Information

Narcissus Flowers



Narcissus papyraceus

Narcissus papyraceus (from papyrus and aceus meaning paper-like [1] ), one of a few species known as paperwhite, is a perennial bulbous plant native to the Mediterranean region, from Greece to Portugal plus Morocco and Algeria. The species is considered naturalized in the Azores, Corsica, Texas, California and Louisiana. [2] The white flowers are borne in bunches and are strongly fragrant. It is frequently grown as a house plant, often forced to flower at Christmas.

Paperwhites are part of the genus Narcissus which includes plants known as daffodils.


Know Your Narcissus

Few flowers better signify the triumph of spring over winter than the narcissus, or daffodil. Perky, hardy and often delightfully fragrant, these flowers are a cheerful reminder that warmer weather is on the way.

Narcissus, Daffodil, Jonquil -- What&rsquos the Difference?
The correct Latin or scientific name for all types in this genus is Narcissus. In classical mythology, Narcissus was a handsome young hunter. His vanity made him unable to tear himself from his own reflection in a pool, causing him to ultimately waste away. The name possibly derives from the Greek &ldquonarke&rdquo or numbness, referring to the narcotic alkaloids contained within the plant.

Daffodil is a common and generic term for any narcissus. The word is a variant of the Middle English &ldquoaffodill&rdquo, from the Greek &ldquoasphodelos&rdquo, which is of unknown origin. No one knows for certain how the &ldquod&rdquo got in front of this word, but it was possibly the result of a merged article/noun in the Dutch &ldquode affodil&rdquo, since the Netherlands was a primary source of the bulb.

You may also hear people, particularly in the South, refer to Narcissus flowers as &ldquojonquils&rdquo. Technically, however, the &ldquojonquil&rdquo is just one Narcissus subgroup, the sweet-smelling N. jonquilla. From the French &ldquojonquille&rdquo, the word ultimately derives from the Latin &ldquojuncus&rdquo, meaning rush or reed, in reference to the plant&rsquos narrow leaves.

Narcissus Types
Every daffodil, from the tall to the small, is lovely. Besides the traditional yellow and gold, bloom colors can include white, cream, pink, apricot and orange. Unless you&rsquore planning on breeding or showing these flowers, distinguishing the type isn&rsquot critical. But learning about the wide variety of cultivars available may inspire you to add some diversity to your early spring garden next year. The American Daffodil Society structures the genus into 13 divisions:

Division 1 - Trumpet Narcissus
Probably no other narcissus better typifies the daffodil than the trumpets. These have a corona (the trumpet or cup part of the flower) equal to the length of the petals. Trumpet types and usually have fairly large bulbs and bear only one flower per stem. Classic favorites includes "King Alfred" (pictured left) and "Mount Hood". Zones 3-8 .
Division 2 - Large-Cupped Narcissus
Defined by the ratio of the corona to the petals, large-cupped varieties have trumpets measuring more than a third the length of the petals. These eye-catching beauties have only one flower to a stem. Varieties to try include "Ice Follies", "Flower Record" and "Professor Einstein" (pictured left). Zones 3-8.
Division 3 - Small-Cupped Narcissus
Also bearing only one flower to a stem, the small-cupped varieties have cups less than a third of the petal height. These spicy-scented, low-maintenance bulbs make excellent naturalizers. Beautiful "Barrett Browning" (pictured left) and "Dreamlight" are examples. Zones 3-8.
Diviision 4 - Double Narcissus
Fluffy and fancy, double daffodils don&rsquot have a distinct cup but instead are clustered. They often resemble camellias or roses. Most have more than one flower per stem. You might wish to try "Cheerfulness", "Yellow Cheerfulness" (pictured left), "Bridal Crown" or "White Lion". Zones 4-8.
Division 5 - Triandrus Narcissus
Triandrus daffodils are distinguished by their nodding heads and silky, reflexed petals. Plants usually have two or more flowers per stem. Delicate "Thalia" (pictured left) , "Hawera" and "Lemon Drops" are all triandrus types. Zones 4-9.
Division 6 - Cyclamineus Narcissus
The petals of the cyclamineus daffodils are dramatically swept back. The cups are straight and narrow, with a very short neck that lies at an acute angle to the stem. Each stem produces only one flower. These varieties make excellent subjects for forcing. They also accept more shade and moisture than most other types of daffodils. Hybrids include "February Gold", "Jack Snipe" and "Peeping Tom" (pictured left). Zones 4-9.
Division 7 - Jonquilla Narcissus
The jonquilla types are noted for a lovely fragrance and for having several flower heads per stem. The foliage is narrow and rush-like. N. jonquilla has a reputation for being more accepting of the heat found in Southern gardens. "Baby Moon" (pictured left), "Suzy" and "Quail" are well-known jonquilla. Zones 4-9.
Division 8 - Tazetta Narcissus
Fragrant tazettas are exceptionally short-cupped, with up to 20 flowers per stem. Petals are slightly crinkled with a rounded rather than pointed edge. Like the jonquilla types, tazetta daffodils work well for Southern gardeners. "Silver Chimes", "Minnow" (pictured left) and Avalanche" are examples. Zones 5-9.
Division 9 - Poeticus Narcissus
Also called the poet&rsquos or pheasant&rsquos eye daffodil, N. poeticus was one of the first to undergo cultivation. This variety is easy to identify because of the pure white petals contrasted with a small yellow cup bordered with red. The sweet, musky essential oil of this bloom is a popular ingredient in perfume. "Actaea" (pictured left) and "Angel Eyes" are two hybrids. Zones 3-7.
Division 10 - Bulbocodium Narcissus
Bulbodocium, or the hoop petticoat daffodil, features small flowers with relatively small petals and a cup shaped like a hoop skirt. The species form has led to a number of hybrids including "Golden Bells" (pictured left).
Division 11 - Split-Cupped Narcissus
Depending on their form, split-cut or split-corona daffodils can be divided into the sub-categories Collar or Papillon, or a combination of the two. The cups split into frilly segments of either two whorls of three or one whorl of six. "Lemon Beauty", "Sorbet" (pictured left) and "Pink Wonder" are among the split-cupped choices. Zones 4-8.
Division 12 - Miscellaneous Narcissus
The Miscellaneous group encompasses all the daffodils that don&rsquot fall into any particular category, or are inter-division hybrids. Don&rsquot let the lack of a defined category cause you to miss out on such charmers as "Tete-a-Tete" (pictured left).
Division 13 - Species Narcissus
The Species and Wild Variants category contains daffodils naturally occurring in the wild. Both bulbs and flowers of species types tend to be very small, and all naturalize well. An example is N. medioluteus, also called Two-Flower Narcissus or Twin Sisters (pictured left).

Narcissus Care
Plant these easy-care bulbs in a sunny, well-drained spot. Once blooming has finished, be patient with the foliage, since this is how the bulb stores up energy for next year&rsquos bloom. Don&rsquot cut the leaves back until they begin to shrivel and turn yellow. Interplanting your daffodils among larger perennials such as daylilies can help hide the bulb foliage during this period.

Photo Credits:
thumbnail by mercurous
DG photos courtesy of:
&ldquoKing Alfred&rdquo by Todd Boland
&ldquoProfessor Einstein&rdquo by orange_knickers
&ldquoBarrett Browning&rdquo by flowerfrenzy
&ldquoYellow Cheerfulness&rdquo by John Benoot
&ldquoThalia&rdquo by TBGDN
&ldquoPeeping Tom&rdquo by bmuller
&ldquoBaby Moon&rdquo by Gardening_Jim
&ldquoMinnow&rdquo by naturepatch
&ldquoActaea&rdquo by ladyrowan
N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus 'Golden Bells' by flowerfrenzy

&ldquoSorbet&rdquo by artemiss

&ldquoTete-a-Tete&rdquo by weezingreens

N. medioluteus by nick89



Narcissus The genus Narcissus is named for a beautiful youth who became so entranced with his own reflection that he pined away and the gods turned him into this flower. The best time to plant Narcissus bulbs is in the fall. Plant in groups of at least 6 to sweeping masses and they can be mixed with all varieties of other spring-flowering bulbs. You will be able to plant 10-12 bulbs per square foot planting them 2-3 inches apart, so consider that when making a purchase. Plant the bulbs 8 inches deep. The flowers follow the sun so consider this when planting and be sure to have any shaded areas toward the back of the bed. These plants grow best in full sunlight to PM only or AM only sun and, while drought tolerant, require moisture during the growing season. They are great for use in beds, borders, rock gardens, as fresh cut flowers, ground covers, and in woodland gardens. The fragrant flowers bloom anywhere from late winter to late spring, between December and May, for 2-3 weeks total. After the flowers have bloomed, the top portion of each flower stem may be removed as practicable to prevent seed formation, but foliage should not be cut back until it begins to yellow. They reproduce by offset bulblets and requires a warm (60 to 70F) - cool (32 to 40F) - warm (50 to 60F) annual thermoperiodic cycle. They can be injured at temperatures below 23 degrees F (-5C) when planted. Bulbs can be left undisturbed for a number of years. If bloom quality and quantity decline over time, clumps may be divided by digging just after the foliage dies back. The Narcissus genus has 13 divisions or shows or cultivar groups. Division I - Trumpet Narcissus Division II - Large-cupped Narcissus Division III - Small-cupped Narcissus Division IV - Double Narcissus Division V - Triandrus Narcissus Division VI - Cyclamineus Narcissus Division VII - Jonquilla Narcissus Division VIII - Tazetta Narcissus Division IX - Poeticus Narcissus Division X - Bulbocodium hybrids Division XI - Split Corona Narcissus Division XII - Miscellaneous Narcissus Division XIII - Species, Wild Variants and Wild hybrids Some varieties can be forced to bloom indoors in the winter. The bulbs are poisonous but only if large quantities are eaten. Insects Diseases and Other Plant Problems: No serious insects or diseases. Bulb rot may occur in wet soils. Quick ID Hints: Geophyte with flat or reed-like leaves Flowers with 6-parted perianth and projecting corona VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. A field of daffodils taken in Hurley Park, Salisbury, NC. Bethany Sinnot CC BY 2.0 Orange and yellow Narcissus flowers. Juni, Wikimedia CC BY 2.0 White Narcissus flowers. Juni, Wikimedia CC BY 2.0 Narcissus medioluteus with multiple flowers on one stalk. Meneerke bloem, Flickr CC BY 2.0 Narcissus pseudonarcissus capsule fruit and seeds. Muséum de Toulouse CC BY-SA 3.0 Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Double Daffodil in early spring in Moore County, NC Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Daffodil with double leaf in early spring in Moore County, NC Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Field (Alamance County,NC) Cathy Dewitt CC BY 4.0 Buds (Cabarrus County,NC)-Late Winter Hope Duckworth CC BY 4.0 Leaves (Cabarrus County, NC)-Late Winter Hope Duckworth CC BY 4.0 Form (Warren County,NC)-Early Spring Cathy Dewitt CC BY 4.0 Flowers 'Hawera' Cathy Dewitt CC BY 4.0 Flower and Foliage Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 April Warren County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 Flower Bud Opening Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Flower close-up Warren County Cathy DeWitt CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Form Early March Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 Flower Opening March Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 Flowers March Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 Flowers Wake County Cathy DeWitt CC BY 4.0 Form 'Hawera' Cathy Dewitt CC BY 4.0 Form 'Hawera' Cathy Dewitt CC BY 4.0 Who Was Narcissus?

A person with narcissistic personality disorder has an extreme feeling of self-importance, a sense of entitlement, and a need to be admired. He is envious of others and expects them to be the same of him. He lacks empathy and readily lies and exploits others to achieve his aims. To others, he may seem self-absorbed, controlling, intolerant, selfish, or insensitive. If he feels obstructed or ridiculed, he can fly into a fit of destructive anger and revenge. Such a reaction is sometimes called ‘narcissistic rage’, and can have disastrous consequences for all those involved.

The Myth of Narcissus

Narcissistic personality disorder is, of course, named for the Greek myth of Narcissus. I’ve long been fascinated by this myth and its meaning—and I think I may finally have cracked it.

First, let’s remind ourselves of the myth. In Ovid’s version, the nymph Echo falls in love with Narcissus, a youth of extraordinary beauty. As a child, Narcissus had been prophesied by Teiresias, the blind prophet of Thebes, to ‘live to a ripe old age, as long as he never knows himself’.

One day, Echo followed Narcissus through the woods as he hunted for stags. She longed to speak to him but dared not utter the first word. Overhearing her footsteps, the youth cried out, ‘Who’s there?’ to which she responded, ‘Who’s there?’ When at last she revealed herself, she leapt to embrace Narcissus, but he scorned her and cast her off. Echo spent the rest of her days pining for Narcissus, and slowly withered away until there was nothing left of her but her voice.

Some time after his encounter with Echo, Narcissus went to quench his thirst at a pool of water. Seeing his own image in the water, he fell in love with it. But each time he bent down to kiss it, it seemed to disappear. Narcissus grew ever more thirsty but would not leave or disturb the pool of water for fear of losing sight of his fine features. In the end, he died of thirst, and there, on that very spot, appeared the narcissus flower, with its bright face and bowed neck.

Interpretation

So what could this myth mean? On one level, it is an admonition to treat others as we would ourself be treated—and in particular to be considerate in responding to the affections of others, which, as with Echo, are often so raw and visceral as to be existential. Poor Echo had no self and no being outside of Narcissus, and after being rejected by him ‘slowly withered away until there was nothing left of her but her voice’. Even her voice, the only thing that remained of her, was his rather than her own.

On another level, the myth is a warning against vanity and self-love. Sometimes we get so caught up in our being, in our ego [Latin, ‘I am’], that we lose sight of the bigger picture and, as a result, pass over the beauty and bounty that is life. Paradoxically, by being too wrapped up in our self, we actually restrict our range of perception and action and, ultimately, our potential as human beings. And so, in some sense, we kill ourself, like so many ambitious or self-centred people. Treating other people badly, as Narcissus did, is a sure sign of still being trapped in our self.

Teiresias prophesied that Narcissus would ‘live to a ripe old age, as long as he never knows himself ’, because to truly know ourself is also to know that there is nothing to know. Our self, our ego, is nothing but an illusion, nothing more substantial than the unstable reflection that Narcissus tried in vain to kiss. Ultimately, Narcissus’s ego boundaries dissolved in death, and he merged back into creation in the form of a flower—the daffodil, which, like us, flowers too early and too briefly, and sometimes too brashly, if it flowers at all.

Echo had not enough ego, and Narcissus far too much. The key is to find the right and dynamic equilibrium, to be secure in our self and yet to be able to dissociate from the envelope that we happen to have been born into.

In Greek myth, the hero—Æneas, Heracles, Odysseus, Orpheus, Theseus—has to die and travel through the underworld before re-emerging as a hero. He has to conquer himself, to die to himself, to become more than merely human.


Daffodil

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Daffodil, (Narcissus pseudonarcissus), also called common daffodil or trumpet narcissus, bulb-forming plant in the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), widely cultivated for its trumpetlike flowers. Daffodils are native to northern Europe and are grown in temperate climates around the world. The daffodil’s popularity has resulted in the production of many varieties in addition to the classic yellow form, the trumpet and petals may themselves be of contrasting yellow, white, pink, or orange.

The daffodil is a perennial and grows to about 41 cm (16 inches) in height. Each plant features five or six linear leaves that grow from the bulb and are about 30 cm (12 inches) long. The stem bears one large yellow blossom with a corolla deeply cleft into six lobes and a central bell-shaped crown, or corona, that is frilled at its edges. This trumpet shape contains the stamens and is the flower’s most conspicuous feature.


A Brief History of Narcissism

Narcissism is all the rage these days. Everyone wants to understand more about narcissistic personalities–how to get along with them or how to avoid them. Narcissism now has many subtypes: the idealizing, grandiose, and mirroring narcissists that Kohut named in the 1970s arising from his work with narcissistic transferences, as well as new types of narcissists that seem to pop up every day. Examples of these are pro-social, anti-social, malignant, exhibitionist and vulnerable.

Narcissistic personality disorder has become a more and more typical diagnosis. In 1979, social critic Christopher Lasch wrote The Culture of Narcissism, arguing that what was once viewed as narcissistic personality disorder had become typical of American society as a whole.

Narcissism has a long history, stretching back to ancient Greece but made famous by a Roman poet. The earliest reference to Narcissus in Western literature is a mention of the Narcissus flower. The Greek poet Homer tells us that it was the seductive charm of the narcissus flower which tempted the young girl Persephone and thrust her into hell.

A later reference to Narcissus as a mythical character (and a flower) is much more well-known. In the first century A.D., the Roman poet Ovid made Narcissus the star of an unhappy and ill-fated love story in his epic poem The Metamorphoses. In Ovid's tale, Narcissus is a much-pursued handsome adolescent boy who, because of his "cold pride," does not return the love of anyone who wants to get close to him.

Concerned about her son, Narcissus' mother Liriope, took him to a therapist–in those days the blind visionary Tiresias. Tiresias became blind because he unwittingly got tangled in his clients' marriage problem. He interfered in a marital quarrel of the powerful gods Jove and Juno. Tiresias sided with Jove, and the angry Juno took away his sight.

In compensation for the loss of his vision, Jove rewarded the blind therapist with the power of seeing the future. Concerned about her self-involved son, Liriope asked Tiresias what the future held for Narcissus. Would he live a long life?

Tiresias answered her in a riddle, as prophets and soothsayers often did in ancient times. He said Narcissus would live a long life "if he did not come to know himself." When Narcissus reached the age of sixteen, the therapist's prophecy was borne out. One day when he wandered too far into a forest, he is spied by the shy wood nymph Echo. Another object of Juno's wrath (that's another story), Echo had a speech problem. She could only repeat words that others spoke to her. She spent some time echoing Narcissus in the woods, but when she approached him in person the boy fled for his life. As long she merely mirrored him, Narcissus could tolerate Echo but when she appeared and wanted his love in return, the young Narcissus fled forthwith.

All this rejecting of his would-be lovers brought on some negative energy toward Narcissus. One of his rejected lovers (this time a male) prayed to the goddess Nemesis for revenge. He asked the goddess that Narcissus fall in love but never possess the object of his love. Nemesis perceives this request as just and leads Narcissus to the pool where he falls in love with his own god-like image. Looking at his image in water, Narcissus pines away from unrequited love, and metamorphoses into a white flower.

An astute psychologist as well as a poet, Ovid sets forth the basic themes of narcissism: the narcissist's inability to love another person except insofar as the other reflects himself, grandiosity, need for mirroring and lack of empathy.

Freud, who took ancient myths seriously, believed that myths like Oedipus and Narcissus illustrated themes deep in the human psyche. He thought that narcissism was a stage of development ("primary narcissism") when the infant was aware of others only as an extension of himself. According to Freud, some people get stuck at this early stage and remain narcissists, unable to truly love another person as separate from themselves.

THE BASICS

In the Freudian tradition, psychoanalyst Alice Miller made famous the concept of the narcissistic mother who is able to experience her child only as an extension of herself. As I describe in a previous article, in Miller's book, The Drama of the Gifted Child, she describes the damage that a narcissistic mother does to her child.

Kohut, who broke from Freudian psychoanalysis to originate self-psychology, became aware of narcissism as a flaw in his patients' ability to make a traditional transference. Some of his patients experienced him not as a separate person, but only as a reflection of themselves. Kohut attributed this to inadequate parenting ("mother absence") and lack of stimulation in early childhood.


What’s the Difference Between Daffodils, Jonquils, and Buttercups?


Common daffodils have single blossoms and flat, strappy leaves.

Throughout my life, I’ve heard those yellow spring bulbs referred to as daffodils, jonquils, narcissus, and buttercups. Is there a difference, or are they all names for the same plant?” -Shelley

In different regions, you will hear all four terms – sometimes incorrectly – used to refer to the happy yellow flowers that lead the way for spring. There are some differences, though. Here’s a guide to help you name your plants correctly:


Paperwhite Narcissus


Daffodil

  • Daffodil: This is the official common name for ANY of the plants that fall into the genus Narcissus. So, if the plant is considered a Narcissus, it is also considered a daffodil as well. However, most people use the term “daffodil” when referring to the large, trumpet-shaped flowers of the Narcissus pseudonarcissus. These are those big, showy, familiar bulbs that bloom in spring that we all know and love.


Jonquil

  • Jonquil: This term actually refers to a specific type of daffodil known as Narcissus jonquilla, although the name is often used as a more general term for daffodils in certain parts of the country. They are most easily identified by their dark green, tube-shaped leaves as compared to other types of daffodils which have flat leaves. Jonquils also tend to have clusters of several flowers, instead of just one bloom, along with a strong scent.


Buttercup

  • Buttercup: This is actually an incorrect term when referring to daffodils or Narcissus bulbs of any kind. Buttercups are a totally different flower (Ranunculus sp.) that consist of an herbaceous perennial (that can also be an annual) that has small yellow or white flowers with five separate petals. Buttercups also flower in the spring, though they may continue to bloom throughout the summer.

Further Information

For more information, go to the American Daffodil Society website.

Individual profiles of each type of plant can be found on the U.S. Department of Agriculture website:

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28 COMMENTS

Have always wondered what the difference between the jonquil and daffodil was, thanks, now I know, and can pass it on to others who want to know.

Julie
How can you tell the difference between a jonquil and a daffodil bulb when there is no foliage?
Sheryl

This is the best explanation I’ve seen about the differences between DAFFODILS and JONQUILS. Thank you.

Thank you for your thorough explanation with photos. I have been calling my little flower out front jonquils when they came up this year, but I decided to look for a sure answer. You answer did it — and they ARE jonquils. They are not daffodils!! Now I know for sure!!

Thank you! This was very helpful in a debate. Many Tennessee folks refer to jonquil as buttercups and I (former Michigander) was sure they were daffodil. I take a small comfort in knowing at least I was within the species!

My daffodils did not bloom this year. What do I do?
Mike

this is probably the fifth or sixth time over the past few years that i tried to learn the difference and it the first time i have been satisfied with the results

Hi, I was wondering why my Buttercups didn’t bloom this year. Even in the past few years they haven’t bloomed very well. Also, I was wondering if it is a good idea to plant Hyacinths and Gladiolus together? And if it is,is there a planting arrangement you could give me. I am a first-timer in the gardening business and I need help. lol

I have been calling daffodils jonquils for the longest time. I never knew that a single flower was the daffodil and multi-flowers is a jonquil. Hope I got that right. Thanks for the information.

Thank you so much for helping me identify the early spring flowers I found blooming at our new home in western NC. They are a beautiful and pleasant surprise! After moving in December, I’m sure we’ll find many more perinials as the weather changes. We are currently having an extremely cold snap with snow and temps dropping to the single digits over the next week!! Is there anything I can do to protect these early bloomers from the bitter cold and snow? I appreciate your guidance!

I have enjoyed your article so much! Thank you for breaking it down the way you did. Jonquils are my favorites, followed almost at a tie by Double Daffodils that my little brother dubbed “Butter and Egg” flowers when we were young. I’m sharing your link on my latest blog post at http://www.cindychandlerpye.com/blog so others can enjoy your article.

Cindy,
Thanks! Glad you enjoyed our article.

My jonquils (they are!) have traveled. Each time they moved
they left “children” behind:
Louisville, KY: ?? – 1943 & on
St. Matthews, KY: 1943 – 1967 and on…
Macedonia, OH 1967 – 1980 and on …
Macedonia, OH (house #2) 1980 thru now….
Three moves and 72yrs of history.
John

I have transplanted jonquils from old house sites in the country to my house. They were yellow at the old site but they are coming up white at my house. Can you explain this please?

‘Round here they are all jonquils. We like to enjoy them while we sit on the veranda eating our butter beans and grits.

Thanks so much ! I too have been searching for an answer that explains the early daffodil flower that is naturalized in our wooded setting. They are smaller and come up on the heals of my crocus. I called them jonquils so people wouldn’t confuse them with the larger hybred varieties. My bad ?. I will be looking for jonquils now, especially for their fragrance ? and to quench my curiosity !

I am answering the question about flowers planted that were yellow and then finding white ones in their place coming up. My answer is the same about all flowers: If the flower sets seeds as the result of reproductive parts mixing two different flowers by sending the pollen of one to the ovule of another, the seed when planted or sown naturally, may produce a new hybrid. That means the flower may be different in color and eventually replace the original.
When a bright color which is not dominant in the genetic make-up, is one of the parents, the more common color may be produced. A hybrid will not be the same for every seed, as the seeds can have any mix of parental genes. Most hybrids that are in hot demand were produced by expensive means and may not be as hardy as the old original parents, which when left on their own may produce so many inferior colors but hardy plants that they crowd out the preferred choices. Good example: phlox, although some of the new ones produced by themselves may be lovely, they are not the same as the originals. If you want a clone of the original plant with the same qualities and attributes, take a cutting. That is easier with some plants than others and I have never taken a cutting of a daffodil. However, it is very easy to tear the clump of desirable daffodils apart and plant all the little bulbs which will come up and be exactly like the original ones.

in tennessee everything is a buttercup. daffodil and buttercups are synonymous. i’m unhappy that you think we are ALL wrong.

Buttercups are those nasty little yellow flowers that take over an overgrazed pasture. Not even goats will eat them.

Grew up with jonquils on the north side of my grandmother’s house. Clumps of them all along a 10′ x 20′ path. Wanted to go dig some up for my house, but the site is unaccessible. Where can I find jonquil bulbs?

I have 2 beds of jonquils that I separated and replanted. Do they require acid or neutral soil? Would it be ok to cover with pine needles for winter protection? Thanks.
John

I never knew the difference either and it really doesn’t matter, I love them all?

Do jonquils or buttercups have roots or bulbs? I transplanted something that I believe to be jonquils from an old home site but my husband thinks they are weeds??

Love both , don’t care the name aallare pretty

Some of these comments are absolutely silly. 1st off we were taught while very young to show respect to the beautiful buttercups and jack in the pulpit. These flowers grow in damp areas, ditches, filling in swamps,etc…THEY ARE PROTECTED BY LAW, THEY ARE ENDANGERED. I do so love them and when my Daddy was dying, I picked him a bouquet, I stopped at 3 different areas so that I would not destroy that particular area. I own a part of an old filling in swamp. Swamps are protected wetlands, and were taken over by the gov. many years ago. They have to be filled in to a certain extent before they can be sold. I grew up with snow bells, daffodils, narcissus , jonquils and paper whites in our front yard. We kids were always glad to see them, soon we could go outside to play. We called the larger flowered ones with single flower and sometimes 2 colors jonquils and narcissus, the smaller yellow ones with multi flowers daffodils. sounds like someone needs to get the old encyclopedia out and study. They are all beautiful. Also, I have never seen a field with invasive yellow flowers. I live in the country.

How can you tell the difference between a daffodil (yellow) and a paperwhite (white) when you just have the bulb and no foliage?


The History of Daffodil and It’s Symbolism

The origin of daffodils is not yet known, but there is proof that daffodils already existed during ancient times. But during this time, the flower was called the Narcissus plant.

According to an ancient Greek legend, Narcissus was a hunter who was known for his enthralling beauty. When he saw his reflection in a pool, he became so enamored with his reflection and refused to leave the place where he sat.

After realizing that only he could love himself, his burning passion caused him to melt away. In his place, there then stood a beautiful flower that had a slender stalk that allowed it to bend over and marvel at its reflection. The people then referred to it as the Narcissus plant.

In another version of the legend, Narcissus was punished by Nemesis, the goddess of revenge. In the story, Narcissus was admired by many but he kept pushing them away. Nemesis didn’t like how Narcissus treated people, so she decided to lure him into a pool.

Once Narcissus sat by the pool’s edge, he saw his reflection and fell deeply in love with it. When he realized that the reflection was himself, he became so distraught by the fact that no one will love him as much as he loves himself.

As a result, Narcissus committed suicide. On the ground where his body once lay then grew the most beautiful flower they had ever seen. It was then named after Narcissus.


12 Things to Know about Daffodils

Study up on some rare daffodil factoids that will leave your friends gaping over knowledge of these lovable yellow and white flowers.

  1. A daffodil and Narcissus are the same flower. Narcissus is actually the Latin or botanical name for the daffodil, which is the common name.
  2. Not all yellow daffodils are jonquils. Jonquils are specific types of narcissus that have smaller, fragrant, clustered blooms. In short, they are the daintier flowers.
  3. All Narcissus have the same flower structure. Each bloom has a perianth (six outer petal-like pieces) that surrounds a central corona (the trumpet like thing at the center) and most reach to be 1 to 1½ feet tall.
  4. There are between 40 and 200 different daffodil species with over 25,000 hybrids registered divided between a 13 part daffodil classification system.
  5. Daffodils are some of the easiest flowers to grow and naturally regenerate year after year.
  6. Daffodils are one of the first flowers to pop up every year. The further South you go, the sooner you will see them. Sometimes you&aposll see them in early February!
  7. Unlike most other bulbs, squirrels and other pests don&apost eat daffodil bulbs because of poisonous crystals in the bulbs and leaves.
  8. Don&apost cut daffodil leaves immediately. The plant needs them to rebuild its bulb for the next year. Wait until they turn yellow to cut them.
  9. Low maintenance and cold hardy, daffodils grow as far north as the Canadian border, but they don&apost grow in Florida. Daffodils need a cold frost for flower bud intiation.
  10. Daffodil enthusiasts, aka, the passionate daffodil gardeners call themselves "the narcissus people" and are considered the sci-fi nerds of the flower world. There are four national daffodil judging "schools" where one can begin the intensive process of becoming an accredited daffodil judge.
  11. The American Daffodil Society was formed in 1954. Several state and regional specific daffodil societies formed afterwards but many have shuttered recently. Which is why you should find and support your local daffodil chapter.
  12. The daffodil is not the state flower for any of the 50 US states.

See what the Grumpy Gardener thinks about the daffodil. He knows everything there is to know about these flowers.


Watch the video: Narcissus flower HD1080p (December 2021).