327th Fighter Group (USAAF)
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The 327th Fighter Group was a training group that served with the First Air Force in the US from 1942 until 1944.
The group was constituted on 24 June 1942 and activated on 25 August 1942. It joined the First Air Force where it was used as an operational training unit for the P-40 and part of the air defences of the north-east.
In February 1943 the P-40s were replaced with P-47s. In 1944 the group began to work as a replacement training unit, training individual pilots to fill gaps in existing units.
The group was disbanded on 10 April 1944 as the USAAF changed its training system from one based on standard units to one based on units organised around individual training bases.
1943-Feb 1943: Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
Feb 1943-April 1944: Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
|24 June 1942||Constituted as 327th Fighter Group|
|25 August 1942||Activated and joined First Air Force|
|10 April 1944||Disbanded|
Commanders (with date of appointment)
Col Nelson P Jackson:unkn
Lt Col Frederick J Nelander: unkn
Mitchal Field, NY: 25 Aug1942
Philadelphia Mun Aprt, Pa: 27 Aug1942
Richmond AAB, Va: c. 22 Sept1942-10 Apr 1944
August-September 1942: Philadephia Fighter Wing; I Fighter Command; First Air Force
- Established as: 327th Fighter Group on 24 Jun 1942
- Established as 520th Air Defense Group on 16 Feb 1953
- Reconstituted and redesignated 327th Fighter Group (Air Defense), on 20 Jun 1955
- , 10 Oct 1957-25 Jul 1960 , 25 Aug 1942-10 Apr 1944 18 Aug 1955-15 Oct 1957 , 25 Aug 1942-10 Apr 1944 , 25 Aug 1942-10 Apr 1944 , 25 Aug 1942-10 Apr 1944 18 Aug 1955-1 Apr 1966
- , 24 Feb 1943-10 Apr 1944
Activated and assigned to I Fighter Command in mid-1942. Became part of the air defense force in the upper Mid-Atlantic region, and also served as an operational training unit, using P-40 Warhawks until Feb 1943 when they were replaced by P-47 Thunderbolts. In 1944 began training replacement pilots for combat duty. Disbanded on 10 Apr 1944.
Activated as part of Air Defense Command Central Air Defense Force in 1955, being assigned for air defense of Great Lakes area. Inactivated in April 1966 when its controlling 30th Air Division was moved to Sioux City airport, Iowa as part of an ADC reorganization.