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Books - Overviews of Military History

Bayonets for Hire - Mercenaries at War, 1550-1789, William Urban.A history of warfare that covers the period of the European Wars of Religion, the wars of Louis XIV and the near constant conflicts of the Eighteenth Century, with a general focus on the role of the mercenary, although with a fairly broad definition that includes the multinational officer corps of the period. A useful book that includes the less familiar conflicts in Eastern Europe as well as the more familiar conflicts in Western Europe [read full review]

Words of War - Speeches that Inspired Heroic Deeds, Anthony Weldon. A selection of extracts from speeches and other quotes about war, mainly from military or political leaders, but with a scattering of other figures and a section of fictional extracts. A wide ranging selection with a mix of long extracts and short quotes, giving a good idea of the nature of each of the chosen figures. [read full review]

Midget Ninja & Tactical Laxatives - Bizarre Warfare Through the Ages, Philip Sidnell. A look at some of the more unusual aspects of military history, from the oddest of weapons to the peculiar behaviour of military leaders, with enough variety to ensure that anything familiar is followed by something new. [read full review]

War: From Ancient Egypt to Iraq, ed. Saul David. A massive and beautifully illustrated look at the history of war from the earliest recorded battles to the recent conflict in Iraq. By focusing on the most significant wars the authors have been able to produce a more readable book than is normal in this genre, and the wide scope of the book means that every reader should find something that is new to them. [read full review]

The Soldier: A History of Courage, Sacrifice and Brotherhood, Darren Moore. A study of the life of the soldier, based on first hand accounts and interviews from the Napoleonic Wars to the current wars in Afghanistan and Ira, and a valuable insight into the often devastating mental and physical cost of war to the soldiers on the front line. Moore's work serves as a valuable reminder that war should always be the last resort. [read full review]

Best History Books Of All Time: 12 Essential Reads On Western Civilization

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You can't make sense of the present without understanding the series of events thought brought us here. My day job may be focused on entrepreneurial and innovative tech but outside of my 9-to-5, I'm a lover of history. That's why I’ve compiled for you my favorite history books about western civilization, including some of the bestselling history books of all time that are consistently reprinted and in demand, even if it was originally published more than a century ago. These reads will surely help you catch up on your world history. Here they are, in historical order:

Many call Henry VI the worst English king ever and it's tough to blame them. He lost the Hundred Years’ War to France and, through fiscal mismanagement and poor leadership, ushered in a civil war that ultimately tore apart the ruling classes and the Crown itself and led to the infamous War of the Roses. Despite his failures, Henry VI was also responsible for the founding of Eton College, King's College, Cambridge, and All Souls College, Oxford. Interesting times.

A history professor and host of the always educational and oftentimes hilarious podcast History Is Sexy, Southon paints a fascinating and terrifying portrait of the woman who was the daughter of the almost-emperor General Germanicus, the granddaughter of former emperor Augustus, the sister of the emperor Caligula as well holding the dual roles of niece and wife to the emperor Claudius (remember folks, it’s ancient Rome!). Forget Arianna Huffington, this woman had power! The book is not only a story of a supremely significant figure in Roman history, but a reminder that some women don't need a hashtag to get the respect they deserve. Look for Agrippina: The Most Extraordinary Woman of the Roman World in hardcover to be released in August.

Roman civilization arguably represents the highest (and the lowest) of human achievements. Will Durant, who is more known for his multi-volume Story of Civilization books of which this is a part, explores all aspects of the greatest empire ever, from its government to its culture, its wars, to its leaders and how religion ultimately became a dominating factor in the empire’s inevitable collapse. Most important, Durant's writing style is easy-to-read and keeps the reader engaged throughout the rise and fall of the Romans.

Sure, it's a novel. But as historical fiction goes this book ranks among the very best. Told from the viewpoints of five aristocratic families—Bezukhovs, the Bolkonskys, the Rostovs, the Kuragins, and the Drubetskoys, the book paints a stark picture of life in Russia and France during the mid-19 th century as France invaded, the Tsarist society reeled and Napoleon ruled.

At almost 1,100 pages, Paul Johnson's sweeping masterpiece tells the story of America from colonial times all the way through the last 20th century. He writes in a manner that only a British historian with an unmatched command of the English language and an unwavering dedication to free markets, capitalism—as well as an appreciation of all that this country was able to achieve and produce in its relatively short history. A former editor of the New Statesman, Johnson also contributed many fine columns to Forbes on world events and how the U.S. plays into them.

Broke in 1854 and a national hero just ten years later, the rags-to-riches story of Civil War general and two-term President Ulysses S. Grant captures the tumultuous times of the mid-nineteenth century in a gripping and realistic manner. Chernow weaves in unforgettable tales of Grant's rise to fame, his oftentimes brutal military techniques and his battles with alcohol and then corruption during his presidential terms into a narrative that only makes the reader—at least this reader—appreciate just how bad things were back then for this country and how relatively easy we have it today.

Ever wonder how the first World War really started? No, it wasn't all about the Archduke Ferdinand's assassination. It was brought on by the tensions that were growing for many years before that—much of it surrounded the enormous dreadnought warships that both England and Germany were turning out like meat pies and schnitzel during that period. The rulers of both countries (England's King George V and Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II) were obsessed with outdoing each other with a new weapon of war, and of course things didn't end well. Massie gives a textbook description as to how wars really start which is usually a combination of human error, large egos and lots of lots of stupidity.

As a white, middle-aged man I will never truly have an understanding of the type of racial challenges that African-Americans have endured in this country for hundreds of years and continue to endure. But after reading this autobiography, I learned about the despicable history of racism not only in America but throughout the world and I've come to better understand how thousands of years of prejudice and ignorance are slowly being changed by the likes of Malcolm X and other leaders like him

"The Second World War was among the most destructive conflicts in human history more than forty-six million soldiers and civilians perished, many in circumstances of prolonged and horrifying cruelty." Those are the first words in Gilbert's massive book about that massive confrontation, a book that never leaves the theme of death throughout its 928 pages. But this book cannot be read without Gilbert's masterpiece on Winston Churchill as a companion. Both histories will remind you of the reasons why countries should never go to war and the importance of great leadership for when they do.

The dropping of the Atomic Bomb was as an important event in human history as the reconstruction that took place immediately after the biggest conflict in human history. In this readable narrative, historian David McCullough explains how Harry Truman, a haberdasher from Kansas City who becomes the 33rd President, used his office to bring about the difficult transition to the nuclear age, while navigating the communist threat and launching America into the greatest economic expansion experienced by any country, ever. McCullough's book teaches how even a mild-mannered hat salesman can demonstrate great leadership and how that doesn't necessarily need great communication skills (he didn’t have them) or a bombastic personality (he didn’t have that either). It just needs common sense, something he did have.

What better way to understand the last part of the 20th century and the first decades of this century than to read an autobiography written by a woman who had a front-row seat to these as she and her husband traveled, studied, raised a family and then made their way all the to the White House? Michelle Obama gives a perspective on this current period of American history that few others can.

Journal of Chinese Military History

To celebrate the 10th volume of the Journal of Chinese Military History, selected articles from the past 10 volumes will be available for free downloading during 2021.

The Journal of Chinese Military History is a peer-reviewed semi-annual that publishes research articles and book reviews. It aims to fill the need for a journal devoted specifically to China's martial past and takes the broadest possible view of military history, embracing both the study of battles and campaigns and the broader, social-history oriented approaches that have become known as "the new military history." It aims to publish a balanced mix of articles representing a variety of approaches to both modern and pre-modern Chinese military history. The journal also welcomes comparative and theoretical work as well as studies of the military interactions between China and other states and peoples, including East Asian neighbours such as Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

Online submission: Articles for publication in Journal of Chinese Military History can be submitted online through Editorial Manager, please click here.

9 - Warfare in Europe

Early modern European warfare features prominently in several important discussions of early modern violence, notably the debate on the Military Revolution and its variants, as well as forming part of the standard narrative of state formation and the emergence of an international order based on sovereign states. While the dominant trend was towards establishing the state as a monopoly of legitimate violence, the patterns and practices of European warfare remained diverse, as were the ways in which they interacted with state and ‘international’ structures. The creation of permanent forces was slow and uneven, while their implications varied depending on whether they were navies or armies. This chapter contests conventional conceptual models, such as that of ‘limited war’ waged by allegedly disinterested ‘mercenaries’. It argues that efforts to impose tighter discipline arose from multiple political, cultural, social and religious impulses, and varied in effectiveness. War was certainly not limited in terms of its capacity for violence and destruction, but it nonetheless remained broadly within established Christian concepts of ‘just war’ directed by a ‘proper authority’ for legitimate ends. The risks inherent in military operations were an additional constraining factor, despite this period becoming known as an ‘age of battles’.


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There is no single satisfactory overarching account of European warfare in this period, but Jeremy Black provides good treatments of sections of the time frame: Black , J. , European Warfare 1494–1660 ( London : Routledge , 2002 ) , European Warfare 1660–1815 ( London : University College London Press/Routledge , 1994 ) . Also of use are Mortimer , G. (ed.), Early Modern Military History 1450–1815 ( Basingstoke : Palgrave , 2004 ) , and Black , J. (ed.), European Warfare 1453–1815 ( Basingstoke : Palgrave , 1999 ) . The key contributions to the long-running Military Revolution debate are assembled in Rogers , C. J. (ed.), The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the Military Transformation of Early Modern Europe ( Boulder, CO : Westview Press , 1995 ) . The causes of individual wars are covered by Black , J. (ed.), The Origins of War in Early Modern Europe ( Edinburgh : John Donald , 1987 ) .

The material and financial means to wage war are examined by Bonney , R. (ed.), The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe c. 1200–1815 ( Oxford : Clarendon Press , 1999 ) and Storrs , C. (ed.), The Fiscal-Military State in Eighteenth-Century Europe ( Aldershot : Ashgate , 2009 ) , both of which offer good assessments of the fiscal–military state debate. Questions of manpower and organisation are well covered by Parrott , D. , The Business of War: Military Enterprise and Military Revolution in Early Modern Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2012 ) . This can be supplemented by Glete , Jan ’s excellent study of Spain, Sweden and the Dutch Republic: War and the State in Early Modern Europe ( London : Routledge , 2002 ) . Ertman , Thomas offers an interesting take on the interaction between military change and political development in Birth of the Leviathan: Building States and Regimes in Medieval and Early Modern Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1997 ) , which also references much of the extensive literature on that topic. International aspects are covered from a variety of perspectives by Nexon , D. , The Struggle for Power in Early Modern Europe ( Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press , 2009 ) and Luard , E. , Balance of Power: The System of International Relations 1648–1815 ( Basingstoke : Macmillan , 1992 ) .

The best overviews of naval warfare are Glete , J. , Warfare at Sea 1500–1650: Maritime Conflicts and the Transformation of Europe ( London : Routledge , 2000 ) and Harding , R. Seapower and Naval Warfare 1650–1830 ( London : Routledge , 1999 ) . There are many general books on tactics, most of which are of limited value, though Nosworthy , B. , The Anatomy of Victory: Battle Tactics 1689–1763 ( New York : Hippocrene Books , 1990 ) provides much useful detail. The conduct of war is also accessible through studies of individual major conflicts such as Mallett , M. E. and Shaw , C , The Italian Wars 1494–1559 ( London : Routledge , 2012 ) and Wilson , P. H. , Europe’s Tragedy: The Thirty Years War ( Harmondsworth : Penguin , 2009 ) . Various wider dimensions are explored by Hagemann , K. et al. (eds.), Gender, War and Politics: Transatlantic Perspectives 1775–1830 ( Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan , 2010 ) Lynn , J. A. , Women, Armies and Warfare in Early Modern Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2007 ) and Bowen , H. V. , War and English Society 1688–1815 ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1998 ) . A more detailed guide to the literature is provided by Wilson , P. H. , ‘ British and American Perspectives on Early Modern Warfare ’, Militär und Gesellschaft in der Frühen Neuzeit 5 ( 2001 ), 108–18 .

Great grandfather fought in the British Army in the First World War and also with the White Russians in the war against the Bolsheviks, escaped out through Archangel to China and then the West Coast of the US to catch a train to New York and a boat back to the UK. He wouldn’t talk of his war experiences but “What did he think of America?” great grandson asks, grandfather. “He was too drunk to notice,” was the reply. Obviously great grandfather was treating post traumatic stress disorder.

Two Vietnam Vets walked in through the bookshop door, happy to browse and buy but also chat, even about being “bombed” with agent organge. “I was in the cookhouse and it came all over me annd the food – bloody awful experience – and look at me now.”

US Naval History and Roles

The U.S. Navy is the most lethal force on the high seas. But what makes them so lethal?

The Navy maintains, trains and equips combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining the freedom of the seas. U.S. Navy personnel expertly operate virtually every type of military equipment in the country's arsenal, everything from Humvees to aircraft carriers.

The Navy was founded on Oct. 13, 1775, and the Department of the Navy was established on April 30, 1798. The Navy has the following main components, all of which ensure it is capable of taking on the enemy anywhere in the world:

Navy operating forces -- As of 2019, the Navy has more than 332,000 active-duty service members and nearly 104,000 members of the Navy Reserve.

Surface fleet -- This consists of vessels of all sizes. Whether providing insertion or cover for special operations on inland rivers or battling modern-day pirates on the high seas, the Navy has a ship suited for every waterborne military mission.

Submarine fleet -- Known as the "Silent Service," submarines have played a number of roles in a hundred of years of both war and peace: attack, surveillance, commando insertion, research and nuclear deterrent. Submarines give the Navy the ability to arrive on scene before the enemy is aware they're on the way.

Naval aviation wing -- In addition to the surface and submarine warfare capabilities, the Navy can provide firepower and support from the air as well. The Navy's aviation contingent consists of helicopters, fighter/attack jets, surveillance, transport and cargo aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).

Shore "support'' establishment -- The shore establishment provides support to the operating forces (known as "the fleet") in the form of: facilities for the repair of machinery and electronics communications centers training areas and simulators ship and aircraft repair construction, intelligence and meteorological support storage areas for repair parts, fuel and munitions medical and dental facilities and air bases.

The bottom line: The Navy has an awesome array of aircraft, ships and equipment and offers many high-tech jobs. From medical to nuclear, mechanical to administrative, there is bound to be a job right for you. Whether high tech is your passion or you just want a great job with great benefits and to travel around the world, then the Navy may be just the place to start your military career. You can start your career by getting more info about joining.


The center traces its lineage back to historians under the Secretary of War who compiled the Official Records of the Rebellion, an extensive history of the American Civil War begun in 1874. A similar work on World War I was prepared by the Historical Section of the Army War College.

The modern organization of the army's historical efforts dates from the creation of the General Staff historical branch in July 1943 and the subsequent gathering of a team of historians, translators, editors, and cartographers to record the official history of World War II. They began publication of the United States Army in World War II series, which numbers 78 volumes, in 1946. [2] Working under the direction of former Nazi General Franz Halder, the center's German section became pivotal in the dissemination of the Myth of the clean Wehrmacht in the United States. [3] Since then, the center has produced detailed series on the Army's role in the Korean and Vietnam Wars and has begun a series on the U.S. Army in the Cold War. These works are supplemented by monographs and other publications on a mix of topics.

Since its formation, the center has provided historical support to the Army Secretariat and Staff, contributing background information for decision making, staff actions, command information programs, and public statements by army officials. It has expanded its role in the areas of military history education, the management of the army's museum system, and the introduction of automated data-retrieval systems. The center's work with army schools ensures that the study of history is a part of the training of officers and noncommissioned officers. Much of this educational work is performed at field historical offices and in army museums.

Under the direction of the chief of military history and his principal adviser, the army's chief historian, CMH's staff is involved in some 50 major writing projects. Many of these efforts involve new research that ranges from traditional studies in operational and administrative history to the examination of such areas as procurement, peacekeeping, and the global war on terror. Those works underway and projected are described in the Army Historical Program, an annual report to the Chief of Staff on the Army's historical activities. All center publications are listed in the catalog Publications of the United States Army Center of Military History, which explains how to access them.

In addition, army historians maintain the organizational history of army units, allowing the center to provide units of the Regular Army, the Army National Guard, and the Army Reserve with certificates of their lineage and honors and other historical material concerning their organizations. The center also determines the official designations for army units and works with the army staff during force reorganizations to preserve units with significant histories, as well as unit properties and related historical artifacts.

CMH also serves as a clearinghouse for the oral history programs in the army at all levels of command. It also conducts and preserves its own oral history collections, including those from the Vietnam War, Desert Storm, and the many recent contingency operations. In addition, the center's end-of-tour interviews within the Army Secretariat and Staff provide a basis for its annual histories of the Department of the Army.

As tangible representations of the service's mission, military artifacts and art enhance the soldier's understanding of the profession of arms. CMH manages a system of more than 120 army museums and their holdings, encompassing some 450,000 artifacts and 15,000 works of military art. [4] The center also provides professional museum training, staff assistance visits, teams of combat artists such as those deployed under the Vietnam Combat Artists Program, and general museum support throughout the army. Current projects include the establishment of a National Museum of the United States Army at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, and a complementary Army Heritage and Educational Center at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

The Chief of Military History is responsible for ensuring the appropriate use of military history in the teaching of strategy, tactics, logistics, and administration. This mission includes a requirement that military leaders at all levels be aware of the value of history in advancing military professionalism. To that end, the center holds a biennial history conference and workshop publishes Army History, a professional bulletin devoted to informing the larger military history education community and supplies readings for the army school system, including the ROTC community, and texts and other support for the army's staff ride program. In this effort, the chief of military history is assisted by a historical advisory committee that includes leading academic historians and representatives of the army school system. [5]

The center has a large collection of Nazi art and ephemera collected as part of Denazification efforts after the Second World War. The holdings include four watercolour paintings by Adolf Hitler and several notable propaganda paintings depicting Hitler including In the Beginning Was the Word and The Standard Bearer. [6]

Staff rides enable military leaders to retrace the course of a battle on the ground, deepening their understanding of the recurring fundamentals of military operations. As one of the army's major teaching devices, staff rides are particularly dependent on a careful knowledge of military history. Center historians lead rides directed by the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff and attended by senior members of the army Staff.

It administers the army's Command History Program, to provide historical support to army organizations worldwide. In addition, since the first Persian Gulf War, the center has coordinated the deployment of military history detachments and the collection of historical data during peacekeeping and wartime operations, including those in northern Iraq, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq.

To stimulate interest in military history in the army and the nation, CMH sponsors professional programs.

  • Fellowships: To encourage and support dissertations in military history by graduate students, the center offers up to four dissertation fellowships each academic year. These fellowships carry a $9,000 stipend and access to the center's facilities and expertise. Although the fellowship program broadly defines the history of war on land, it selects winners with a preference for topics on the history of the U.S. Army. [5]
  • Publications: The center has over 600 titles in its catalog. It is responsible for writing the official history of the U.S. Army. It is able to facilitate research, provide graphics and editorial support, and carry manuscripts through to publication. [7]
  • The center also publishes a quarterly history journal, Army History, [8] known from 1983 to 1988 (No. 1 – No. 12) as The Army Historian. [9] This award-winning magazine currently has a print run of over 10,000 copies and has been in circulation since 1983. [10]

CMH's art and documents collections, library, and reference services are available to private researchers. [11] Official priorities permitting, its historians, curators, and archivists advise researchers on military history and stand ready to share their expertise concerning the location of sources. The Collections Branch of the Museum Division arranges temporary loans of paintings and drawings from the Army Art Collection to private organizations that agree to display the art publicly in accordance with Army regulations. The army's museums and historical holdings throughout the country and abroad are generally open to the public, and their curators are available to answer reference questions. As a secured facility, as of 2016 [update] requests for an appointment at Fort Lesley J. McNair must be made at least a week in advance. [11]


The United States Army has, since the Second World War, maintained civil affairs units. Part of their function includes CIMIC tasks, however, they have a much broader function and a different focus from most other CIMIC organizations. In the mid-1990s, primarily in response to lessons learned in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, most NATO members began developing their own CIMIC structures, which lead to the establishment of the Civil-Military Cooperation Centre of Excellence in The Hague in 2001. Germany maintains its own center

For most civilians, whether private citizens, national or international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or the official local administration, the most obvious indicator of the presence of a CIMIC organisation for their area will be a designated "CIMIC House" or "CIMIC Center". This is literally a house, or other building, or – say – offices set up in the existing town-hall, loaned by the local administration or – in the absence of any viable civil structure – requisitioned by the military. The center is advertised as such and becomes the designated point of contact (POC) for civilians with a problem that they believe the local military could solve. The building may or may not be permanently manned if not, then even in a benign security environment, some form of permanent local guard is usually advisable.

However, as the paragraph on doctrine makes clear, the formal structures, organisations and personnel are not the only means of conducting CIMIC functions: each soldier that has an inter-action, whether a deliberate or a chance intervention, with a civilian, has the capacity either to reinforce the CIMIC doctrine, or to undermine it significantly, through a deliberately hostile act or, more likely, an unintended offence or hurt. As such, all troops to deployed should have at least a minimal briefing on the CIMIC function and the set procedures they should adopt to assist the mission.

The military corps of most interest to civilians in a post-conflict scenario, are usually: the engineers, medical services and, in many developing countries, any veterinary services. Typical problems are: restoration of water supply, restoration of water decontamination services, restoration of sewerage, restoration of garbage services, children's health clinics, veterinary clinics for working animals and livestock (the 'life savings' of rural communities). Other requests will include demands for bridge repairs (frequently destroyed in conflicts and entailing arduous detours), road repairs (often damaged post-conflict by heavy vehicles, especially tracked, and the sheer scale of military traffic) and restoration of electricity supply.

CIMIC functions usually require some degree of language instruction and, where color, creed and culture, differ, some cultural training. For the ordinary soldier, a small vocabulary of greetings and key phrases will act as an ice breaker, whilst CIMIC units might have individuals with more workable language skills. Both should have, or have access to, locally employed civilians [LEC] as interpreters ('terps') to clarify formal arrangements. Training in basic cultural 'Dos and Don'ts' will avoid the bulk of unintended offensive behaviors.

The key document explaining NATO CIMIC doctrine is Allied Joint Publication 9. [1] It outlines the three core functions of CIMIC, those being: [2]

  1. Support to the Force: any activity designed to create support for the military force, from within the indigenous population.
  2. Civil-Military Liaison: coordination and joint planning with civilian agencies, in support of the military mission.
  3. Support to the Civil Environment: the provision of any of a variety of forms of assistance (expertise, information, security, infrastructure, capacity-building, etc.) to the local population, in support of the military mission.

CIMIC is both a function and a capability. As a result, there are soldiers in most NATO armies specifically trained and employed in CIMIC. At the same time, most soldiers on most operations conduct some CIMIC business in their day-to-day operations. CIMIC Operators do not have a monopoly on CIMIC activities. They are meant to provide commanders with expertise and advice on CIMIC matters.

CIMIC works as a force multiplier. For example, by building relationships with officials from non-governmental organizations or local government officials, CIMIC personnel might become aware of a specific threat to the mission. In so doing, they have the opportunity to alert the commander, who can then deploy resources to deal with the threat. Rather than having to post patrols on every street corner, the commander's access to information gathered by CIMIC teams has allowed him to employ a smaller number of soldiers, and to use the soldiers he does have available in other areas.

There is a vital need for translating relevant information into CIMIC knowledge.

A NATO working group is trying to solve this problem by establishing a CIMIC reporting system that allows information sharing by the CIMIC staff from the tactical to the strategic level.

In current operations, the CIMIC staffs are overwhelmed by a huge information flow. To facilitate their work, a CECIL working group has developed practical tools. The aim is to improve CIMIC assessments and develop a smoother information flow within the CIMIC "stove pipe" as well as a better horizontal distribution and sharing of pertinent info with the rest of the staff.

There is a need to improve collaboration between NATO and civilian partners in an operation. Today, the lack of a common database for information sharing is one of the main obstacles.

The system has been tested and has also proven to be a useful tool to consolidate/collect data for the Afghan Country Stability Picture (ACSP).

The CECIL Working Group discovered that there are a lot of different formats for CIMIC reporting. There is a tendency at every HQ to create their own reports in the absence of detailed guidelines.

Reporting history Edit

During the Partnership for Peace (PfP) Exercise VIKING '05, representatives from SHAPE and JFC Brunssum discovered the need for better CIMIC reporting. The ACOSs from ACO at SHAPE and NATO's operational headquarters (JFC Brunssum, JFC Naples and JC Lisbon) discussed the issue and established in May 2006 the CECIL Working Group (WG). The WG consists of CIMIC staff officers, one from SHAPE and three from the J(F)C HQs. In addition, subject matter experts can be called upon hen needed. The WG meets every second month. A Sub-WG for training and education was established and supports the introduction of the CECIL system.

Output of CECIL WG Edit

The WG developed a package with proposals, which consists of three "tools": The CIMIC situation report itself, the CIMIC tracking system and a standardised commander's update.

ISAF CJ9 and JFC Brunssum J9 have used this CIMIC situation report on a weekly base since February 2007 the regional commands will be introduced to the new reporting system soon. The topic was already briefed at NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany, in the new CIMIC staff officer's course.

Summary Edit

"This CECIL-tool is ideal for the CIMIC branches to manage their information which assists to stabilize the mission area. Information sharing through one database is essential for civilian and military partners." [ This quote needs a citation ] CECIL is designed to focus on the most important issues. The Afghan Country Stability Picture gives operators at all levels the relevant facts in an efficient and convenient package.

The output of the working group so far is quite promising. The working group will be mandated for another year to continue working on the new established CIMIC information-sharing platform.


Civil-military cooperation (CIMIC) refers to the interaction between NATO-led forces and civil actors in Alliance-led operations.

Civil Military Overview / Civil Military Fusion Centre Edit

The Civil Military Overview (CMO) is an experimental portal supported by a dedicated information and knowledge management organization, the Civil Military Fusion Centre (CFC). Both are part of a development effort conducted by NATO Allied Command Transformation in consultation with various civil organizations. It is designed to improve interaction between civil and military actors. Through the CMO, NATO and its partners are exploring innovative ways to collect and disseminate all relevant civil and military information on Crisis Response Operations in order to begin creating a shared sense of situational awareness among the global community.


The Working Group CECIL was established to streamline the CIMIC reporting. CECIL (Coordinated, Effect Based, CIMIC Information Link) intends to assist any NATO CIMIC staff and focuses on the CIMIC challenges of the 21st century. The aim is to share CIMIC knowledge proactively in order to facilitate the job of CIMIC staff at all levels. For this purpose, the CECIL platform was created as a tool to disseminate CIMIC related information.


The Afghanistan Country Stability Picture (ACSP) project is an initiative led by NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to develop and maintain a comprehensive geographic database of reconstruction and development activities across Afghanistan. ACSP holds information about different Afghan national development strategy sectors such as education, good governance, health, agriculture and rural development, infrastructure and natural resources, private sector development, security, and social protection. The data held in the ACSP comes from several sources: the Government of Afghanistan (GOA), Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT), and international, governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGO). To provide efficient access to the ACSP data, NATO C3 agency developed a web map service. The ACSP web site can be used to consult and query the ACSP database over the internet. NATO, NGOs and the GOA can use it for optimization and monitoring of reconstruction efforts.

Sure, many people might find it a bit of a struggle to title a man who was responsible for millions of deaths as “great,” Roberts delivers an inspiring proposal as to why Napoleon deserves this name. Napoleon was a genius who strived to conquer the world and was considered a major over-achiever. If you are interested in learning about him, then this a book you will greatly enjoy.

Book reviews don’t often go viral, but the New York Time’s review of this book most certainly did, and for a very good reason. One of the most notable aspects of the book is that the author never draws a direct connection to Hitler with today’s modern-day politics. Instead, he simply outlines “how the rise of the fascist leader came to pass.” The book is extremely detailed and helps readers gain a better understanding of the myths behind how Hitler came into his power.

World War II Operations, Campaigns and Battles

This section of the history of World War II contains pages that focus on the most important battles and operations, events that will be long remembered from the war. For a day-by-day chronological listing of events, use the World War II Timeline. The page of World War II Maps will be helpful to follow the action. The page on Recommended Books about World War II provides sources for in-depth history as do books recommended on the pages for individual topics.

Watch the video: My Milsurp, Militaria, and Military History Book Collection (December 2021).