came to relax and partake in the “curative” properties of the mineral water, while Moses Lake -- in 2006 Grant County’s largest city – could “hardly be called a town yet” in 1909 (AYP Pamphlet, p. 17). All that Moses Lake could boast was a store, a blacksmith, a post office, and a few houses. Other cities of note in the new Grant County included Quincy, Hartline, and Warden.

A Story of Water

Although the AYP pamphlet claimed that crops and orchards in Grant County could prosper without special irrigation, this wasn’t entirely true: At the time the county was formed, it had gone through several years of unusually wet weather. In reality, Grant County was far drier than most farmers would have liked, making water access a crucial factor in crop yields. (In 1879, one government official described the area in and around the Columbia Basin as “a desolation where even the most hopeful can find nothing in its future prospects to cheer” [Matthews]). And indeed, water would play a crucial role in the history of Grant County -- sparked mostly by the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project in the 1930s and 1940s.

Although grass and sagebrush were plentiful, the dry farming methods of this period were not always enough to tame the land, and certainly not enough to support large-scale farming operations. Attempts to formally irrigate Grant County began as early as 1898, although most efforts were relatively modest. Most early irrigation methods relied on gravity, pumping from nearby lakes and rivers, or through wells -- all of which were inadequate to support farming in all but a few locations.

With these small irrigation projects adding relatively little to Grant County’s agricultural prosperity, larger plans requiring significant funding were entertained. In 1914, for example, Washington voters were asked to consider a $44 million bond issue that would have created a water pumping system for 435,000 acres in an around Quincy. This measure was defeated at the polls.

Reclamation

Other ideas had more traction -- including one that would transform Grant County and surrounding areas for generations to come. What would eventually become known as the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project sprung from the minds of a group in Ephrata who regularly convened in the law offices of William M. Clapp.

In the spring of 1917 this group was discussing how local farmers could better aid America’s soldiers in World War I, when it was suggested that a dam might be constructed on the Columbia River at Grand Coulee, formed some 15,000 years before during the last ice age. With high rock walls that formed a natural retention area for water, damming the Columbia at Grand Coulee might allow for irrigation water for farms to be pumped away from the reservoir using power generated by the dam itself.

Intrigued by the notion, the Ephrata group kept their idea amongst a small group of supporters while exploring the feasibility of such an undertaking. When preliminary engineering reports suggested that the idea might be possible, the group launched a publicity campaign in support of the project. When Rufus Woods (1878-1950) of The Wenatchee Daily World first announced the plan in the pages of his paper on July 18, 1918, what would eventually become known as the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project -- which included construction of Grand Coulee Dam -- was officially born.

The task ahead for the Ephrata group -- to secure federal funding for the project -- was indeed formidable, and put them conflict with a competing reclamation scheme. The Grand Coulee project was opposed by a rival group proposing a gravity plan, which sought to dam the Pend Oreille River in Idaho and bring water to the Columbia Basin region through an extensive canal and tunnel system. These two groups started waging a war of ideas during the late 1910s and early 1920s, a period in which the need for a comprehensive reclamation project became increasingly apparent: Poor farming conditions and economic hardships during the 1920s and 1930s caused the population of Grant County to fall below 6,000. “Drought and depression had wrought a ruin as complete as usually results from war, pestilence, and famine,” noted historian C. A. Hawley (p. 8).

Toward Grand Coulee Dam

Despite a 1920 legislative study that recommended the gravity plan over the Grand Coulee plan, the Ephrata group and its supporters pushed on and eventually waged the more successful public and political campaign. A later study, in fact, supported the Grand Coulee plan in part because it could generate enough hydroelectric power to help offset the cost of irrigation canals.

In 1933 the key piece of the project, the construction of Grand Coulee Dam, was finally approved, bringing much-needed construction jobs to Depression-era Grant County. Although it would open eight years later as one of the largest man-made structures ever completed, this first approval in 1933 was for a much smaller project, which was gradually expanded during construction. When work began, in fact, there was no guarantee that irrigated water would ever reach Grant County or the surrounding communities. Until the area had been organized into irrigation districts, paying variable rates of around $85 per acre to the government, no irrigation would take place. These payments were to be made in equal annual installments over a period of 40 years, beginning 10 years after water first became available through the project.

This stipulation posed a bit of a problem. First, a state law had to be enacted to set forth the requirements for forming an irrigation district. Then, under the terms of the measure, only affected property owners would be allowed to vote on the irrigation district, and in this case many of the landowners did not physically live in central Washington. (And of those who did, many were wheat farmers or livestock ranchers who didn’t necessarily support the irrigation project.) As a result, the Columbia Basin Irrigation League was formed in order to “round up the vote” (Hawley, pp. 9-10).

Three separate irrigation districts were established, with the Quincy-Columbia Irrigation District being the first to be voted upon -- a pivotal contest that may very well have determined the fate of the remaining two. All stops were pulled out to secure passage of the irrigation district measure on February 18, 1939, including a special train provided by the Great Northern Railroad that brought in more than 300 outside landowners. The measure passed handily, 709 for and 34 against. Later elections on irrigation districts to the south and east passed easily, based on this crucial first vote.

Meanwhile, the Grand Coulee Dam project was gradually expanded and moved toward completion, with its first generator going on line in October 1941. When completed the dam contained 12 million cubic yards of concrete, stood as tall as a 46-story building, and created a 150-mile long reservoir behind it. But as impressive as Grand Coulee was, it was just centerpiece for the larger Columbia Basin Irrigation Project, which would eventually include four smaller dams and several reservoirs, lakes, and canals.

Steps Forward, Steps Backward

Grand Coulee Dam was certainly a marvel (“the eighth wonder of the world,” it was called), but its completion wasn’t all for the better. A total of 400 farms and 10 whole communities were obliterated by Grand Coulee’s rising waters, members of the Colville and Spokane Indian tribes had to be relocated, and several Native American archeological sites disappeared, seemingly forever. (White landowners, at least, were compensated for their losses, but not always to their satisfaction.)

Environmentally, Grand Coulee Dam had a tremendous impact. It was built without fish runs salmon swimming upriver to spawn were unable to cross the immense concrete barrier, and salmon populations north of the dam ceased to be. Yet there were also some long-term environmental benefits, though perhaps unintended by the original planners. A by-product of irrigation has been runoff and spillage from the canal system, which has created what is now known as the Columbia National Wildlife Refuge. With nearly 30,000 acres of newly created wetlands, ponds, and marshes, the Refuge supports a variety of waterfowl, fish, and other wildlife that normally could not thrive in the arid conditions of Eastern Washington. The Columbia Basin Reclamation Project also established several man-made lakes on top of existing waterways, providing a huge recreational resource. Grant County has eight separate state parks, many of which are destinations for campers, boaters, fishermen and fisherwomen, and hunters from throughout the state.

Delivering on the Promise

Grand Coulee Dam was completed right in time for America’s entry into World War II and played an important role in supporting the war effort in Grant County and throughout Washington state. Although overseas fighting halted work on the region’s irrigation canals, the dam itself supplied cheap power for Seattle manufacturers such as Boeing, as well as for the atomic experiments occurring farther down the Columbia River at Hanford.

With the end of hostilities, work on the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project resumed. The irrigation portion of the project was formally approved in 1943, and digging began soon after. When the first irrigated water from the project was delivered to Pasco in 1948, it ushered in a new era of Grant County history that C. A. Hawley dubbed the era of “reclamation and recovery.” (This, despite the fact that the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project would eventually irrigate only one-fifth the estimated 2.5 million acres backers at one time envisioned.)

Even so, farmers in the region have reaped benefits far exceeding the harvesting/growth predictions for the Project. And these benefits have come at a fraction of the going rate: Instead of local farmers paying one-half of the irrigation project costs, they’re actually paying around 10 percent -- a subsidy that power consumers are paying for through higher electricity rates.

The combination of newly irrigated land and cheap electrical power was a boon to Grant County and the surrounding region. In 1939, when the population of the county was slightly over 14,000, approximately 41 percent of its land was given over to farming operations (Northwest Industry). Even so, only 17 percent of the population was engaged in the farming or mining industries -- most of the available workforce (45 percent in the early 1940s) was in the construction trade, in particular on the Grand Coulee Dam project. Once the irrigation canals began delivering water to local farming communities, the complexion of Grant County changed dramatically. By the end of the 1960s, almost 20 percent of all the irrigated land in Washington state was located in Grant County, and a full 60 percent of its land was used for farming operations (“Summary of Pacific Northwest Industries”).

Food Processing Plants Arrive

The positive effects of the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project were felt as early as 1951, when The Wenatchee Daily World announced that the sugar beet yield in and around Moses Lake -- approximately 25 tons per acre – was twice the national average. And this yield was based on a mere 1,600 acres of irrigated land.

As a result, during the 1950s Grant County became Washington’s fastest growing county, based largely on continuing irrigation and the new industries it attracted. Access to producing farms, plentiful water, inexpensive land, and cheap electricity lured several food processing firms to Grant County, which had an immediate impact on the local economy. The first major firm to open was the U and I Sugar Company, which began operating its Moses Lake plant in 1953. By the mid-1970s, U and I would employ from 350-600 people during any given year, and boasted Grant County’s largest sugar-beet slicing capacity -- upwards of 11,000 tons per day.

Other firms followed U and I: Potato processing such as the Carnation and American Potato Companies in Moses Lake, as well as the Lamb-Weston outfit in Quincy. And since these plants were dependent on electrical power for their operations, the Grant County Public Utility District (PUD) -- which currently operates the Priest Rapids and Wanapum dams along the Columbia River -- also grew during this period to become a major player in Central Washington power issues.

Grant County Today

Growth in Grant County cooled during the early 1960s, as construction on area dam and irrigation projects began to slow. Then, in late 1965, the U.S. military delivered a blow to the local economy when it decided to close Larson Air Force Base in Moses Lake. Larson originally began as a temporary installation during World War II, but had hosted various units since that time.

Food processing was the mainstay of Grant County’s economy during the 1970s and 1980s. In fact, according to a February 1975 newsletter published by Seattle First National Bank, about 90 percent of Grant County’s entire manufacturing workforce was employed in local food processing plants. Farming, of course, continued to play a vital role, and parts of the area returned to its roots when ranching began to be profitable again in the late 1960s.

Today, cheap electrical power and inexpensive land continue to drive growth in Grant County. According to the Washington State Office of Financial Management, its total population in 2000 was almost 75,000, a marked increase from the 43,000 that called Grant County home in the mid-1970s. This trend is expected to continue, with Grant County projected to reach some 100,000 residents by the year 2025 (Washington State Business and Project Development website).

The County’s main industries continue to be agriculture and food processing, with its largest employers being food-processing plants such as J. R. Simplot (Moses Lake), ConAgra (Quincy), and Ochoa Foods (Warden). Local government (including the Moses Lake School District and the Grant County PUD) is the area’s second largest employer. A few construction and manufacturing companies also serve as major employers, such as Genie Industries (cranes) or Inflation Systems (airbag manufacturing), both located in Moses Lake. Overall, however, the majority of Grant County businesses are small, with fewer than 50 employees.

The area’s other economic gem has turned out to be airport at Moses Lake -- the former Larson Air Force Base, which was transformed for civilian use in 1966. As of 2006, the Grant County International Airport covers almost 4,700 acres of land and has five separate runways (including one so large it serves as an alternate landing site for the NASA Space Shuttle). In addition to freight and cargo services, the airport is widely known as a training facility for commercial and military pilots, including those of The Boeing Company, Japan Airlines, and the U.S. military.

The State of Washington
Washington State Department of Archeology and Historic Preservation

Blue Lake, near Coulee City, 1950s

Grant County, Washington

Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture

Basalt bluffs along Route 243, Grant County between Vantage and the Hanford Reservation, October 2003

HistoryLink.org Photo by Priscilla Long

Dry Falls, Columbia River, 1940s

Blue Lake, near Coulee City, 1930s

Deluxe Hotel and Wild Life Cafe, Grand Coulee, 1940s

Grant County Courthouse (George Keith, 1918), Ephrata, 1940s

Moses Lake, 1960s

Entrance to Larson Air Force Base, Moses Lake, 1963

Grant County International Airport, Moses Lake, n.d.

Courtesy Port of Moses Lake

Downtown Ephrata, 1940s

Ephrata, 1950s

Aerial view of Ephrata, 1960s

Power lines, Grant County on Route 243 between Vantage and the Hanford Reservation, October 2003


Grant History

Middle-grade youth living on the East Side will develop their abilities so they can recognize and achieve their greatest potential and make the successful transition to adulthood.

Environment:

Increase public access to parks and open space on the greater East Side of St. Paul.

Youth Development Through Employment Training:

Middle-grade and high school youth living on the East Side will develop their abilities so they can recognize and achieve their greatest potential and make the successful transition to adulthood.

Family & Neighborhood Development:

Increase economic vitality and stability of youth and low-income families.


The History Of William Grant & Sons

William Grant & Sons are one of the most famous companies in the Scotch whisky business, having remained in the family for its entire history. They also own some of the biggest brands in the industry. The history of this company is fascinating. Read on to find out how William Grant & Sons turnover more than £900 million per year.

You can visit the William Grant & Sons website here.

Key Facts

  • William Grant & Sons has been family-owned since its creation and has been run by five generations of the same family.
  • The Gordon family are the richest in Scotland, with their net worth exceeding £2.8 billion.
  • Glenfiddich was the best selling single malt Scotch whisky in the world until 2014 when competition came in the form of The Glenlivet.
  • William Grant & Sons own a 30% stake in the 1887 company. The other 70% is owned by The Edrington Group.
  • William Grant & Sons are the largest employers in Dufftown, the birthplace of William Grant.

History

William Grant was born in Dufftown in 1839 and worked as a shoemaker in his youth before becoming a bookkeeper at Mortlach distillery where he worked for 20 years. During this time he married and had nine children. After this, he decided that he wanted to open his own distillery. One year after leaving Mortlach, in 1887, he and his family built Glenfiddich distillery. The first distillation happened on Christmas day in 1887. Business boomed, and soon Grant was able to build a second distillery, Balvenie, five years later, and a third, Convalmore, two years after that. These distilleries are situated right next to each other.

1899 saw William Grant’s first blends introduced to the market. His son-in-law, Charles Gordon, and his son. John, spent some time travelling to secure new markets for the whisky. John secured markets in the west by closing a deal with a Canadian company. Charles Gordon travelled to the Far East and Australia in 1909.

Charles Gordon died in 1929 and the business was taken over by William Grant Gordon until his premature death in 1953 at the age of 53. Then, the company was handed to his two sons, Charles and Alexander.

By this time, William Grant & Sons had a signature blend called Grant’s Stand Fast. This blend was popular and well-established. For a long time, WM Grant & Sons had been relying on Cambus and Caledonian – owned by DCL – to supply grain whisky for their blends WM Grant & Sons had a plentiful supply of malt whisky but did not have a grain distillery of their own. However, when WM Grant & Sons decided to market their whisky on television, the conservative DCL disapproved and announced that they would no longer supply grain whisky to WM Grant & Sons unless they pulled out of TV advertising. Charles and Alexander were unhappy at the prospect of not having control over their production and wanted to go ahead with TV advertising. And so, in 1963, Charles Gordon oversaw the construction of Girvan grain distillery. Upon completion, the distillery served as a reminder that WM Grant & Sons production was now entirely in their hands.

Meanwhile, Alexander Gordon had been focusing on marketing their new ‘straight malt’ – the term ‘single malt’ did not yet exist. Until this point, single malts had been used to make blends due to blended whisky being extremely popular in the sixties. However, Alexander Gordon decided that he wanted to release a single malt expression. The whisky was 5-years-old and was bottled in the same style as the popular blends. People’s interests started to pique, and in 1963 Alexander started to promote Glenfiddich Straight Malt on a global scale, and began using Glenfiddich’s iconic green bottle. As Glenfiddich was the first brand to market single malt on such a scale, they had a head start. Soon, other brands began following suit. None was a match for Glenfiddich, and it remains one of the biggest selling single malt Scotch whiskies in the world, rivalled by Glenlivet, with whom they have taken turns sharing the top spot since 2014.

In 1990 William Grant & Sons built Kininvie and Dufftown, and in 2007 they built Alisa Bay on the site of Girvan. Girvan also serves as the place of production for Hendrick’s Gin as of 1999.

In 2005, William Grant & Sons released Monkey Shoulder: a blend of Glenfiddich, Balvenie, and Kininvie single malts.

In 2010, the company decided to capitalise on the popularity of Irish whiskey by buying the Tullamore Dew brand. Tullamore Dew used to be produced at Midleton but is now produced at Clonminch, an exclusive Tullamore Dew distillery.

In 2014, William Grant & Sons bought Drambuie, a popular liqueur brand.

As of today, William Grant & Sons is still family-owned, and is now run by Glenn Gordon – the great-great-grandson of William Grant.

In 2019’s Sunday Times Rich List, the Gordon family were named as the richest family in Scotland with their net worth estimated at £2.882 billion at the time.

William Grant & Sons Owned Brands and Distilleries

  • Glenfiddich
  • The Balvenie
  • Kininvie
  • Grant’s
  • Monkey Shoulder
  • Aerstone
  • Clan MacGregor
  • House of Hazelwood
  • The Gordon Highlanders
  • Tullamore Dew
  • Hendrick’s
  • Reyka vodka
  • Sailor Jerry
  • Old Vatted Demerara
  • Woods Old Navy
  • Vat 19
  • Gibson’s Finest
  • Taboo
  • Montelobos
  • Milagro
  • Drambuie
  • Solerno
  • Ancho Reyes
  • Ancho Reyes Verde
  • Three Barrels
  • The Raynal

William Grant & Sons has joined the army of companies and distilleries pledging to make hand sanitiser to help communities cope with the ongoing Covid-19 crisis.

In 2020, William Grant & Sons exited their deal with Campari Deutschland, their exclusive German distributor. From next year Grant’s whisky will be distributed by a new company William Grant & Sons Deutschland.


Contents

The property was at one time owned by Ulysses S. Grant and prior to that, by the Dent family. It is now owned by the Busch family, who owned the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company for many years until it was sold to InBev in 2008. Grant's Farm has been an animal reserve for many years and is open to the public for free however, there is a parking fee of $15 per vehicle. This fee helps to maintain the farm. The farm is home to such animals as buffalo, elephants, camels, kangaroos, donkeys, goats, peacocks, the iconic Budweiser Clydesdales and many more. Most of these animals can be seen by visitors on a tram tour of the deer park region of the park, while the Clydesdales are found in their nearby barn and pastures. The farm also contains a cabin called "Hardscrabble," which was built by Ulysses S. Grant in 1856 on another part of the property and later relocated to Grant's Farm. It is the only remaining structure that was hand-built by a U.S. president prior to assuming office. [1]

Also on the farm is the Busch family mansion, and a house in which Ulysses S. Grant resided between the Mexican and Civil Wars—White Haven. This had been his wife, Julia Grant's, family home. Colonel Frederick Dent, Julia's father, gave 80 acres of the farm to the couple as a wedding present on what today is Rock Hill Road. Grant built his cabin on this land. [2] Colonel Dent was a farmer in St. Louis County. He owned 925 acres along Gravois Creek, 10 miles southwest of the city, and owned slaves to farm the land. Five miles from the Dent farm was Jefferson Barracks, where Ulysses S. Grant was assigned in 1843, after attending West Point and rooming with Julia Dent's brother. [2] Grant's cabin was featured at the 1904 World's Fair. White Haven, next door to Grant's Farm, the Busch family estate, is now a national historic site: the Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site. [2]

In November 2015, the St. Louis Zoo agreed to purchase Grant's Farm from six heirs of the beer baron, August A. "Gussie" Busch Jr. for about $30 million. The deal requires a city judge to back four of the Busch heirs to release the land from a trust. Area residents would also have to approve $8.5 million in added taxes to support yearly park operational costs. The deal would triple the land holdings of the zoo and allow the zoo to build a breeding facility for its endangered animals. The Busch family would remain owners of the family mansion for the time being. A-B InBev leases the land from the Busch family and has operated Grant's Farm since it bought Anheuser-Busch. A-B InBev agreed to donate about $27 million to the zoo to buy the Farm. One Busch heir, Billy Busch, made a competing offer and wants to keep the Farm in the family. Billy Busch owns William K. Busch Brewing Co. and wants to expand his brewery on the land. [3] In March 2016, the St. Louis Zoo Association withdrew its offer to buy Grant's Farm, citing the family's disagreement as one of the reasons. [4] In April 2016, the family dispute continued as Billy Busch outbid his siblings offer by $1. His bid would be $26,000,001 along with $8 million to purchase the family mansion. [5] In December of 2017, 5 family members agreed to purchase Grants Farm. They are Andrew Busch, Peter Busch, Robert Hermann Jr, Trudy Valentine, and Beatrice von Gontard. Their hope is to keep it free and open to the public along with their operating partner AB Inbev, for generations to come.


History of Grant - History

Grant Parish Louisiana

Grant Parish, with an area of 700 square miles, was established March 4, 1869, during the reconstruction period, while Henry Clay Warmouth was governor, and was named in honor of Ulysses S. Grant, then president of the United States. The southern part of Winn and the northern part of Rapides were taken to form the parish of Grant, which is bounded on the north by Winn parish on the east by Little river, which separates it from Catahoula parish on the south by Rapides parish, and the Rigolet de Bon Dieu and the Red river form its western boundary separating it from Rapides and Natchitoches parishes. After the organization of the parish Colfax was made the seat of parochial government. During the first half of the 19th century great plantations were started in what is now Grant parish. Meredith Calhoun owned 1,000 slaves and lands with a river frontage of 7 miles. Other planters with large holdings were the Baldwins, opposite Cotile Landing, the Gillards, Layssards and Thomas and Peter Hickman. The war changed all this, leaving no slaves to cultivate the land, and for years many hundreds of acres were uncultivated. In the past few years, the forests that have grown up since the war, have been cut off to make way for the return of the great cotton field. In 1873, during the reconstruction period, bands of predatory negroes rode through the parish, threatening murder and outrage and firing into houses. (See Kellogg's Administration.)

Red river and its tributary streams water the entire western part of the parish Little river the eastern portion, the Big Tatt and other small streams the central and southern portions. The formation of Grant is alluvial Red river bottoms, rolling prairie and long leaf pine hills. Originally all these hills were covered with a heavy growth of pine, oak, gum, cottonwood, willow, elm, etc., and though thousands of feet of lumber have been cut, great areas of pine still remain to yield their wealth to the lumberman. Since 1900 many families from the north and east, and a colony of thrifty Germans and Italians have bought land in the parish and started truck farms, the products of which are shipped to Alexandria, Shreveport, New Orleans and northern cities. Cotton still remains the principal crop, though many of the great plantations have been cut up into farms where corn, hay, oats and peas are raised. Fruits adapted to this region do remarkably well, but are not cultivated to any extent as a commercial enterprise. The central prairie and rolling uplands furnish excellent pasturage, and for the past 25 years stock raising has been an important industry. Small deposits of gold and silver have been found in the parish. There are beds of green sand, marl, quarries of marble and limestone, deposits of kaolin, iron and gypsum, all of which will be a source of wealth when opened. Shipping and transportation facilities are excellent, furnished by boats on the Red river, the Louisiana Railway & Navigation company, whose line traverses the western part of the parish, the Louisiana & Arkansas R. R., which runs north and south through the center of the parish, and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern R. R.. in the eastern and northern parts of the parish. A direct outlet is thus furnished for the products of the parish to St. Louis and New Orleans. The following statistics are taken from the U. S. census for 1910: number of farms, 1,468 acreage, 122,602 acres improved, 44,271 value of land and improvements exclusive of farm buildings, $1,533,961 value of farm buildings, $435,860 value of live stock, $434,818 total value of all crops, $641,491. The population was 15,958. ["Louisiana, Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, Events, Institutions and Persons. ", vol. 1, Edited by Alcee Fortier, 1914]


History of Grant - History

Clan/Family Histories
- Grant

There are some claims that the Grants were descended from King Alpin, the father of Kenneth Macalpin the first king of Scotland (or at least those parts occupied by the Picts and Scots). Other sources suggest that the name derives from the French "Le Grand" meaning of great stature as it was used originally in Normandy. Lord Strathspey, the clan chief, supports the view that the clan has Viking origins, based on recent research. The family motto at that time was "Tenons ferme" which eventually evolved into the well known clan war cry "Stand Fast Craigellachie" (from a hill near Aviemore where a fire was lit to rally the clan to fight).

A Nottinghamshire land-owner named Le Grand obtained land in Strathspey in the 13th century, founding the powerful clan which spread over Strathspey and the Grampian mountains into Aberdeenshire. The Grants supported Robert the Bruce in the 14th century and John and Randolph de Grant were captured at the Battle of Dunbar in 1296.

The first authenticated chief of the Highland clan was Sir Ian Grant who was Sheriff of Inverness in 1434. In 1493 the Grant lands became the barony of Freuchie and Sir James Grant built a castle there in 1536. Originally called Castle Freuchie it was renamed Castle Grant at the end of the 17th century.

Like most clans, the Grants had occasional feuds with their neighbours and they joined the Campbells against the Gordons of Huntly in 1594. The Grants were loyal to the crown in the Civil War in the mid-17th century and joined the Marquis of Montrose on his campaign after the Battle of Inverlochy. Grants also gave shelter to the MacGregors during the persecution of that clan as there had been a long history of alliance between the two. Later, the Laird of Grant supported William and Mary and their government and did not get involved in the Jacobite Uprisings of 1715 and 1745 although the Grants of Glenmoriston and others in the clan supported the Stewarts. In 1766 Sir James Grant established Grantown-on-Spey, building mills and factories there.

In the 19th century the 27th chief of Clan Grant had a serious dispute with his brothers and the estates were split up, the Seafield Earldom was lost to the chief of the clan but the line continued with the title Lord Strathspey of Strathspey.

The Grant motto is "Craig Elachie" - "The rock of alarm".

The Gilroy, MacGilroy, Pratt and Suttie families are regarded as septs (sub-branches) of Grant.

There is a Clan Grant Web sites here .


History

Grant Regional Health Center, formerly known as Lancaster Memorial Hospital, opened its doors on Sept. 19, 1955, but plans for development started 10 years earlier. In 1945 a small group of citizens began considering the possibility of a new hospital. It wasn't until 1952, when Lancaster became eligible for government grants, that a new group, under the chairmanship of Albert Weber, started planning again.

In 1953 Mrs. Sumpter "Lulu" Williams provided the bulk of her estate ($81,585) to assist in the construction of a municipal hospital. Thirteen communities surrounding Lancaster voted to tax themselves $80,000 to be used to help build the hospital. In addition, more than $25,000 was given in unsolicited private donations. The 36-bed hospital was built at a total cost of more than $600,000. The cooperation of generous citizens of the city of Lancaster and the surrounding communities made this possible.

The hospital's history has been a story of continual progress to keep pace with the constantly changing field of healthcare. In 1956 there were 17 physicians on the hospital staff. The hospital had 24 full-time employees and 10 part-time employees. Services included a business office, x-ray, anesthesia, surgery, obstetrics, maintenance, dietary services and laundry. In 1962 a new wing was opened because of overcrowding, and the hospital became a 56-bed institution.

In 1973 another major expansion project took place—the building of a new south wing for administration. New departments and services, such as physical therapy and social services, were added. In 1975 the three-bed intensive care unit, complete with cardiac monitors, went into operation. Later that year the hospital emergency services expanded from one room to three rooms. In 1979 a number of patient rooms were taken out of service, reducing the number of beds to 50. Patient space was again decreased in 1981 to accommodate additional services. In January 1985 the patient-bed capacity was reduced again to 35.

A hospice suite was built in 1993, thanks to a large contribution from the hospital Auxiliary. In September that same year, Grant Regional Health Center acquired the Fennimore Clinic, located approximately 12 miles north, and in June 1995 the health center opened the Potosi-Tennyson Medical Clinic, located approximately 11 miles south. In 1994 new construction was added to the hospital to provide space for occupational health and sports medicine programs.

In 1999 Grant Regional Health Center completed a $5.9 million construction and equipment project. With that expansion, the hospital made a significant commitment to the community to meet existing and future needs for healthcare services. The project included expansion of the outpatient, emergency and surgery departments, allowing for greater capabilities and improved services. As a major component in the effort to provide greater convenience, Grant Community Clinic relocated to the Madison Street level of the new campus. The project also included a central entry location and improved patient and visitor circulation throughout the facility.

The hospital changed status when it applied to be designated as a critical access hospital. The change in status allows the hospital more flexibility with many federal rules and regulations. In addition, the hospital is now eligible for a higher level of payment from Medicare. Patients will receive the same services and high-quality care with this new status. The majority of changes affected internal operations.

Today Grant Regional Health Center provides a wide array of healthcare services and continually strives to stay current with the latest trends appropriate for our service area.

When you visit Grant Regional you might notice some structural changes but perhaps it's Grant Regional's spirit of care that one might notice the most. There are subtle elements and gestures everywhere throughout the hospital—all very intentional and added to enhance the patient or visitor's experience. Grant Regional began working with The Disney Institute since 2002, and continues work in improvement teams to provide exceptional customer service. Our culture has evolved to take into consideration how we can make every aspect of our patients' experience the very best we can.

In Fall 2013, Grant Regional acquired the Dean Clinic in Lancaster (renamed Grant Regional Community Clinic). The clinic continues to accept a wider variety of insurance plans and has exceeded our expectations in patient volumes in this first year. We have hired additional providers and will continue to expand our medical staff in response to increased patient visits.

Grant Regional continued to grow through added physicians, expanded services and a focus on innovation. 2016 was highlighted by strong dedication to quality patient care, service line expansion, successful recruitment of providers, and continued commitment to Lancaster and our surrounding communities.

Our journey to expand

For approximately 20 years, Grant Regional Health Center has worked diligently to grow and expand to better serve Lancaster and the surrounding communities. We have changed from a small hospital in need of updating to the strong, progressive organization we are today. With the acquisition of the clinic in 2013 and the addition of new surgeons - we are at a point of growth once again. In 1995, the hospital separated from the City of Lancaster and entered into a lease arrangement with the City. Grant Regional Health Center then became its own corporation. We've determined the current lease agreement limits our future growth.

We've outgrown our current footprint and have explored options to gain the space needed. A 60 year-old building has challenges and limitations to operating efficiently and being able to offer state-of-the-art care. We value our independence and our goal is to maintain our current organizational structure in the future. We feel it is important to stay neutral in order to offer a wide variety of insurance options for our patients.

Our strength and independence will only offer new opportunities to work with other organizations, enhance the services we are able to offer and recruit new providers to our region – and ultimately allow us to continue to grow. 2015 was the right time to move forward to invest in ourselves: our people, processes, technology and facilities to assure the ability to offer thriving healthcare services well into the future. The City of Lancaster and Grant Regional agreed to a mutually beneficial agreement to terminate the lease and the hospital in turn purchased it land and assets from the city and is now a completely independent organization from the city.

Further discussions with the city continued in 2015 and led to a city council public hearing in October to propose vacating South Monroe Street adjacent to the properties owned by the hospital. Since then GRHC has purchased two additional homes on Monroe Street which would allow street closure from the south tip of the heliport to the end of the block on the corner of Oak and Monroe. The next step was the final public hearing City Council meeting for rezoning of those new properties from residential to commercial, followed by approval of the section of Monroe street vacation. With this positive step forward, the hospital was then able to continue the master facility management planning. Administration with managers and staff involved, set out to design expanded space to include additional needed parking that remains on the hospital campus and does not interfere with our residential neighbors provide new space for our growing clinic and allow a roof top heliport for safety and patient privacy.

Grant Regional continued to grow through added physicians, expanded services and a focus on innovation. 2016 was highlighted by strong dedication to quality patient care, service line expansion, successful recruitment of providers, and continued commitment to Lancaster and our surrounding communities.

After several years of planning and preparation, the wheels were set in motion when Grant Regional officially broke ground May 11, 2017 on the first phase of a $20+ million expansion and renovation project. It included a combination of 32,000 square feet of new construction for hospital and clinic space as well as 39,000 square feet of extensive renovation of existing space. The renovations and new construction was completed in phases, with final completion projected for Fall/Winter 2018. The construction firm for the project is JH Findorff and Son of Madison with Wold A/E as the architect firm. The goal of the design includes a modern medical/surgical inpatient unit with private bathrooms new space for our growing multi-specialty clinic rooftop heliport for safety and patient privacy fixed MRI in-house expanded Emergency Department with enclosed ambulance bay and much needed parking that will remain on the hospital campus and does not interfere with our residential neighbors.

Doors officially opened to the expansion on Monday, September 10th. The hospital’s main entrance is now just south of its former main entrance. Both hospital and Grant Regional Community Clinic patients will enter through the NEW main entrance. Grant Regional Community Clinic has relocated to the new expanded space in the lower level of the expansion on the east side of the hospital. The former main entrance will become the Emergency, Walk-In Care and Surgery entrance. Specialty Clinic patients will continue to park and enter off Madison Street and use same existing lower level entrance.

Expansion highlights:

  • A modern medical/surgical inpatient unit with private bathrooms.
  • New space for our growing multi-specialty clinic.
  • Expanded space and centralized location for Outpatients and Lab.
  • State of the art Radiology department with in-house MRI.
  • Rooftop heliport for safety and patient privacy.
  • Expanded Emergency Department with enclosed ambulance garage.
  • Main Street amenities including Gift Shop and Coffee Shop.
  • History Wall to commemorate our past and Donor Wall to recognize our contributors.
  • Healing Garden that provides peaceful retreat for patients and visitors.
  • Education Center in lower level for community presentations and classes.
  • Additional on-campus parking.

A successful grand opening celebration was hosted on Sunday, October 14th with over 800 attendees from surrounding communities.

We look forward to future opportunities for growth and ways to enhance the care we offer. It is an exciting time as we strive to provide an even brighter future in healthcare for the patients we serve!


History of Grant - History

The historical origins of the federal grants-in-aid system predate the Constitution. In fact, Congress provided for grants of land under the Articles of Confederation as early as 1785. There was, however, little development in the system until the 20 th century. Certain conditions existed during the late 18 th and 19 th centuries that limited federal aid to states and localities. During the pre-Civil War era, proponents of states’ rights and minimalist national government prevailed, where states existing. During this period, the trans-Mississippi west consisted largely of federally-administered territories indeed, more than half of the trans-Mississippi west entered the Union after the Civil War. The post-Civil War era was one of corporate dominance and weak government. Despite these conditions, the federal government did provide aid to states and localities on an ad hoc basis to address natural disasters, civil disturbances, westward expansion, and the need for internal improvements.

The grants-in-aid system began to take its current form in the early 20 th century. Financial grants created during the 1910s included grant mechanisms such as matching requirements and conditions, which are now common in grant programs. In the 1930s, President Franklin Roosevelt’s Administration, prompted by the conditions of the Great Depression, worked with Congress to accelerate the development of the grants-in-aid system as part of the New Deal program of social relief, financial reform, and economic recovery. The grants-in-aid system again grew significantly during President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society initiative of the 1960s. Many of these programs were specifically focused on urban areas and disadvantaged populations.

The Nixon Administration and Congress initiated changes in the system, emphasizing block grants, as well as establishing general revenue sharing, a program that distributed funds to state and local governments without programmatic requirements. The Reagan Administration also worked with Congress on substantial change, consolidating dozens of categorical grants into broader block grants and slowing the growth of the grants-in-aid system. Since the Reagan initiatives, there have been few significant changes in the grants-in-aid system.


HISTORY

The Historic Grant Station was first built by Louis Benson around 1893 who operated the store for a few years and then sold it to Lars Jorgensen hence the name "Jorgensen's General Store". Once Jorgensen took over, he still ran the building as a general store, yet it also served as a post office, telegraph office and trading post.

In 1956, Lars Jorgensen's daughters sold the store to Mr. and Mrs. John Swiger. They continued to run the building as a general store and served the needs of Grant's residents. They named the store "The Towne & Country Shop". In March 1962, after the death of Mr. Swiger the old store stood with closed doors.

The Grant General Store

In 1995,Robert and Lisa Knoblauch restored the shop as "The Grant Grocery" And on June 25,1999, the building was added to the US National Register of Historic Places as Jorgensen's General Store. This place holds many memories for people. This place used to be a home to some people local to the Grant area.

Now Rib City, OGC and the Barn

In October 2011, Chris Pozgar purchased " The Historic Grant Station" and has done many renovations to the building. It is currently operating as the East Coast of Florida's first Rib City. The Historic Grant Station has expanded from just the building to 3 acres of land. Along with Florida's finest BBQ restaurant, Grant Station is home to Island Paddle, Old Grant Creamery and The Barn.


Watch the video: Jessicas Geschichte - Eine Reise durch Geburt und Intensivstation (December 2021).