Information

Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ever called “Wolfi” or “Wolfie” by his wife?


In the 1984 film Amadeus based on Wolfgang Mozart's life, Wolfgang is commonly referred to as "Wolfi", especially by his wife (as spelled in the scripts I could find online).

Amadeus also takes plenty of artistic liberties with the actual life of Mozart and I'm aware that using it as a source would be ill-advised. However, there is also a 1994 history edutainment game titled Mario's Time Machine that makes the claim that Constanze's nickname for Wolfgang was "Wolfie".

The game occasionally makes oddball jokes or skews the date of certain events to more easily present the information to the players, but when it comes to the history book pictured above, everything in there is supposed to be 100% factual (the underlined parts are sections where the player must write in the answers themselves, and the game only accepts them if they are correct).

I want to give the game the benefit of the doubt and believe that they didn't use Amadeus as a source, but my searches online have been bereft of information. The Wikipedia page for Mozart's name doesn't even touch on any potential nicknames of his. The closest I could find is an enotes answer that makes the claim that "the only officially recognized nickname in Mozart's immediate family (aside from his son), was his sister: Maria Anna Mozart nicknamed: Nannerl" (and I can't tell if that includes or discludes Wolfgang Mozart himself), and a blogpost specifically discussing the fictional elements of Amadeus that claims that, "Mozart was never called Wolfie. His nicknames were Wolferl, Wofl and Wolfgangerl. Likewise, his wife Constanze was not called Stanzie, but Stanchen and Stanzerl." The blogpost does have sources at the bottom, but it unfortunately doesn't specify which source is applicable for which section. While "Wolferl" and "Wolfgangerl" do appear in the "Early Journeys" section of Letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (selected and edited by Hans Mersmann), the other nicknames bring up no results through Google Books, so I'm not entirely comfortable taking the blog post's word as gospel.

I'm not expecting a letter from Mozart saying, "By the way, nobody has ever called me Wolfi and anyone who says that my nickname is Wolfi is lying," but for a "fact" that seemingly originates from a loose-with-the-facts film yet was included in a history game intended to educate its players, I've found it difficult to definitively conclude, one way or the other, whether Wolfgang's nickname was ever "Wolfie" in his lifetime.


The obvious place to look would be in the letters from Constanze to her husband. Unfortunately, as far as I am aware, none of these survive.

The letters of Mozart and his family were collected (and translated) by Emily Anderson. These were published in 3 volumes in the 1930's.

I was able to find the first and third volumes on Archive.org. As far as I could see there is no use of "Wolfi" or "Wolfie" as a pet name for Mozart in any of the letters.

The second volume is on Google Books. A search inside the book didn't identify any occurrence of "Wolfi" or "Wolfie".

It looks like it may well be the case that they used the film as a source in this instance.


Mozart's childhood name was “Wolferl”, a south German and Austrian diminutive of “Wolfgang”. “Wolfie” is merely an attempt to translate this into English.

http://wwwg.uni-klu.ac.at/kultdoku/kataloge/31/html/2461.htm


Wolfie and Nannerl: Happy Sons and Daughters Day

Musical fathers and mothers often produce musical sons and daughters. This week we gathered our favorite pieces produced by musical progeny in celebration of Sons and Daughters Day. Browse the playlist below of our favorite musical offspring.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Piano Concerto No. 21 in C, K. 467: II. Andante Mozart is the ne plus ultra of musical child prodigies, but as it turns out, he may have been as good as he was thanks to a little sibling rivalry. Mozart had an older sister named Maria Anna (or the nickname Nannerl), who was also a gifted harpsichordist. Her father Leopold even called her “one of the most skillful players in all of Europe.” The precociousness of the Mozart children convinced Leopold to take their act on the road. They embarked on several Grand Tours, performing concerts in courts throughout Europe, including Vienna, Mannheim, Munich, Paris, Brussels, London, Zurich, The Hague, Verona, Florence, Rome, and Milan. Societal pressures forced Nannerl Mozart into early retirement, while her older brother pursued a musical career. But the two children remained close until Mozart was married, with Wolfgang sending copies of his piano concertos to his sister.

Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757) Sonata in E-flat, K. 193 While his father Alessandro was closely associated with Neopolitan opera, the younger Scarlatti made his biggest mark with keyboard music, producing several hundreds of sonatas. His keyboard sonatas are almost instantly recognizable for their distinctive style, infused with the influence of the Iberian Peninsula (that’s Portugal and Spain). He often wrote in the Phrygian mode, and used tonal inflections that were previously unheard in most European art music. Scarlatti spent most of his life as the musical instructor to several members of the royalty of Portugal and Spain. He was greatly impressed with the talent of his royal pupils, and the pleasure he took in writing new harpsichord works for them is evident in the virtuous and often humorous quality of his sonatas. His student Queen Maria Barbara of Spain ultimately kept Scarlatti employed at her royal court in Madrid for the rest of his life.

Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848) La Fille du Regiment: 'Chacun le sait' In this opera, the 21st regiment of the French Army is stationed in a small Austrian village, where a local young man named Tonio falls in love with Marie, the titular “daughter of the regiment.” Marie loves Tonio back, but she’s been told that she can only marry a soldier in the 21st regiment. Marie sings this aria, which is the French army’s company song within the opera: “Chacun le sait, chacun le dit” or “Everyone knows it, everyone says it.” Motivated by his love for Marie, Tonio enlists in the French army so the two can be together. He then sings Ah! mes amis, quel jour de fête, one of the most difficult tenor arias in the repertoire, which is often called “the mountain” for its use of nine high Cs.

Richard Wagner (1813-1883) Siegfried Idyll As the son of famed opera composer Richard Wagner, it must have been difficult to avoid the family business. Wagner’s son tried, first pursuing architecture, but he later became a composer, conductor, and eventually the director of the Bayreuth Festival, the opera festival his father founded. After all, his connection to the Wagner legacy was right there in his name. Wagner named his son Siegried, after the main character from the Ring-cycle opera he was composing at the time of his son’s birth. The orchestral work Siegfried Idyll (ee-DUL) was a gift to his wife Cosima, upon the birth of their son Siegfried, and these themes were later incorporated into the opera. For what it’s worth, Richard Wagner’s own father was not very musical: he was a clerk for the Leipzig police. However, his father-in-law on the other hand was extremely musical. His name was Franz Liszt.

Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847) Das Jahr: 'August' Like Leopold Mozart, Abraham Mendelssohn had an unusually musical son and daughter pair. Felix and Fanny Mendelssohn matched Wolfie and Nannerl Mozart in many ways. They also exchanged musical ideas throughout childhood, the sisters of both pairs were the older siblings, and most importantly, both Fanny and Nannerl were equally matched to their brothers musical talent, but not able to pursue that talent professionally because of patriarchal social constraints. Unlike Nannerl however, Fanny Mendelssohn’s music survives, and was published after her death. Of the 460 cantatas, chamber works and solo piano pieces that she wrote, Das Jahr continues to be her most popular work. Fanny has recently become the subject of more research, as musicologists attempt to restore her and her music to its rightful place in music history. In 2018, a museum opened in Germany on the Felix and Fanny Mendelssohn, and highlights the dedication of both son and daughter to the craft of music.

Modeste Mussorgsky (1839-1881) Khovanshcina: Solemn March Mussorgsky came up with the idea for his opera Khovanshchina in 1872 and began work on it the next year. Like his other dramas, the opera focuses on a period of Russian history: The attempt by Prince Ivan Khovansky to de-throne Peter the Great and install himself as regent of Russia. Prince Ivan has a son named Andrey, around whom the love- triangle subplot of the opera revolves. The opera portrays a violent period of Russian history. Andrey succeeds Ivan, who is murdered by Peter’s agents. However, by the end of the work, he and his lover self-immolate in a giant funeral pyre for his father’s followers. Like many of Mussorgsky’s works, the opera was incomplete when Mussorgsy died in 1881. Rimsky-Korsakov completed Khovanshchina, and it was first performed in 1886.

Jan Ladislav Dussek (1760-1812) Piano Concerto in g Minor, Op. 49: Allegro The Bohemian composer Jan Ladislav Dussek came from a musical family. His father was a well-known organist, and his mother was a talented harpist. It comes as no surprise that three of their eight children would become noted musicians as well. Jan Dussek was trained in piano, organ and voice, and though he was educated in Prague, he did not stay there, preferring to teach and tour all over western Europe with performances on piano and the glass harmonica. He was very popular in aristocratic circles, and received praise from C.P.E. Bach and Haydn, who was particularly impressed at his talent. Dussek’s music is perhaps unjustly compared to Beethoven and Schumann. Though his compositions do exhibit early Romantic traits, they were actually being published well before such composers were known, marking Dussek as truly before his time. He is also credited with encouraging the development of the six-octave piano, and was one of the first composers to write for an extended range.

Scott Frankel (b. 1963) Grey Gardens: Revolutionary Costume for Today When the Maysles Brothers released their documentary Grey Gardens in 1976, audiences could not look away from the fascinating life of Big Edie and Little Edie Bouvier Beale. The mother and daughter lived in high society as members of the American gentry until a failed marriage and family drama pushed the Beales to near poverty, living as eccentric recluses in Big Edie’s run-down summer home in the Hamptons. Filmed in the Maysles’ signature Direct Cinema style, Grey Gardens puts the Beale’s larger-than-life personalities and volatile relationship on full display. 30 years later, this cult classic was made into a musical, with the first act depicting a speculative recreation of the Beale’s opulent early life, to a sometimes word-for-word repurposing of the documentary in the second. This opening number from Act 2 focuses on Little Edie’s quirky fashion sense and her penchant for using an abundance of scarves, towels and brooches to create surprisingly sophisticated outfits. After the success of Grey Gardens, Little Edie became a style icon and has had a fan following ever since.

Nancy Sinatra (b. 1940) Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down) (1966) Being the daughter of a legendary singer was both a blessing and a curse for Nancy Sinatra. She had all the connections she needed to become a successful pop singer, and yet, she felt she was either misunderstood or not taken seriously. Her collaboration with Lee Hazelwood led to several hits in the mid-Sixties, including the iconic “These Boots are Made for Walking” as well as her cover of Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down), previously recorded by Cher. However her connection to her father’s music (including a duet released in 1967) put her squarely on the wrong side of the generation gap. Having had enough of the music industry by 1972, she officially retired from performing to raise her children. Thirty years later she returned to touring and recording, thankfully finding a much more receptive audience who regarded her as a star.


1. He Wasn&apost Amadeus Originally

Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. He was named for, respectively, the saint on whose day he was born (St. John Chrysostom), his maternal grandfather, and a godfather.

There&aposs no evidence that Mozart ever used the first two names. As a child he was known as Wolferl or Wolfgangerl. As for the name Theophilus -- Greek for beloved of God -- Mozart did sometimes use the German equivalent, Gottlieb. He hardly ever employed its full Latin equivalent, Amadeus, although in signatures he occasionally styled himself as Wolfgang Amadè Mozart. At other times he would sign as W.A. Mozart, or simply Mozart. Since there can only be one Mozart, Mozart should suffice.


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wife

Maria Constanze Cäcilia Josepha Johanna Aloysia Mozart was a trained Austrian singer. She married twice. Her first husband was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart her second husband was Georg Nikolaus von Nissen. She and Mozart had six children: Karl Thomas Mozart, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, and four others who died in infancy. She became Mozart's biographer jointly with her second husband Plaque commemorating the wedding of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Constanze Weber in their parish church St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna on 4 August 1782. Source: Wikimedia. Leopold Mozart made no secret of it: Constanze Weber was not the good match he had intended for his son Wolfgang Amadeus

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart föddes år 1756 i Salzburg. Han var son till violinisten och kompositören Leopold Mozart vid furst ärkebiskopens hov i Salzburg - då huvudstad i det riksomedelbara Ärkebiskopsdömet Salzburg - och dennes hustru Anna Maria Pertl Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 - 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical period.. Born in Salzburg, in the Holy Roman Empire, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood.Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before.

When Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart went to Vienna, he moved into a fully furnished room in the house of the Weber family - and met Constanze Weber. He married her against the will of his father and under the suspicious scrutiny of the widowed mother of Constanze, Cäcilia Weber Child prodigy. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. His father, Leopold Mozart, a noted composer, instructor, and the author of famous writings on violin playing, was then in the service of the archbishop of Salzburg. Leopold and Anna Maria, his wife, stressed the importance of music to their children , composer, married Constanze Weber (1762-1842) Raimund Leopold Mozart (1783-1783) Karl Thomas Mozart (1784-1858), official in the service of the Viceroy of Naples in Milan unmarried and no children Johann Thomas Leopold Mozart (1786-1786 The Mozart family: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (seated at piano) with his sister Maria Anna (left) and his parents, Leopold and Anna Maria oil on canvas by Johann Nepomuk della Croce, c. 1780-81 Mozart House, Salzburg, Austria. 140 × 168 cm

..Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl Mozart at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg, capital of the sovereign Archbishopric of Salzburg, in what is now Austria but, at the time, was part of the Holy Roman Empire. His only sibling to survive infancy was his elder sister Maria Anna (1751-1829), nicknamed Nannerl Despite the 'Amadeus' stage show/film depicting Mozart as being called 'Wolfie' as a nickname by his wife Constanze, there is no evidence in any of the contemporaneous material to suggest that this was true In the 1984 film Amadeus based on Wolfgang Mozart's life, Wolfgang is commonly referred to as Wolfi, especially by his wife (as spelled in the scripts I could find online). Amadeus also takes plenty of artistic liberties with the actual life of Mozart and I'm aware that using it as a source would be ill-advised Aloysia, who had earlier rejected Mozart's suit, was now married to the actor Joseph Lange, and Mozart's interest shifted to the third daughter, Constanze. The couple were married, with father Leopold's grudging consent (New Grove), on August 4, 1782 . Both Nannerl and Wolfgang showed that they had a very big talent for music. By the age of eight Nannerl was very good and talented at playing the piano

Practice and Play Rondo Alla Turca by Mozar

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  • Mozart's body was thrown into a pauper's grave in the churchyard of St. Mark in Vienna. When his wife, Constanze, returned with flowers a week later, she couldn't find his grave. Because Mozart..
  • Mozart's wife blamed Salieri, and in his later years, suffering from dementia, Salieri himself took credit for poisoning Mozart. This has been discredited as Salieri had no reason to murder Mozart. Salieri was in a position of power and esteem with a handsome stipend, and Mozart was of little threat to him
  • Constanze Mozart was anxious to have the requiem completed, as a fee was due it had been commissioned, in memory of his wife, by Count von Walsegg-Stuppach to pass off as his own
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As I was just in the process of researching some data on Personality Disorders and Bipolar Disorders, I came upon an article by Philippe Huguelet and Nader Perroud that was published in the journal Psychiatry in 2005. The article caught my attention, because it was about the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sünninimi: Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart: Sündinud: 27. jaanuar 1756 Salzburg: Surnud: 5. detsember 1791 (35-aastaselt) Viin: Elukutse: helilooja, pianis Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg (part of present-day Austria which was at the time part of Roman Empire), to Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart. Hailing from Augsburg, his father was a composer, teacher, and chapel master in the court orchestra of archbishop of Salzburg

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. He showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician a Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart grew up in Salzburg under the regulation of his strict father Leopold who also was a famous composer of his time. His abilities in music were obvious even when Mozart was still young so that in 1762 at the age of six, his father took him with his elder sister on a concert tour to Munich and Vienna and a second one from 1763-66 through the south of Germany, Paris and London Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791 pronounced MOHT-sart) was an Austrian composer (music writer), instrumentalist, and music teacher. His full baptised name was Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophillus Mozart. He was born in Salzburg, Austria, the youngest child of Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart.From a very early age, the young Mozart showed great musical talent Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (teljes neve Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (Salzburg, 1756. január 27. - Bécs, 1791. december 5.) osztrák bécsi klasszikus zeneszerző, zongorista, karnagy és zenepedagógus.Zenei tehetsége korán megmutatkozott, első zeneműveit hatévesen komponálta. Édesapja, Leopold Mozart pedig, aki a salzburgi érseki udvar muzsikusa volt. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) lived for just 35 years, but in that time he wrote some of the greatest classical music of all time. Here are the ten pieces by Mozart that we guarantee will enrich and change your life. 1. The Marriage of Figar

Mozart is among the most enduringly popular of European composers, and many of his works are part of the standard concert repertoire. He died on December 5, 1791. Constanze Mozart is the wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . Välj bland premium Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart-bilder av högsta kvalitet Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was not only one of the greatest composers of the Classical period, but one of the greatest of all time. Surprisingly, he is not identified with radical formal or harmonic innovations, or with the profound kind of symbolism heard in some of Bach's works. Mozart's best music has a natural flow and irresistible charm, and can express humor, joy or sorrow with both. The Mozart family were the ancestors, relatives, and descendants of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.The earliest documents mentioning the name Mozart, then spelled Motzhart or Motzhardt, are from the Bavarian part of Swabia (today the Regierungsbezirk of Bavarian Swabia) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756, to his mother Anna Maria and his father Leopold Mozart, who was a composer and music teacher at Salzburg Cathedral

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a composer everyone knows and loves, a man who died in his early 30s, author of 600 musical pieces lived a turbulent, exciting, and interesting life, with many ups and downs. His works are studied, performed, and celebrated to this day, and his legacy is being renewed with each new performer, who tries to experience Mozart's greatness Den internationella Mozart-stiftelsen (som existerade mellan 1870 och 1879) inredde ett museum i Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts födelsehus i Salzburg. Ett annat Mozart-museum återfinns i Mozarts senare bostad vid Makartplatz, i det så kallade Tanzmeisterhaus. Stiftelsen Mozarteum Salzburg har sitt huvudkontor i Salzburg Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [m'ootsart] (ristinimi Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart 27. jaanuar 1756 Salzburg - 5. detsember 1791 Viin) oli austria helilooja, Viini klassikalise koolkonna esindaja. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Nimi. Mozarti kohta oli tema eluajal kasutuses. Start studying Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Flashcards. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more

Constanze Mozart - Wikipedi

  • 51 quotes from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 'The music is not in the notes, but in the silence between.', 'Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius.', and 'I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame. I simply follow my own feelings.
  • WolfgangAmadeusMozart was born on 27 January 1756 to Leopold Mozart (1719-1787) and Anna Maria, née Pertl (1720-1778), at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg. This was the capital of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, an ecclesiastic principality in what is now Austria, then part of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. His works are loved by many and are frequently performed. Contents: 1 Life. 1.1 The years of travel 1.2 Mozart in Vienn

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27. januar 1756 - 5. decembar 1791), puno ime Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, bio je austrijski kompozitor.. Mozartova muzička vještina je bila vidljiva čak i kad je bio samo par godina star. [1] Otac mu je bio Leopold Mozart, veoma značajan u životu svoga sina.Bio je veoma obrazovan i također jedan od vodećih evroih nastavnika muzike. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, in full Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart (born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, archbishopric of Salzburg [Austria]—died December 5, 1791, Vienna), Austrian composer, widely recognized as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music Probably the greatest genius in Western musical history, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, Jan. 27, 1756, the son of Leopold Mozart and his wife, Anna Maria Pertl. Leopold was a successful composer, violinist and assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court. Wolfgang began composing minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at 9 . Wolfgang was no ordinary kid. By the time he was four years old, he was composing short pieces that his father wrote down for him

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Constanze Webe

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a composer of Earth classical music.A prodigy as a child, Mozart was considered by many to be among the greatest of Terran composers, having written masterpieces in every genre of his day: symphonies, operas, masses, keyboard sonatas, piano and other concertos, string quartets, and other chamber works. The Traveler compared the skills of Wesley Crusher with those of. Sep 29, 2018 - Explore Jelena Rizvanovic's board Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, followed by 2127 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about mozart, amadeus, classical music Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, the son of Leopold Mozart.He was a prolific and highly influential composer of classical music. His enormous output of more than six hundred compositions includes works that are widely acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 - 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era

Mozart Requiem. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sadly died on 5th December 1791 without finishing his requiem. He had only recently been commissioned to write the requiem by an anonymous person (it turned out to be on behalf of Count Franz von Walsegg-Stuppach who was wanting the mass to commemorate his deceased wife). Thankfully, the requiem was completed by his pupil Sussmayer and remains to this. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Salzburg, 27 januari 1756 - Wenen, 5 december 1791), doopnaam Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was een uit het prinsaartsbisdom Salzburg afkomstige componist, pianist, violist en dirigent.Hij excelleerde in elke courante muziekvorm uit zijn tijd, met name in opera, de symfonie, het pianoconcert en kamermuziek Amadeus (1984) Tom Hulce as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : [of his great opera Figaro] Nine performances! Nine, that's all it's had Description: Mozart's final completed sacred work was written on 17 June 1791, for the feast of Corpus Christi at the request of Anton Stoll, choirmaster at Baden where Mozart was visiting with his wife Constanze. External websites: 1973 performance on YouTube (Guildford Cathedral Choir) - Barry Ros

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikipedi

  1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a highly prolific and influential composer of the Classical era in music history. He composed over 600 works, many of which are acknowledged as pinnacles in the respective genres of symphonies, concertos, chamber music, solo piano works, operas, and choral music
  2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 8,026 likes · 25 talking about this. My name is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. I am a pianist and composer living in Vienna. The purpose of this page is to show you my work and the..
  3. Episode 1: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 1. In which country was Mozart born? Austria 2. Mozart was born in which year? A. 1756 3. How old was Mozart when he wrote his first symphony? 8 4. In which city did Mozart meet his wife, Constanze Weber? Vienna ANSWER SHEET (no peeking!) 9

About Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart has been celebrated as the quintessential Western musical genius, the embodiment of divine creativity whose life story took on the air of romantic tragedy almost immediately upon his death in 1791. Mozart's numerous works span many genres, but he is best known for his operas Français : Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart né à (Salzbourg Principauté du Saint Empire Romain Germanique ,le 27 janvier 1756 — Décédé à Vienne, le 5 décembre 1791) est un des représentants les plus significatifs de la musique classique européenne et est généralement considéré comme un des plus grands compositeurs de tous les temps A Christmas ornament featuring the likeness of famed 18th-century Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart hangs from an outdoor Christmas tree along a busy Vienna street in December 2014 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (døbt Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (født 27. januar 1756 i Salzburg, død 5. december 1791 i Wien) var en Salzburger komponist.Han er almindeligt anerkendt som en af de største komponister af klassisk musik. Han er en af wienerklassikkens mestre og en af de mest populære komponister nogensinde.. Mozart og hans søster Maria Anna Mozart var. by Jacy Burroughs Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 - 5 December 1791) 1. Mozart was baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. (Imagine trying to learn to write that name!) His first two names, Johannes Chrysostomus, represent his saint's name, following the tradition of the Catholic Church. This saint's name was in all likelihoo

av Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Kombinerat material) 2001, Italienska, För vuxna. Le nozze di Figaro. av Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Musik, CD) 1986, För vuxna. The magic flute (highlights) av Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Musik, CD) 1994, För vuxna. Mozart arias Baritone/bas Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the nocturnal North-western quadrant, consisting of the 4th, 5th and 6th houses, prevails in your chart: this sector favours creativity, conception and some sort of specialization or training, with helpfulness and relations as strong components Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart var en tonsättare från Österrike som föddes 1756 och dog 1791. (14 av 93 ord) Vill du få tillgång till hela artikeln? Testa NE.se gratis eller Logga in. Mozarts musik. Många tycker att Mozarts musik är lätt att lyssna till

Mozart was a brilliant composer of classical music . He wrote many different types of music and excelled in every one. During his short life he composed more than 50 symphonies and 15 operas . He also wrote many works for choir, orchestra, and smaller groups of instruments. Although they are more than 200 years old, his compositions are still. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. He composed over six hundred works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers wife of wolfgang amadeus mozart, constanze mozart - constanze mozart stock illustrations Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , Austrian composer. Title page from the first piano score of the opera Idomeneo, compiled by Johann Wenzel und edited at..

UNSPECIFIED - MARCH 18: Portrait of Constanze Weber (Zell im Wiesental, 1762-Salzburg, 1842), wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). Salisburgo, Mozarts Geburtshaus Museum (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images Portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his wife Constanze Weber . Painting by Johann Nepomuk della Croce detail. Salisburgo, Mozarts Geburtshaus Museum Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Image Portrait of Constanze Weber , wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . Salisburgo, Mozarts Geburtshaus Museum Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Image Picture of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's wife Constanze Mozart, painted by Hans Hansen -1802Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Mozart, composer Austria, Austrian composer, pianist, violinist, portrait SCAN-TT-0084883 Mozart's wife at the time, Constanze Mozart, gave birth to four sons and two daughters. Unfortunately, only two of them survived. Mozart's eldest son, Karl, was an official for the Viceroy of Naples, Influence of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart On Ludwig van Beethoven's Early Period Works

Born in Salzburg Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was the only surviving son of the court violinist and composer Leopold Mozart and his wife Anna Maria. Together with his elder sister Maria Anna (Nannerl, 1751-1829) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was taught early by his father to play different instruments. He never attended a regular school Letter of Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to his wife Constanze, July 31st 1791 [Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , ?sterreichischer Komponist, Eigenh?ndiger Brief an seine Frau Constanze Juli 1791] Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Image Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria in 1756, the son of Leopold Mozart and his wife, Anna Maria Pertl. He began composing minuets at age 5 and symphonies at age 9. Mozart was given the position of court organist in 1779 and produced a series of church works, including the famous Coronation Mass

Mozart-Symphony No. 41 Jupiter/Leibowitz/Pt. 2 (of 3) Cosi fan tutte: Soave sia il vento 1966 Salzburg Festival Le Nozze di Figaro cinque dieci venti trenta & se vuol ballare Mozart - Ein Musikalischer Spaß K522 - Mov 4/4 W. A. Mozart - Jupiter Symphony No. 41 in C major KV 551 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Concerto No. 21 - Andant Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart, a name synonymous with musical genius, After Mozart's death his wife Constanze married a Danish diplomat and the two set about editing the more vulgar parts of Mozart's correspondences and writing a biography of his life. Mozart was buried in an. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. About this Piece. His health was hardly robust, while his chronically ailing wife, Constanze, was experiencing yet another difficult pregnancy: the couple's fifth child, Anna Maria, would die on November 16, an hour after her birth. (Note, however,.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and lov

  • Mozart was born on 27 January, 1756, and was named Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, but called Wolfgang Amadeus by his family. His father, Leopold, was a musician at the court of the Archbishop of Salzburg, and later became Konzertmeister or Court Composer
  • About Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart was born in Salzburg. While still in singe-digits, Mozart toured Europe astonishing royals and other dignitaries with an amazing talent for playing the keyboards. The child prodigy went on to compose works that received praise from the most influential, and important, composer of the classical era
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's operas comprise 22 musical dramas in a variety of genres. They range from the small-scale, derivative works of his youth to the full-fledged operas of his maturity. Three of the works were abandoned before completion and were not performed until many years after the compos

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Soundtrack: Amadeus. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart grew up in Salzburg under the regulation of his strict father Leopold who also was a famous composer of his time. His abilities in music were obvious even when Mozart was still young so that in 1762 at the age of six, his father took him with his elder sister on a concert tour to Munich and Vienna and a second one from 1763.. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - The last travels: On his return from Prague in mid-November 1787, Mozart was at last appointed to a court post, as Kammermusicus, in place of Gluck, who had died. It was largely a sinecure, the only requirement being that he should supply dance music for court balls, which he did, in abundance and with some distinction, over his remaining years

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1751-1791) was a widely acknowledged Austrian composer, performer, and a player of various music instruments. Mozart since the age of 6 started to align with various composers and patrons who guided him and motivated him to put more effort to advance his career, which led him to develop hundreds of compositions including concertos, operas, and sonatas among other styles Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1. Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart (German: ˈvɔlfɡaŋ amaˈdeus ˈmoːtsaʁt, English see fn.127 January 1756 - 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes ChrysostomusWolfgangus Theophilus Mozart,2was a prolific and influential composer of theClassical era.Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791). AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED TO HIS WIFE CONSTANZE, Prague, Good Friday 10 April 1789, brown ink, relating to his activities in Prague, his arrival and the people he has met, the commission for a new opera (which was never carried out), the eagerness with which King Frederick William II of Prussia awaited his arrival in Berlin and Mozart's hopes for a letter. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. His father, Leopold Mozart, a noted composer, instructor, and the author of famous writings on violin playing, was then in the service of the archbishop of Salzburg. Leopold and Anna Maria, his wife, stressed the importance of music to their children Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Vienna: the early years: Fresh from his triumphs in Munich, where he had mixed freely with noblemen, Mozart now found himself placed, at table in the lodgings for the archbishop's entourage, below the valets if above the cooks. Furthermore, the archbishop refused him permission to play at concerts (including one attended by the emperor at.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography - life, children, death

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Mozart family - Wikipedi

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756-5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty Directed by Milos Forman. With F. Murray Abraham, Tom Hulce, Elizabeth Berridge, Roy Dotrice. The life, success and troubles of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, as told by Antonio Salieri, the contemporaneous composer who was insanely jealous of Mozart's talent and claimed to have murdered him Mozart is among the most enduringly popular of European composers, and many of his works are part of the standard concert repertoire. He died on December 5, 1791. Constanze Mozart is the wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts Werke, Serie XXIV: Supplemente, Bd. 1, 51-55 Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1882. Plate Mozart knew about the virtuosity of the orchestra and wrote the most difficult orchestral part ever written for an opera work so far. Mozart's father warned his son against the capriciousness of an orchestra if the work was too difficult, but Mozart was able to score with the great music

Översättning av 'Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen' av Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart från tyska till engelsk Translation of 'Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen' by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart from German to English A girl or a little wife. A girl or a little wife. is what Papageno desires. Oh, a sweet little dove like that. would be bliss for me! Then I should drink and eat with relish Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew.

The Beginning Born January 27, 1767 in Salzburg, Austria The son of Leopold Mozart and his wife Maria Anna Out of the seven children, only Wolfgang and his sister survived Wolfgang was a gifted child that found his interest in music when he was four, he would go to his sister Nannerl's lessons. They both played for the wealthy and royalty counts, nobles, and ambassadors This list of Mozart symphonies of spurious or doubtful authenticity contains 39 symphonic works where an initial attribution to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart has subsequently been proved spurious, or is the subject of continuing doubt. The number of symphonies actually written by Mozart is imprecisely known of the 41 formally numbered, three are established as by other composers and another, No. 11. 12.5 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his Music. Loading. Introduction to Classical Music. Yale University 4.9 (3,205 ratings And it's a scene in which Salieri, a supposed arch enemy of Mozart has received a raft of scores from Mozart taken surreptitiously by his wife and being shown to Salieri. And Salieri is astonished because,.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography, Facts, & Works

Wolfgang-amadeus Mozart is on Facebook. To connect with Wolfgang-amadeus, sign up for Facebook today. Log In. or. Sign Up. About Wolfgang-amadeus Mozart. Current City and Hometown. No places to show. About Wolfgang-amadeus. I love my wife Constanze Weber and our two children Carl Thomas and Franz Xavier


A Beginner’s Guide to Opera

So, you’ve decided to take the plunge into the beauty, power, and virtuosity of opera. But where do you start? With so many stunning operas from all of the powerhouse composers, finding an entry point may seem overwhelming. But have no fear – Bruce Scott, the producer of World of Opera, is here to be your guide. He has a few suggestions to help you begin your operatic journey.

La Boheme

The tragic ending of La Boheme may be a bit intense. Yet along the way, Puccini gives us some of opera’s most graceful and appealing music — and the tender yet passionate romance that drives the story might just make this the greatest “date opera” ever composed.

Watch: “They call me Mimi”
In Act One, Mimi responds to Rodolfo’s curiosity by introducing herself, in the aria “Mi chiamano Mimi” (“They call me Mimi”). Here, Dame Kiri Te Kanawa sings in a Victoria State Opera production conducted by John Hopkins.

Porgy and Bess

Some still think of Porgy and Bess as a musical, and it does boast enough great songs for several Broadway hits. But Gershwin’s masterpiece is pure opera, through and through, with a vivid cast of fully-fleshed characters, and a powerful story of human strength, persistence and unflagging devotion.

The Magic Flute

The story of Mozart’s glittering Magic Flute can get a touch confusing, with good and evil tightly intertwined. Still, with music that’s often — and justly — called sublime, and an exotic yet endearing array of characters and settings, this is truly an opera fit for kids of all ages.

Listen: ‘Hell’s Revenge’
Swedish Radio Symhony Orchestra and Chorus – Daniel Harding, conductor
Mozart gave the Queen of the Night one of the most treacherous arias in all of opera: “Der Hölle Rache.” It’s heard in Act Two, as the Queen asks her daughter Pamina to murder Sarastro, and includes four, famously stratsopheric, high F-naturals. Here, Natalie Dessay performs in a 2001 Paris production.

La Traviata

In La Traviata, Giuseppe Verdi loosed the full range of his formidable genius. The opera’s taught drama and complex passions are graced by moving portrayals of profound love and painful sacrifice. As for the music, if you don’t leave this opera whistling an unforgettable tune, it’s only because there are too many to choose from.

Watch: “Sempre libera”
Violetta winds up the first act with “Sempre libera” (“Always Free”), a stunning aria reveling in the freedom of her carefree lifestyle — and she sticks with that sentiment even as Alfredo is serenading her. Here, Anna Netrebko performs at the Salzburg Festival.



Amadeus 35 Years On: What happened to the cast and director?

It was at the 1985 Academy Awards that Milos Forman’s epic eschew on the history of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (based on Peter Shaffer’s stage play and adapted to screen by him too), Amadeus, reigned supreme. This fictionalised retelling of Mozart’s (Tom Hulce) rise and fall, as told through the fiercely jealous eyes of a rival composer, Salieri (F. Murray Abraham) is a work of sheer brilliance.

Forman, with previous in crafting masterpieces (including One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest) delivered a work that astounded critics and which ultimately swept the boards at the Oscars. It won 8 awards, including Best Picture, Director, Actor (Abraham) and more. Forman could never come close to hitting this level again. It was his peak. Sometimes a bar is set too high. The peak of post Amadeus work for Forman, who still retained the grip of an auteur craftsman, was The People vs Larry Flynt, two films and over a decade later. Perhaps he’d peaked at a point when the likes of Spielberg, Scorsese etc were rising and rising. In truth, Forman had also struggled to match his output of classic Czech cinema and more so Cuckoos Nest prior to Amadeus. Not that Ragtime, with 8 Oscar nominations could be considered anything less than excellent, but it wasn’t Cuckoo level (the curse of hitting masterpiece level, is everything else which isn’t quite). Hair was also an entertaining work and both those films foresaw a gift for implementing music on film that would bode exceptionally well for Amadeus.

Once Forman had crafted such impeccable, passionate cinema in Amadeus, something was given over that he could never quite repeat. So what works in Amadeus? Well…everything. The cinematography, set design, production design, costumes, every visual element is a masterclass. The music, not least consisting of an array of Mozart’s renowned works is exceptional, but just as exceptional is the placing within the film. This is a beautifully edited work, with wonderful usage (sometimes playful) of the music and the music and sound editing is unsurpassed before or since. To watch Amadeus is to feel a new found appreciation for music that is truly affecting. It cuts through you whether in relaying the joy of a piece of music, the hatred or the fear.

All of this audio and visual delight is further anchored by wonderful acting. A diverse supporting cast all play their part. The principal leads are wonderful. Elizabeth Berridge is fantastic. Impeccably costumed and nicely written, it’s a role that should have been a star maker for an actress more renowned for horror at that point. Looking angelic, younger than her years, but suitably complex when needed (and indeed strong), it’s a wonder she wasn’t destined for greater things in the following years. To this day her cult following is largely cosigned to her part here, and indeed for Funhouse (the enjoyable Tobe Hooper horror made several years previously). She didn’t have the movie starlet look of a Pfeiffer etc, but nonetheless a real natural beauty.

Tom Hulce received an Oscar nomination as ‘Wolfie.’ His background was more comedy than period epic (best known for Animal House prior to Amadeus). He never seemed to find that run of leading roles beyond Amadeus. The film, which called for Hulce to use his comedic talents (the film has some brilliant humour) and blend them with complex drama was a perfect vaulting point. Still, the follow up dramatic roles were never quite to par, and the comedic roles were largely consigned to support (in films like Parenthood). There were more intense, and rugged dramatic actors, and aspiring comedians were rife in the field.

One can’t mention Amadeus and not talk about F. Murray Abraham. He deservedly won the Oscar that year. It’s not just a performance of the year though. It’s up there with the all time legendary performances. His beautifully nuanced portrayal of a bitter, twisted, hateful, spiteful, cowardly and insidious Salieri is a masterclass in acting. All the while, as we hear Salieri recount his part in Mozart’s rise, fall and death, in his underhanded actions, we cannot help feel pity for the pitiful God fearing composer burning with jealousy at Mozart’s God given natural abilities and super stardom. Abraham is well aided by great scriptwriting and perfect editing, but his grasp of the role is awe inspiring.

So why did Abraham not go on to be as prolific as a leading light? He’s not talked of in the same breath as Pacino, Hoffman, De Niro, Nicholson etc. Prior to Amadeus he’d played a supporting foe to Pacino in Scarface (and Serpico). Beyond Amadeus he became a prolific character actor, but never the leading light again (or even often 2nd or 3rd billing, outside of low budget European films). In more recent times, Abraham has become a reliable presence on some quality TV (Homeland, The Good Wife and more) as well as working with the Coens and Wes Anderson (in Inside Llewlyn Davis, Grand Budapest Hotel and Isle of Dogs). As prolific as he’s been, and reliable (particular as a solid scenery chewing villain), he seemed destined for more.

Who else seemed destined for greatness after Oscar success but didn’t catch the breaks they deserved? Let us know in the comments below or on twitter @flickeringmyth..


Mozart… ! 70 Interesting Facts About . . .

Even as a child, Mozart was rare musical genius

    1. Mozart could write music before he could write words. e
    2. Mozart wrote half the number of total symphonies he would create between the ages of 8 and 19. a
    3. Mozart’s nickname was “Wolfie.” f
    4. Rocker Eddie Van Halen named his son “Wolfgang van Halen” in honor of Mozart. i
    5. Ludwig von Köchel (1800–1877) produced the first scholarly catalog of the works of Mozart. i
    6. Mozart composed his last symphony (no. 41) in 1788. It is known as the “Jupiter” symphony. k
    7. In the largest-ever recording project devoted to a single composure, Philips Classic produced 180 compact discs in 1991 containing the complete set of authenticated works by Mozart. It comprises over 200 hours of music and would take over 6.5 feet of shelving. k
    8. The soundtrack to the1984 film Amadeus made it to #56 on the Billboard album charts, making it one of the most successful classical music albums ever. b

    Mahler championed Mozart’s work throughout his career

      1. Composer Gustav Mahler’s (1860–1911) last word before he died was “Mozart.” k
      2. Wolfgang Mozart was baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. a
      3. Mozart could listen to music just once and then write it down from memory without any mistakes. k
      4. The only country that begins with the same first three letters at Mozart is Mozambique. e
      5. One anagram of “Wolfgang Mozart” is “A famous German waltz god.” e
      6. Mozart’s sister Maria Anna (1751–1829) was a talented pianist, but after she reached marriageable age, she was not allowed to perform in public. In contrast to Mozart, who disobeyed his father’s wishes about his career and marriage, Maria Anna was very obedient to her father. a
      7. Mozart was a master of every type of music he wrote. He was a child star, one of the greatest pianists of his generation, and the most well known composer in Europe by the age of 20. However, even with all this, he spent most of his life searching for a job. a
      8. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) died in his 36th year, at the peak of his musical power—without any money. k
      9. Mozart wrote more music in his short career than many other composers who lived much longer. i
      10. Mozart’s father, Leopold, described Mozart’s birth as a “miracle from God” because he seemed too small and weak to survive. i
      11. Count Hieronymus von Colloredo (1732–1812), archbishop of Salzburg, is famous for being one of Mozart’s patrons and employers. He eventually became annoyed with Mozart’s frequent absences and dismissed him with the famous words: “Soll er doch gehen, ich brauche ihn nicht!” (“He may leave, I don’t need him!)” k

      Colloredo angrily dismissed Mozart from his court

        1. At one time, Mozart was an employee of the archbishop of Salzburg. Relations with his employer ended when the archbishop’s secretary gave Mozart a kick in the behind. k
        2. Debate surrounds the temperament of Mozart’s father, Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (1719–1787). Some scholars cast him as being tyrannical, mendacious, and possessive, while others argue Leopold was a sensible guide for an irresponsible Wolfgang. k
        3. Wolfgang Mozart’s second name, Theophilus, means “loved by God” in Greek. He liked to use the Latin translation, “Amadeus.” a
        4. Mozart, his father, and his sister traveled around the noble courts of Europe to perform music. Travel was difficult in those days, and all three Mozarts suffered serious illnesses on the road. Wolfgang never grew to be a strong man, and researchers believe his many illnesses as a child left him small, pale, and delicate. f
        5. The music Mozart played as a child was called the “gallant style,” which was a part of a larger artistic movement known as Rococo. It was noted for its more jocular, florid, and playful style. Mozart would later move away from the gallant style to become an archetype of the classical style. f
        6. Mozart traveled extensively. He spent 14 of his 36 years away from home. f
        7. When Mozart was just 14, he composed the opera Mitridate re di Ponto (Mithridates, King of Pontus). It was a triumph when it was performed in December 1770 in Milan. f
        8. The term “Mozart’s ear” describes a defect of the ear. Researchers believe Mozart and his son, Franz, had a congenital ear defect. j
        9. Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, in 1756. He died in Vienna, Austria, in 1791 at the age of 35. a
        10. In addition to composing perfect fugues and operas, Mozart also has a sense of humor that frequently included references to scatology (feces). In one letter to his 19-year-old cousin Marianne, the 21-year-old Mozart wrote, “I now wish you a good night, shit in your bed with all your might.” However, it appears the entire Mozart family “wrote strange things to each other.” g
        11. First coined in 1993, the “Mozart Effect” is the belief that listening to Mozart’s music can improve a person’s IQ. k
        12. Mozart’s music has been credited with helping those with epilepsy, boosting the milk production of cows, and boosting the IQ of unborn babies. A Swiss sewage treatment center has now claimed that Mozart can help microbes break down sewage waste. The center’s preferred composition is The Magic Flute. c

        As a child, Mozart asked Marie Antoinette to marry him

          1. While in Vienna as a child, Mozart performed for Empress Maria Theresa. He amused her when he asked one of her young daughters to marry him. She was Marie Antoinette, the future queen of France. a
          2. No one is sure where Mozart’s body is. He was buried according to the custom of the time in a simple grave. He had no graveside ceremony or even a grave marker. j
          3. Mozart had six children, but only two survived infancy. Neither of his two sons, Karl Thomas and Franz Xaver, married or had children. f
          4. Mozart was the first person to compose piano concertos as we know them today. Piano concertos are like lively conversations between the piano and orchestra. f
          5. While Mozart earned substantial money from his successful operas, he was an extravagant spender and often ended up in financial straits. f
          6. Count Franz von Walsegg commissioned Mozart to write his famous requiem. However, he wanted Mozart to leave his name off of the requiem mass so that the count could pass it off as his own work. k
          7. Mozart composed over 600 works, and most of them are pinnacles of symphonic, concerto, chamber, operatic, and choral music. k
          8. Among Mozart’s prolific musical creations are 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, 5 violin concertos, 27 concert arias, 23 string quartets, 18 masses, and 22 operas. k

          The Order of the Golden Spur is a Papal Order of Knighthood

            1. While Mozart was in Rome as a child, the pope awarded him the Order of the Golden Spur, a very high honor. a
            2. Mozart’s impact on Western music is profound. Joseph Haydon noted “posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years.” k
            3. Mozart was the youngest of seven children however, five of his siblings died in infancy. The only other sibling to survive was Maria Anna (1751–1829), who was nicknamed “Nannerl.” a
            4. When he was young, Mozart’s only teacher was his father. Along with music, Mozart’s father also taught his children languages and other academic subjects. a
            5. Mozart wrote his first symphony when he was just 8 years old. h
            6. When Mozart visited the Sistine Chapel as a child, he astonished everyone when he remembered and wrote down, note for note, Allegri’s Miserere. This composition had been previously kept a secret. h
            7. Much to his father’s horror, Mozart married 19-year-old Constanze on August 4, 1782. Some scholars depict her as flighty others view her more sympathetically. Eighteen years after Mozart’s death, she married again and helped her new husband write a book about Mozart. k
            8. Mozart’s famous partnership with Lorenzo Da Ponte resulted in the Marriage of Figaro, which is based on a play by Beaumarchais. Their partnership is one of the most famous in the history of music. k
            9. Mozart’s main rival was the Italian composer Antonio Salieri, who wrote more than 40 operas. Years later, Salieri claimed that he had poisoned Mozart, though most people believe it was the ramblings of a confused old man. k

            Constanze Mozart was also a trained a musician

              1. When Mozart died, his wife Constanze was so upset that she crawled into bed with her dead husband so she could catch his illness and die with him. k
              2. Mozart studied Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel, both of whom influenced his music—specifically the fugal passages in Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute) and the finale of Symphony No. 41. k
              3. Mozart’s Mass in C Minor was largely prompted by his father’s and sister’s cool reception of his wife, Constanze. k
              4. When Mozart met Joseph Haydn in Vienna in 1784, they became friends. They would sometimes play together in impromptu string quartets. Mozart dedicated six quartets to his friend. a
              5. The Marriage of Figaro (1786) and Don Giovanni (1787) are two of Mozart’s most important works and are still opera mainstays today. At their premieres, their musical complexity was surprising for both listeners and performers. i
              6. While Mozart was working under Emperor Joseph II in 1787, a young Ludwig van Beethoven spent several weeks in Vienna, hoping to study under Mozart. No one is sure whether the two famous composers ever met. i
              7. Mozart fell ill while in Prague for the September 6, 1791, premier of his opera La clemenza di Tito. He died in his home on December 5, 1791. Even while ill, he was occupied with the task of finishing his Requiem. k
              8. Mozart was buried in a “common grave” at the St. Marx Cemetery. A “common grave” is not the same as a pauper’s grave or a communal grave, but a grave for people who were not the aristocracy. One main difference is that common graves were subject to excavation after 10 years while the graves of aristocrats weren’t. k
              9. Researchers have hypothesized at least 118 causes of death for Mozart, including rheumatic fever, influenza, trichinosis, mercury poisoning, kidney ailment, and streptococcal infection. a
              10. After Mozart’s death, his wife, Constanze, successfully petitioned the emperor for widow’s pension for herself and her two children. She also organized a series of concerts of Mozart’s music and the publications of his works. k

              Mozart composed his Requiem with the belief it was for himself

              1. According to Mozart’s wife, Constanze, at the end of Mozart’s life, he believed he was being poisoned and that he was composing his Requiem for himself. He died before finishing it. His student Franz Süssmayr completed the work, and it is this version that is most often heard today. Scholars still debate which parts Mozart truly wrote. k
              2. Mozart became increasingly popular after his death. In fact, as 20th century biographer Maynard Solomon notes, there was an “unprecedented wave of enthusiasm” for his work postmortem. k
              3. In 1801, gravedigger Joseph Rothmayer allegedly dug up Mozart’s skull from a cemetery in Vienna. However, even after various testing, it remains uncertain whether the skull is, in fact, Mozart’s. For now, it is locked away at the Mozarteum Foundation in Salzburg, Austria. d
              4. Mozart was born a Catholic and remained a member his entire life. Some of his greatest works are religious. k
              5. According to several biographers, Mozart was a small man with intense eyes. He had small pox when he was a child, which left some facial scars. He was thin and pale with fine hair and he loved elegant clothes. i
              6. Mozart was a tenor. He was also left handed. i
              7. Mozart once said, “I pay no attention whatever to anybody’s praise or blame. I simply follow my own feelings.” k
              8. Mozart’s wife destroyed many of his sketches and drafts after his death. k
              9. Mozart had several pets, including a dog, a starling, a canary, and a horse. k

              What Would Life Be Without Artists And Musicians?

              Ever wondered what life would be like if we did not have artists or musicians? There would be no art galleries to stroll into on slow summer days or concerts to look forward to, on hot summer nights. While we all have our favorites, there are some that have garnered universal appeal, probably because they were all pioneers in their respective art forms. Here are a handful that you have probably heard of, but may know very little about.

              Leonardo da Vinci

              Mention the name Leonardo da Vinci and the first thing that comes to mind is Mona Lisa, the painting of the mysterious woman who appears to be harboring a secret. But while he is largely remembered as an artist today, Leonardo only painted a total of 13 pieces, of which only 10 were ever completed.

              Instead, the brilliant man spent a large amount of time dreaming up new inventions. Among them was the first bicycle - complete with the chain just like the ones we use today, the first model of a parachute and even a flying machine with a blade at the top, similar to the modern day helicopter. His notebooks even mention testing out wings on the hills of Florence , and while nobody is sure that ever happened, this visionary had thought about humans flying, almost 400 years before the Wright brothers built the first airplane in 1903.

              And if that is not impressive enough, how about this? He not only designed a robot but also built one that was a full-size knight in armor and could sit up, move its head and wave its arms! Leonardo da Vinci was a true example of a renaissance man - One who was good at everything he put his mind to!

              Claude Monet

              Today, Impressionist art, one in which the artist captures the image of an object as would be seen by a person who just got a glimpse, is a popular art category for which fans pay millions of dollars. However, such was not the case in the mid-1800's - Back then, artists only painted portraits of models dressed as Greek gods or historical people. In fact, the term impressionists was coined after Monet exhibited his now famous 'Impressions: Sunrise' painting, and was meant as a mockery of his work and that of other similar artists like Alfred Sisley and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.

              But Monet could not care less - He accepted the fact that he was different and continued painting what he loved, which in his case happened to be fleeting glimpses of everyday things like normal people on the beach or even a series of water lily or tree paintings, depicted in different lights and seasons.

              Over his lifetime, he completed a total of 1,189 paintings not including the caricatures of his teachers that he did when he was 16 years old. And he truly did it for the love of the art, because till the day he died, people never really understood his talent and the artist often had to depend on family and friends for food and shelter. Things have of course changed since then - In 2007, just one of the series of water lily paintings he had done, sold for an astounding $36.7 million USD.

              Pablo Picasso

              Mention modern art and cubism and the first person that comes to mind is Pablo Picasso, who is considered almost a pioneer in the art forms. The flamboyant Spanish artist stumbled upon this style of abstract art accidentally, while trying to paint a portrait of a rich American by the name of Gertrude Stein. When after 80 sittings he just could not get Gertrude's face right, the artist decided to take a break from the project. When he resumed a few months later, he completed the portrait from memory.

              The artist incorporated some ideas from the African and Primitive art that he had observed in the portrait, and while others hated it, Gertrude loved it. From then on, Picasso decided that instead of painting exactly what he saw, he was going to paint what he imagined.

              After that there was no stopping him - He along with an artist friend Georges Braque, came up with an even more abstract form of art - breaking up landscapes and portraits into cubes and geometric shapes. According to Picasso it was drawing objects as he thought them, not saw them - They called this new art form cubism, and though it shocked people at first, they soon fell in love with it.

              But Picasso had a hard time sticking to a style. Over his lifetime, he created all kinds of masterpieces ranging from traditional to modern to cubism to collage and even sculptures. Picasso was also extremely emotional, and his art reflected his mood very vividly .

              One of the most striking examples of this occurred in 1901 when the artist went through a 'blue period' - Saddened by the death of a dear friend, he spent three years painting depressing scenes of beggars and prisoners using only, blue and green. Not surprisingly, those were the least popular 50 paintings that he ever made. But that was rare - Unlike the other two artists most of the 50,000 pieces of art that Picasso completed during his lifetime, sold like hot cakes, making him a millionaire!

              Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

              It is often said that geniuses are born not made - That was certainly true for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or Wolfie as he was affectionately called. For how else can you explain a three-year-old learning a musical instrument on his own and even figuring out how to write musical notes, before he could write words. Born to musician parents, Wolfie certainly had it in his blood, but as his father Leopold recognized very early on, he was many notches above everyone else.

              When Wolfie and his sister who was also a good musician, were just seven and eleven respectively , Leopold decided to take them on a tour of Europe so that they could perform in front of royalty, hoping that it would make him rich. And while that may sound exciting, it was an unusual thing to do with young children in those days, because the roads were bad, and there was the constant danger of getting robbed.

              While they were accepted with open arms and treated like royalty, Leopold, unfortunately, did not make much money, because people in high society were not as generous when it came to paying. With as many as three performances a day, it was also hard work for the two pint-sized musicians. But Wolfie loved every minute and it was during this tour at the tender age of nine, that he composed his first symphony.

              The talented boy did not stop there - Driven by his ambitious father, he wrote his first opera at the age of 13. Unfortunately, this was not a very big success because the singers did not like taking orders from the young boy, and the production never saw the light of day. Once again, Leopold's dream of becoming rich was crushed.

              To obtain a steady income, Leopold convinced Wolfie to move to Paris and work for the Duchess of Cabot. That did not work out so well, and the musician was resigned to giving lessons to support himself and his family - Something he did not like doing because it took away time from creating new music, which to him was as essential as breathing.

              In fact, the only time that Wolfie had a steady income and the freedom to create music without a worry in the world was in 1787, when he was appointed Chamber Composer for Emperor Joseph II. Not surprisingly, it was during this time he created four of his most successful operas -The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, Cosi fan Tutte (Everybody does it), and The Magic Flute.

              But despite their success, money eluded this musical genius who wrote 41 symphonies, 22 operas, 27 piano concertos and countless other compositions, before he passed away at the young age of 35.

              Elvis Presley

              There are millions of artists that have their moment in the sun. However very few, leave a lasting impact like Elvis Presley AKA The King of Rock and Roll. Born in an era when popular music comprised of either cutesy love songs or Rhythm and Blues (R&B), which was considered the domain of African-Americans, young Elvis rocked the scene with his devilishly handsome looks, smooth dance moves and heart-thumping music that we now call Rock and Roll - which ironically, just happened to be Elvis's twist on R&B music.

              Born dirt poor, Elvis was always a good singer, something his mother noticed and encouraged, by handing him his first guitar on his eleventh birthday.

              His life changed when the family decided to move to Memphis, Tennessee in 1948. The shy eighth-grader blossomed in the bigger city that was already a haven for musicians and soon began performing at weddings, churches and parties. He got his first break at the age of 18 when Sun Studios gave him the opportunity to record a new kind of music that later became known as Rock and Roll. His first song 'That's All Right' was an instant hit, and a star was born!

              Soon, a businessman by the name of Colonel Tom Parker came knocking at the door and the rest, as they say, is history. He convinced RCA records to not only accept the young singer, but also, pay him $35,000 USD, a record amount in those days. But young Elvis was worth every penny - His first single with them called 'Heartbreak Hotel,' became the most popular song in the country, almost instantaneously.

              However, this was not enough for his ambitious manager who wanted Elvis to be The King and believed that the only way to do that was by turning him into a movie star. His timing was impeccable - James Dean, a popular young actor had just passed away, and studios were frantically searching for a replacement - Young Elvis fit the bill perfectly, and he soon began churning out hit after hit.

              Except for a brief stint in the US Army, Elvis continued his winning streak until the 1960's. But then new groups like the Beatles and Rolling Stones started to gain popularity, and 32-year old Elvis was suddenly not The King anymore. Not one to give up, he replaced his manager and made a dramatic comeback in 1968.

              There was, however, a steep price to pay for this popularity and insanely busy schedule - his health deteriorated thanks to all the junk food he was living off and his beloved wife Priscilla Presley, left him. Unfortunately he also became addicted to drugs and with no one to convince him to change his habits, Elvis overdosed on sleeping tablets and passed away, on August 16, 1977 - He was just 42!

              While The King is gone, his memory still lives on strong. Graceland, his estate is visited by thousands of people each year and to this day, millions of fans gather in Memphis annually on his death anniversary. The best part is that his catchy tunes continue to attract young fans even today.

              The Beatles

              No article about famous musicians would be complete without a mention of The Beatles, the most famous music group in the world ever. Often dubbed the Fab Four, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison, who all grew up idolizing Elvis Presley, burst onto the music scene in late 1962 and with their mop hair cut and collarless suits, won the hearts of every teenage girl that lived.

              The surprising part is that none of them ever took professional vocal or instrument lessons - They were talented enough to learn it all on their own and able to hone their skills at their first steady job in Hamburg, Germany, where they played nonstop for eight hours on a daily basis. This is also the place where they decided to abandon the greasy hair look that was in vogue and adopt the mop-top for which they became famous.

              The talented group first became popular in their home country of Britain following the release of their single 'Please Please Me'. Surprisingly, though, the U.S. audience was not as receptive, and they were such a flop that the local recording company decided to drop them.

              Fortunately, Capitol Records signed them up and their next single 'I Want To Hold Your Hand' became a super hit. The group became so popular, that when they appeared on the Ed Sullivan show in 1964, over 73 million people or about half the population of the US, tuned in to watch. But stardom did not come easy - When they were not recording new songs, the group was constantly on the road, performing. Their popularity also robbed them the ability to live a normal life. Hence on August 29th, 1966, after performing in San Francisco, CA, the group announced that they would no longer go on tour.

              But after a few years even that was not enough - In 1970, after recording their last album, Abbey Road, the Beatles made a decision to break up and go their separate ways.

              They all went on to be successful musicians in their own rights. Unfortunately, in 1980, John Lennon was assassinated by a crazy fan and in 2001, George Harrison succumbed to cancer. Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr continue to perform and enjoy tremendous popularity till today. And though the Beatles stopped recording over 40 years ago, to this day, they remain the best-selling band in the United States.

              Resources: Who was Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Elvis Presley, Who were The Beatles

              Resources: Who was Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Elvis Presley, Who were The Beatles


              Beauifully Designed The Other Mozart Shines a Light on the Composer's Forgotten Sister

              Support the independent voice of Houston and help keep the future of Houston Press free.

              Alongside every great man is a woman who may be as wildly talented and unique as he is. Yes, of course, that&rsquos not the way the saying goes. But permit here the morphing of the phrase for the sake of Nannerl. Never heard of her? Well, what if we told you her last name was Mozart? And that she was the great virtuoso&rsquos older sister. Sure, this will allow you to place her firmly into the family tree, but it leaves out the most interesting part. Apparently she was just as musically talented as her famous younger sibling.

              So says Sylvia Milo, who first encountered Nannerl on a trip to Vienna&rsquos Mozart House, where she saw a portrait of the siblings playing a four-handed piano piece. Further research revealed Nannerl&rsquos remarkable (but not banked upon or allowed to develop fully) talents (she was a female in the 1700s, after all), leading Milo to write and star in her one-woman show The Other Mozart.

              The 2014 play, which started off touring the Fringe Festival circuit, made its way to a critically acclaimed and award-winning Off-Broadway run and has toured for more than 100 shows in the United States and internationally, including in Mozart&rsquos own Vienna and, now, Houston.

              Cue the music and let the sibling rivalry begin.

              &ldquoCould it have been me? Could even a little of it have been mine?&rdquo These are the questions that haunt Nannerl Mozart at the close of the 75-minute show as she contemplates her famous brother&rsquos career. Laid out chronologically, this history lesson as entertainment show snapshots us through the life of the Mozart siblings as told from the perspective of his lost-to-obscurity sister. But before the fame, before the questions and even before the virtuoso brother was born, there was Nannerl, single child of a Salzburg music teacher father and a traditional housewife. It&rsquos this youngster that we meet at the start of Milo&rsquos stylized, girl-powerless show.

              On a set almost completely covered by a glorious 18-foot, billowed-out, white, flouncy period dress strewn with letters, musical compositions and diary entries (wonderful costume as art installation by Magdalena D?browska and Miodrag Guberinic), Milo, wearing only her knickers and a voluminously teased updo, shows us what life was like for the young Miss Mozart. On the one hand, she was fortunate. She had a fierce passion for music that her father encouraged her to indulge. On the other hand, prodigy or no prodigy, the only instrument allowed to her was the harpsichord &mdash the organ and any orchestral instruments being deemed inappropriate for a lady.

              It was all going swimmingly, Nannerl tells us, alternating between moody, oftentimes humorous monologue and sardonically impressionistic snippets of dialogue between her and her old-fashioned parents. That is, it was all peachy until "the shit eater" was born. Yup &ndash you read that right. The great Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart here in the hands of Milo and out of the mouth of Nannerl is reduced to a modern day epithet. Fortunately, rather than simply pit sibling again sibling in shallow enmity and colorful language, Milo weaves a love/hate/respect/envy story for Nannerl to tell brimming with relatable frustration for a life not fully lived.

              Once again as Milo tells it, on the one hand Nannerl was fortunate. She and &lsquoWolfie&rsquo as she called him (sounding like Volfie with the vague and at times overly garbled Austrian accent Milo employs) loved each other quite deeply and enjoyed playing, touring together as young musicians and expanding their musical talents in tandem. But it&rsquos the other hand that The Other Mozart is most concerned with and it&rsquos by far the larger hand.

              As Nannerl continues recounting the moments that made up her life, the fortune quickly slips from her hands into her brother&rsquos. It's Wolfie their father taps to be the genius despite Nannerl&rsquos more favorable notices on many of their tours. It&rsquos Wolfie who&rsquos allowed to continue touring while Nannerl must give up music and focus on learning to become a housewife so her family can marry her off. It&rsquos Nannerl who must wed out of arrangement while her impetuous brother takes a wife of his choosing. Its Wolfie&rsquos compositions that the world falls in love with while Nannerl&rsquos never enjoy an audience. And on and on.

              As Nannerl&rsquos opportunities and freedom dissipate, director Isaac Byrne pulls tighter and tighter on the movement reins. Whereas a musically engaged Nannerl prances around on the dress-covered stage happily relaying her time playing and mocking her parents and brother for us, a creatively stifled Nannerl circles closer and closer into the center of the dress, an unhappy edge creeping into her impressions of her family. Bryne&rsquos final piece of staging that cages Nannerl into the large dress in literal and metaphoric fashion is at once sadly beautiful and enraging. And annoyingly, it&rsquos only one of a handful of scenes fully visible from start to finish for everyone in the audience. Bryne has Milo spend an inordinate amount of time sitting on the stage. She picks up letters to read from the overflowing dress, she fiddles with teacups, she plops down in anger. And while Milo is never completely out of sight for long, those of us not in the first row and obstructed by the heads of those in front of us find ourselves shifting and craning in vain to see what exactly is going on.

              However, this is a show about musicians, so what of the music? Regrettably, none of Nannerl&rsquos compositions remain. Instead, the show features sound bites from Wolfgang Mozart&rsquos pieces as well as those of Marianna Martines (a female composer who inspired Nannerl). Sound designer Nathan Davis and Phyllis Chen, composers with the Mostly Mozart Festival at Lincoln Center, also provide some new music. The music itself is undoubtedly beautiful, but watching the heartbreak of a muzzled musician punctuated by others&rsquo music as recorded sound seems to simply further plunge the knife into poor ignored Nannerl. Admittedly it&rsquos a tricky issue, but Milo herself is a classically trained musician who perhaps could have lessened some of the need for the canned music by playing live during the show.

              Even at only 75 minutes, this visually arresting infotainment show at times drags under the weight of both its timeline and its message. A scene where Wolfgang brings his bride home to meet the family (giving Milo the opportunity to do her impression of the weirdly impish genius) drags in its silliness. The number of times Nannerl reacts to Mozart&rsquos burgeoning success and accolades could also have used some tightening.

              Message-wise, we get that she was hard done by as a woman. This is empathetically infuriating enough for us without the cloying addition of Nannerl rhyming off misogynist quotes from the likes of famous thinkers such as Rousseau and Kant as a kind of accusational theater.

              But even with these flaws, The Other Mozart is a show worthy of attention both for its focus on one woman&rsquos past and for how it shines a spotlight on women today. It&rsquos impossible to talk of this show without thinking about how far we&rsquove come as a gender-equal society. Just one look at the pop charts tells you everything you need to know about woman and music these days. I&rsquom talking to you, Taylor Swift and Adele! That change didn&rsquot come easy, nor was it handed over. By highlighting what was, Milo lets us celebrate what is and encourages us to work hard to make what comes even better.

              Who knows, maybe Falco will reunite and record a follow-up to their 1985 hit. After all, Rock Me Nannerl has kind of a nice ring to it, no?

              The Other Mozart continues to January 9 at MATCH Box 3, 3400 Main. For tickets, contact lottentertainmentpresents.com or call 713- 521-4533 or visit matchouston.org/events/other-mozart. $45.

              Keep the Houston Press Free. Since we started the Houston Press, it has been defined as the free, independent voice of Houston, and we would like to keep it that way. Offering our readers free access to incisive coverage of local news, food and culture. Producing stories on everything from political scandals to the hottest new bands, with gutsy reporting, stylish writing, and staffers who've won everything from the Society of Professional Journalists' Sigma Delta Chi feature-writing award to the Casey Medal for Meritorious Journalism. But with local journalism's existence under siege and advertising revenue setbacks having a larger impact, it is important now more than ever for us to rally support behind funding our local journalism. You can help by participating in our "I Support" membership program, allowing us to keep covering Houston with no paywalls.


              Watch the video: Roth and Le Roi perform Papagena. Papageno! (December 2021).