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Battle of Jingzing, 205 BC


Battle of Jingzing, 205 BC

The battle of Jingzing (205) BC was one of a number of unusual victories won by Han Xin, one of the most able supporters of Liu Bang, the founder the Han Dynasty (Chu-Han Contention).

In the aftermath of his defeat at Pengchang (205 BC) Liu Bang found a number of his supporters changed their minds. Chen Yu, premier of Zhao (and king of Dai), was one of them. Han Xin, having subdued Wei, asked for and was granted permission to move against Zhao. As the Han army advanced Chen Yu moved his force of around 200,000 men into a strong position in the Jingxing Pass.

Han Xin decided to try and lure the Zhao army out of this position. A party of 2,000 men were sent into the mountains to find a position that overlooked the Zhao army. Han Xin then led 10,000 troops into the gorge while the rest of his army took up a position with the Jinman River to their rear. Chen Yu was unable to resist this tempting target, and ordered his men out of their camp.

Han Xin allowed the battle to go on for a convincing length of time, and then ordered his men to make a feigned retreat, abandoning their banners and drums. The Zhao troops left to guard the camp fell for this trick, and joined in the pursuit, leaving the camp empty. The 2,000 men in the mountains took their chance to occupy the camp and replace the Zhao flags with red Han flags.

Meanwhile Han Xin had retreated back to the main part of the army, and a fierce battle developed close to the river. With no way to retreat the Han troops resisted until the Zhao commanders gave up and decided to retire back to their camps. When they saw the enemy flags flying over the camp, many in the army assumed that King Zhao Xie or Chen Yu had been killed or captured and began to desert. At this point the Han attacked from the front and rear, inflicting a heavy defeat on the disorganised Zhao army. Chen Yu was killed in the battle, while Zhao Xie was captured. He was replaced as king of Zhao by Zhang Er, one of Liu Bang’s supporters.


Qin's wars of unification

Qin's wars of unification were a series of military campaigns conducted in the late 3rd century BC by the Qin state against the other six major states (Han, Zhao, Yan, Wei, Chu, Qi) in the territories that later became China. By the end of the wars in 221 BC, Qin had unified most of these states and also conquered some lands south of the Yangtze River. The territories annexed by the Qin became the homeland of the Chinese nation and formed the basis of the Qin Dynasty.


The Great Captains of History - How Many Battles?

I think it's fine, and Kudos for adding Vermina's defeat too.

Scipio's defeat, it can be argued either way imo. He did end up withdrawing at 1st Utica, but that was before any major engagement.

And I totally agree that Utica was only a "defeat" in a very technical sense.

DiocletianIsBetterThanYou

The Military Career of Han Xin

Conquest of the Three Qins (Guanzhong)
206 BC: Conquest of Gudao
Action at Sanguan Pass
Conquest of Chencang
Battle of Chencang
Conquest of Haozhi

Defense of the Central Plain
205: Battle of Jingsuo

Final Defeat of Zhang Han
206-205: Conquest of Feiqiu

Conquest of Wei
205: Battle of Anyi
Battle of Pingyang

Conquest of Dai
205: Battle of Wuxian

Conquest of Zhao
205: Battle of Jingxing
204:

5(?) Engagements against Zhao cities and Chu armies (Sima Qian, Biography of Han Xin: 'Chu from time to time sent surprise forces across the Yellow River to attack Zhao, but Zhang Er and Han Xin, by moving back and forth through the area, were able to save Zhao, step by step gain control of its cities, and eventually dispatch a force of troops to aid the king of Han. ' Kuai Che, speaking to Han Xin in reference to the Wei, Dai and Zhao campaigns, from the Biography of Han Xin: 'You have fought tenaciously for more than a year and have taken about fifty cities so far.' Kuai Che does not mean that Han Xin conducted 50 different seiges, but since the Wei campaign was September 205, Dai was October and Jingxing was November, the statement implies that Han Xin continued to campaign in Zhao and had to campaign there for much longer than he did in Dai and Wei. The fact that he wouldn't invade Qi until October 204 implies similar.)

Conquest of Qi
204: Battle of Lixia
Conquest of Linzi
Battle of the Wei River
203: Conquest of Chengyang

Conquest of Chu (Final Defeat of Xiang Yu)
203: A likely engagement prior to the Treaty of Hong Canal (we know that Han Xin had begun to attack Chu from the north when Xiang Yu sued for peace with Liu Bang)
Battle of Gaixia
202: Conquest of Lu

Summary:
Total engagements fought:

23?
Defeats: 0
Indecisive: 0
Win rate: 100%

Sources: Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian The Book of Han Hing Ming Hung, The Road to the Throne: How Liu Bang Founded China's Han Dynasty Documentary: 5000 Years of Heroes: Han Xin.


China’s supply chain threat to U.S. national security

Posted On May 04, 2020 21:05:14

“You can’t get a product. You are not going to get a product for months.” That’s what Brian Edwards, a medical supplier in California, has been telling dozens of people per day when they call searching for critical medical supplies that, before this year, they took for granted would be in stock.

The Chinese government’s mismanagement of the novel coronavirus not only spread the virus worldwide, it shut down many supply chains that the U.S. and other countries had become accustomed to indeed, that the U.S. deeply relied upon. As we consider how our post-pandemic country will look, we should be careful to avoid a repeat of these mistakes.

U.S. dependence on Chinese manufacturing was no accident. The Chinese government’s “Made in China 2025” strategy to consolidate manufacturing supply chains and impose itself as the world’s preeminent source of high-value manufactured goods has been well-known for years. While we have neglected to safeguard our industrial base, Beijing was aggressively subsidizing its country’s manufacturing plants and creating supply chains that maximized its economic and geopolitical leverage.

Some of my colleagues and I have worked the White House and the Department of Defense in the last two years to restrict purchases of Chinese-manufactured critical materials for use in U.S. military systems, and the Federal Communications Commission and other agencies have taken the first steps to stop Huawei and related entities from dominating next-generation communications hardware. But the COVID-19 crisis demonstrates that a broader approach is needed.

The U.S. government should develop better, near-real-time insight into supply chains. Occasional reviews of individual supply chains create blind spots that major crises will reach unexpectedly. With the tools that are out there, it should be easier than ever for the government and its critical suppliers to share data to provide resiliency and security.

The government also needs to take the lead in maintaining and expanding critical American supply capabilities. It will be crucial to prevent the pennies-on-the-dollar purchase of distressed American assets during or immediately after the pandemic by firms linked to the Chinese government. This includes many major Chinese firms (such as Huawei). The country that knowingly took steps that allowed the disease to spread worldwide should not be allowed to financially benefit from those decisions.

At the same time, the government should ensure that American businesses get the liquidity and capital they need to maintain and expand critical supply chains within the United States. This can be done through direct investment into manufacturing plants, but it could also be done by making purchase agreements and building national stockpiles of needed supplies. The much-discussed Defense Production Act allows the federal government to both expand and ensure manufacturing capabilities, and the billion that Congress provided to the DPA program in the CARES Act should be promptly supplemented with the direction that the government identify gaps and fragile sectors of supply chains and build capacity to bulwark them against future crises.

Though the current focus is, deservedly, on China, we should not think that there are no other foreign countries that seek to identify, develop, and exploit critical gaps in U.S. supply chains. Russia has always been a leader in the production of critical defense materials and a known bad actor on the global stage. Indian companies are routinely cited by U.S. authorities for dumping materials in critical and noncritical sectors of the economy. As we have seen recently with everything from thermometers to toilet paper, though, the supply chains that we rely on for our normal lives can be stressed in any number of ways.

A strong national approach to securing our manufacturing base is a necessary step for security and prosperity. The federal government is the only entity both large enough and focused enough to lead this effort. Congress should, therefore, act quickly, as soon as the next stimulus bill, to establish a supply chain monitoring and investment framework that will get America back to work and provide for a cohesive and united future.

This article originally appeared on Real Clear Defense. Follow @RCDefense on Twitter.


Zang was originally a military general serving under Han Guang, king of Yan. Around 207 BC, when rebellions broke out all over China to overthrow the qin dynasty, Zang was sent to lead an army to assist the Zhao rebel forces, which were under attack by the Qin army led by Zhang Han. Following the defeat of Qin forces at the Battle of Julu, Zang joined the coalition rebel army under the command of Xiang Yu of Chu, and followed Xiang as they fought their way to Xianyang, capital city of Qin.

In 206 BC, after the fall of the qin dynasty, Xiang Yu divided the former Qin Empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms and appointed Zang as King of Yan. Part of the former Yan kingdom was granted to Han Guang, who was appointed by Xiang as King of Liaodong. Zang returned to Yan and attempted to force Han to move to his allocated fief, but the latter refused to comply. As a result, Zang attacked Han and killed him at Wuzhong, thereby becoming king of a united Yan kingdom.

In 204 BC, after his victory against Zhao at the Battle of Jingxing, Han Xin followed Li Zuojun's advice and sent a messenger to Zang, asking Zang to submit to Liu Bang. Zang agreed. In 202 BC, Liu defeated Xiang Yu and unified China under his rule, proclaiming himself Emperor Gaozu of the han dynasty. Zang became a vassal of Gaozu and retained his fief and title of King of Yan. Later that year, Zang rebelled against Gaozu, invading and capturing territory in Dai. Gaozu personally led an army to suppress the rebellion. Zang was defeated in battle and captured. He refused to surrender and was executed on Gaozu's orders.


Battle Of Mingtiao

KEY TOPICS
KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS The Shang army then fought Jie's forces in the Battle of Mingtiao, in a heavy thunder storm, and defeated the Xia army. [1] Tang was from the kingdom of Shang. in the kingdom of Shang who, around 1600 BCE, led a revolt against Jie and defeated his forces at the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] Around 1600 BC, rebel forces led by Tang decisively defeated the army of King Jie at the Battle of Mingtiao. [1]

Key events and figures: In Battle of Mingtiao Shang leader Tang defeated Jie tyrannical emperor. [1] Battle of Mingtiao In the 31st year of Jie's reign, Tang of Shang dispatched troops from Er (陑) to simultaneously attack Xia and Kunwu. [1] Sima Qian relates that the dynasty itself was founded 13 generations later, when Xies descendant Tang overthrew the impious and cruel final Xia ruler in the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] The end of the Xia is said to have come about as an outcome of the Battle of Mingtiao in 1600 BC. According to ancient facts, the dynasty ended around 1600 BC resulting from the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] According to historical texts, the dynasty ended in 1600 BC after the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] According to mythology, the dynasty ended around 1600 BC as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] In Qian's accounts, the dynasty was only founded about 13 generations later after Tang, who was the descendant of Xie, successfully defeated Xia's last and great ruler in the Mingtiao Battle. [1] At the Battle of Mingtiao, fought in the midst of a huge rainstorm of thunder and lighting, Tang defeated Jie. [1] It was at the Battle of Mingtiao, the Shang Dynasty fought againsy the forces of Jie, as the battle was fought during a thunderstorm and was defeated. [1] Excerpt: Battle of Mingtiao item Belligerents item Xia clan: Shang tribe item Commanders item Jie of Xia: Tang of Shang The Battle of Mingtiao was a battle between the Xia Dynasty and the Shang Dynasty. [1] Tang would attack Jies forces at the battle of mingtiao in 1600 BCE and decisively crush them, exiling Jie and ending the Xia dynasty. [1] The Xia dynasty was overthrown after the Battle of Mingtiao, around 1600 BCE, by Cheng Tang, who established the Shang dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BCE). [1] According to legend, the Shang Dynasty was founded afer the overthrow of the Xia by Cheng Tang during the battle of Mingtiao. [1] Xia is overthrown by Tang of Shang in the Battle of Mingtiao • c. 1600 BC : Unetice culture ends in. [1] BC • King Jie of Xia • Battle of Mingtiao • Shang Dynasty • Date • Ruler • Events •. [1] In the 31st year of his reign King Jie was deposed after his army was defeated at the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] Afterwards, they defeated Jie of Xia in the decisive Battle of Mingtiao. [1] Little is known about the Xias apart from their eventual downfall in 1600 BC, as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] This victory is known as the Battle of Mingtiao, fought during a thunderstorm. [1] The battle of Mingtiao was considered to be a more a mostly mythological battle between the Xia Dynasty and the Shang kingdom. [1] The battle of Mingtiao was a battle between the Xia dynasty and the Shang dynsaty and was in 1600BC. The Shang dynasty were victorious and claimed power of the throne of China. [1] The Battle of Mingtiao is a disputed battle that ended the Xia Dynasty and marked the beginning of the Shang Dynasty. [1] Its end happened due to the battle of Mingtiao which was decisively won by the shang dynasty. [1] According to mythology, the dynasty ended circa 1600 BCE as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao. [1] Battle of Mingtiao Main article : Battle of Mingtiao In the 31st year of Jie ' s reign. [1] Battle of Mingtiao (ca. 1600 B.C.) - When discussing the topic of the first recorded battle in history, the Battle of Mingtiao is rarely brought up. [1] I'd like to talk briefly about four battles -- which may or may not have occurred -- and 1 which likely did: the Battle of Mingtiao, the Battle of Banquan, and the Battle of Zhuolu. [1] Later we discuss the Battle of Mingtiao and the Battle of Muye. [1] The battle of Mingtiao marked the end of one of the first dynasties of China. [1] Xiajie army in battle of mingtiao cannot withstand a single blow, total defeat. [1] According to mythology, the last ruler of Xia Dynasty was Lu Gui (履癸), his reign ended in 1675 B.C. in Battle of Mingtiao. [1] Who dies of illness after running away from the crucial battle of Mingtiao. [1]

According to ancient facts, the dynasty ended around 1600 BC resulting from the Battle of Mingtiao. [2]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL He became a worse tyrant than Jie of the Xia Dynasty had been and was finally overthrown by King Wu, of the province of Zhou, at the Battle of Muye in 1046 BCE. Battle between the Xia Dynasty and the Shang Kingdom for control of the North China Plain. [1] He became a worse tyrant than Jie of the Xia Dynasty had been and was finally overthrown by King Wu, of the province of Zhou, at the Battle of Muye in 1046 BCE. This semi-mythological battle resulted in a Shang victory which created the circumstances for the Shang Dynasty to rule China. [1] He became a worse tyrant than Jie of the Xia Dynasty had been and was finally overthrown by King Wu, of the province of Zhou, at the Battle of Muye in 1046 BCE. The Battle of Muye was fought in c.1046 BCE in China.The battle led to the end of the Shang dynasty, and the beginning of the Zhou dynasty. [1]

Around the year 1046 BCE, King Wu, of the province of Zhou, rebelled against King Zhou of Shang and defeated his forces at the Battle of Muye, establishing the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046- 226 BCE). 1046-771 BCE marks the Western Zhou Period while 771-226 BCE marks the Eastern Zhou. [1] It was founded by Tang of Shang who overthrew the last ruler of the preceding Xia dynasty and came to an end after its last emperor Di Xin was defeated at the Battle of Muye by King Wu, founder of the succeeding Zhou dynasty. [1] Zhou dynasty ruled China during the iron age period of china and was the longest ruling dynasty of Chinese history, it ruled from 1066-256 BCE. The Zhou king Wu defeated the Shang king Di Xin in the battle of Muye and established their rule on china. [1] King Wu of Zhou tribe joined hands with neighboring dukes and destroyed Shang’s forces at the Battle of Muye in c. 1046 BC, leading to the end of Shang and the beginning of Zhou dynasty. [1] The end of the Shang came when King Wu, head of the Zhou, and the Duke of Zhou, is brother, defeated the Shang in what is known as the Battle of Muye. [1] Battle of Mue, Shang Emperor Zhou defeated by King Wu of Zhou. [1] Able to survive for 696 years after King Wu, who ruled west of the Shang, defeated them along side his brother in the Battle of Muye. [1] In what is known as the Battle of Muye, many Shang soldiers refused to fight the Zhou, some even joining the other side. [1] The Shang finally fell to the Zhou at the battle of Muye around 1046 B.C.E. Even though the last leader of the Shang failed, their way of government succeeded. [1]

After the battle was won, Jie of Xia sought shelter in Kuenwu, after conquering Kuenwu, Tang of Shang forced Jie into exile in Nanchao (present day Chao, Anhui ). [1] As the population increases, battles over territory begin. when a few tribes started rebeling agianst xia, Tang of shang was mad. he started to attack xia. upon hearing of Tangs rebellion je sent troops from sma her territories of Gu, Wei,Kuenwa. [1]

Battle between the Xia Dynasty and the Shang Kingdom for control of the North China Plain. [1] The great Battle of Mount Zemaraim was reported in the Bible to have been fought in Mount Zemaraim, when the army of the Kingdom of Israel led by the king Jeroboam I encountered the army of the Kingdom of Judah led by the king Abijah I. The Battle of Beicang (Peitsang), during the Boxer Rebellion, was fought August 5, 1900, between the Eight Nation Alliance and the Chinese army.The Chinese army was forced out of its prepared entrenchments and retreated to Yangcun. [1] The great Battle of Mount Zemaraim was reported in the Bible to have been fought in Mount Zemaraim, when the army of the Kingdom of Israel led by the king Jeroboam I encountered the army of the Kingdom of Judah led by the king Abijah I. Following the crushing Russian victory at the last battle of Shipka Pass, Russian commander Gen. Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko began to move southeast towards Constantinople. [1]

The Battle of Jingxing, also known as the Battle of Tao River, was fought in 205 BC between the army of Han, commanded by Han Xin and a Zhao army.The Zhao were led by Princes Zhao Xie of Zhao and Chen Yu, also known as the Lord of Cheng An, who was serving as Zhao Xie's prime minister. [1] The Battle of McDowell, also known as Sitlington's Hill, was fought May 8, 1862, in Highland County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. The Battle of Gaixia was fought in 202 BC during the Chu-Han Contention between the forces of Liu Bang and Xiang Yu. [1] The Battle of McDowell, also known as Sitlington's Hill, was fought May 8, 1862, in Highland County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. The Battle of Beicang (Peitsang), during the Boxer Rebellion, was fought August 5, 1900, between the Eight Nation Alliance and the Chinese army.The Chinese army was forced out of its prepared entrenchments and retreated to Yangcun. [1]

The Battle of Zhuolu (simplified Chinese: 涿鹿之战 traditional Chinese: 涿鹿之戰) was the second battle in the history of China as recorded in the Records of the Grand Historian, fought between the Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) and Chiyou. [1] Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor, shortly afterwards fought Chiyou at the Battle of Zhuolu. [1]

The Battle of Muye was fought in c.1046 BCE in China.The battle led to the end of the Shang dynasty, and the beginning of the Zhou dynasty. [1] The battle fought between the Xia Dynasty and the Shang Dynasty resulting in the Shang's victory to rule. [1] Traditional histories trace the development of the Xia to the legendary Three Sovereigns, according to ancient Chinese texts, before the Xia dynasty was established, battles were frequent between the Xia tribe and Chi Yous tribe. [1] The Battle of Banquan is credited for the formation of the Huaxia tribe, the basis of the Han Chinese civilization. [1] In prehistoric China, the tribes of Yellow Emperor rose to power on the plains of Guanzhong and merged with Yan Emperor's tribes following the battle of Banquan. [1] According to records, the Yellow Emperor's success led to the battle of Zhuolu between the Yanhuang tribes (led by the Yellow Emperor) and the Jiuli tribes (led by Chiyou.) [1] The Huaxia tribe then reacted by facing Chiyou in the Battle of Zhuolu, and emerged victorious. [1]

Pupils place themselves in the shoes of the Shang fighters at the Battle of Muye and they will take part in a debate about whether or not they should defect to the opposing army. [1] The army lost after his slaves betrayed him during the final battle between the Shang and the Zhou. [1] The leader of the tributary state named Wu would fight at the battle at Muye and win against Zhou. [1] The battle of Muye was what caused the Shang dynasty to come to an end. [1] Do you think you have a different answer for clue "Battle won by the Shang dynasty in China" ? Send it to us and your answer will be updated in the site if it is found to be accurate. [1] This semi-mythological battle resulted in a Shang victory which created the circumstances for the Shang Dynasty to rule China. [1] This semi-mythological battle resulted in a Shang victory which created the circumstances for the elevation of the Duke of Shang to the throne of China. [1]

At the Battle of Gaixia in 202 BCE, Liu-Bang's great general, Han-Xin, trapped and defeated the forces of Chu under Xiang-Yu and Liu-Bang was proclaimed emperor (known to posterity as Emperor Gaozu of Han). [1] In battle, he defeated another great leader, the Yan (Flame) Emperor, sometimes and for our purposes, the same person as Shennong, one of the three Sovereigns. [1]

King Zhao was defeated in battle with king of Chu on the south and was killed too. [1] It was a battle between the Puru Vedic Aryan tribal kingdoms of the Bharatas, allied with other tribes of the north west India, guided by the royal sage Vishvamitra, and the Trtsu-Bharata (Puru) king Sudas, who defeats other Vedic tribes. [1] Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces. 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg 13 December - Lee routs Burnside 1862 Battle of Kinston 14 December - Union forces under John G. Union forces destroy railroad 1864 Battle of Heligoland 9 May Danish sea victory over Austria. [1] Xiang-Yu, who had proven himself the most formidable opponent of the Qin, awarded Liu-Bang the title of `King of the Han' in recognition of Liu-Bang's decisive defeat of the Qin forces in the final battle. [1]

When the battle was over, Jie had fled and lived the rest of his life in exile, and a new dynasty was born. [1] After the battle was won, Jie of Xia sought shelter in Kuenwu. [3] They either surrendered or fled, as a result, the Shangs won the battle and set up the Shang dynasty. [1] Sima Qian, the greatest Chinese historian of antiquity, complied an extensive account of the Shang Dynasty in his Records of the Grand Historian and the Battle of Mintao is the story of its origin. [1] Traditional Chinese historiography places the battle in the 26th century BC, although the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project has suggested the traditional dates to be at least some two centuries too early for the remotest recorded periods. [1] The Battle of Chengpu (simplified Chinese: 城濮之战 traditional Chinese: 城濮之戰) took place in 632 BC between the State of Jin and the State of Chu and its allies during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. [1] The Battle of Banquan (simplified Chinese: 阪泉之战 traditional Chinese: 阪泉之戰 pinyin: Bǎn Quán Zhī Zhàn) is the first battle in Chinese history as recorded by Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian.It was fought by Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor, and Yandi, the Flame Emperor. [1] Both battles were fought not long apart, and on nearby plains, and both involved the Yellow Emperor. [1] After three major engagements, the Shennong forces lost the battle and made an alliance with the Yellow Emperor. [1] Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) 1921 Second Battle of Inonu 26-31 March - Turkish forces victorious. [1] A war sometimes consists of many battles, Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment. [1] Wars in Ancient China : There are major battles that took place during these pre-dynastic years in ancient China, and the Battle of Zhuolu and the Battle of Banquan are two. [1] Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning, German strategist Carl von Clausewitz stated that the employment of battles. [1]

England destroy the headquarters of the Narragansett during Metacoms or King Philips War. 1676 Battle of Agosta Draw between the French and Dutch navy. [1] The Battle of the Ten Kings is a battle alluded to in the Rigveda is the ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. [1] Toledo, Ohio band Gevudan performing the song "Battle of the Ten Kings" live at Centre Stage on 2-13-09. [1]

The battle was fought in Zhuolu, near the present-day border of Hebei and Liaoning. [1] The actual location of Banquan, where this battle was fought, is in dispute. [1] That "large" bronze age battle is a thousand years away from anyone writing about the location where it was fought. [1] They have fought in so many battles that it would take months to name them all. [1] Until the advent of artillery and aircraft, battles were fought with the two sides within sight, if not reach, of each other. [1]

The following is a list of Chinese wars and battles, organized by date. [1] The Yellow Emperor and the Yan Emperor were often credited for allowing the Han Chinese civilization to thrive due to the battle, and many Chinese people call themselves "descendants of Yan and Huang" (炎黃子孫) to this day. [1] After the battle, the Yellow Emperor established the Huaxia capital in Zhuolu. [1]

Should the battle have actually occurred, there was likely a deep fog and the deployment of technology (Yellow Emperor used a fancy contraption that always pointed south -- an early compass), resulting in a loss by Chiyou. [1] A battle may end in a Pyrrhic victory, which favors the defeated party. [1] At this time, philosophers began to travel around from court to court offering advice on everything from how to run the state, how to achieve victory in battle and how to achieve immortality. [1] Following the crushing Russian victory at the last battle of Shipka Pass, Russian commander Gen. Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko began to move southeast towards Constantinople. [1] "Kindermord bei Ypern" 1914 Battle of Penang 28 October - German victory. [1] Ottoman Empire captures the city of Baku 1918 Battle of Havrincourt 12 September - British victory. [1] Ottoman-held port of Moudros on the Island of Lemnos 1912 Battle of Sarantaporo 9 October - Greeks defeat Ottomans near Koritza 1912 Battle of Kumanovo 23 October - Serbians defeat Ottomans in N. Macedonia 1912 Battle of Kirk Kelesse 24 October - Bulgarians defeat Ottomans in E. Yoshihiro. 1564 Battle of Azukizaka Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the Ikkō-ikki. [1] Some of the Allied infantry who had just dealt a defeat to the French at the Battle of Waterloo fully expected to have to fight again the next day. [1] Guadalcanal, USS Hornet sunk, but Japanese withdraw victorious 1942 Operation Torch 8 November - Allied landings in North Africa 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal 12 November - U.S. defeats Japan. [1]

A brefe documentary on the first recorded battle in history of 23 bc of the Battle of Megddio. [1] Having said all of that, Ill suggest that there has been somewhere between a billion and a trillion battles in the course of human history. [1]

A series of battles including the battle of Maling in 341 BCE checked Weis ambitions while Qins expansion went largely unimpeded, boosting its economy, early strengthening of the state of Wei resulted from adoption of legalist reforms proposed by Li Kui. [1] Battle - A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. [1] Battles can be planned, encountered, or forced by one force on the other when the latter is unable to withdraw from combat, a battle always has as its purpose the reaching of a mission goal by use of military force. [1] In this video I explain the incidents surrounding the Battle of Lake Regillus between the forces of Appius Postumius and Titus Aebutius of the Romans and the Latins under the command of Octavius Mamilius. [1] The Battle of the Ulai River (called in modern times the Kerkha or Karkheh River), also known as the Battle of Til-Tuba, in c. [1] The battle took place during the middle or main Rigvedic period,near the Ravi River in Punjab. [1] Another possibility is that all three are correct, as both Confucius and Sima Qian appear to agree what took place was a series of three battles: three between Huangdi and Yandi, which was followed by another between Chiyou, against Huangdi and allied princes and lords. [1] That is all the battles that took place and the dynasties involved. [1] A battle in this sense may be of long duration and take place over a large area. [1]

Battles are decided by various factors, the number and quality of combatants and equipment, the skill of the commanders of each army, and the terrain advantages are among the most prominent factors. [1] In the U.S. Civil War Battle, the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, the battle made famous by the movie Glory, it looks to me like it was incredibly poorly planned. [1] The Battle of Philippopolis or Battle of Plovdiv was one of the final battles of the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War. [1] The means of prolonging a battle was typically by employment of siege warfare, improvements in transportation and the sudden evolving of trench warfare, with its siege-like nature during World War I in the 20th century, lengthened the duration of battles to days and weeks. [1] According to the Records of the Grand Historian, Qin Shi Huang worshiped Chi You as the God of War, and Liu Bangworshiped at Chi You's shrine before his decisive battle against Xiang Yu. [1] Because of his ferocity in battle, Chi You was also worshiped as a war deity in ancient China. [1] The problem with early battles and wars is that much of their events are shrouded in legend and mythology. [1] To achieve the object of war was the essence of strategy, where the duration of the battle is longer than a week, it is often for reasons of staff operational planning called an operation. [1]

The PDF file contains the full lesson plan and three activity sheets including the story of the Battle of Muye. [1] The situation leading up to the battle is described in 7.18.6: The Turvasas and Yaksus (Yadu), together with the Matsya tribe (punned upon by the rishi by comparing them to hungry fish (matsya) flocking together) appear and ally themselves with the Bhrigus and the Druhyus. [1] The armies of Youxiong, under the totems of the Bear (熊), the Brown Bear (羆), the Fox (貔), the Brave (貅), the Chū (貙), and the Tiger (虎) and the armies of Shennong met in Banquan in the first large-scale battle in Chinese history. [1] The Battle of Banquan may actually only refer to the third of a series of three battles. [1]

The term Battle of Hysiae refers to two battles at the ancient location of Hysiae, located to the southwest of Argos and east of Tegea. [1] Not much is known about this battle since it, along with other events of the era, are clouded by mythology. [1] Note: If a battle s name isn t known it s just referred to as Action of (date). [1]

Ancient China and Egypt have a two thousand year headstart when it comes to documented or mentioned battles. [1] The throne of China was the main cause of battles in Ancient China. [1]

These battles occurred around circa 1600 BCE, 2500 BCE, and 2500 BCE, respectively. [1]

The Shang army fought Jie's forces at Mingtiao (鳴條) in a heavy thunder storm and defeated Xia army. [1] Due to rebellions under the Xia dynasty Tang an nobleman of Shang openly started a revolt against the Xias and when both of them met face to face on the battlefield of Mingtiao most of the Xia soldiers either surrendered or fled due to the overwhelming power of the Shangs which led to the defeat of the Xias and establishment of new Shang dynasty in China. [1] Tang gave a speech, known historically as ' Tang's pledge ', before the two armies met in Mingtiao (present-day North Anyi, Xiyun ) around 1600 BC. Tang's generals and soldiers all abhorred Jie, so they fought bravely. [3] Hij zou Jie hebben verslagen in de Slag van Mingtiao ( 鳴 條 之 戰, mingtiao zhizhan ). [1]

Chr. • Schlacht von Mingtiao • Mingtiao • Shang - Dynastie besiegt Xia - Dynastie • 1046. [1]

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The battle was fought by Huangdi, the yellow Emperor and Yandi, the flame Emperor. [4] Battle A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. [5]

The Shang army fought Jies forces at Mingtiao in a thunder storm. [5]

The Battle of Beicang (Peitsang), during the Boxer Rebellion, was fought August 5, 1900, between the Eight Nation Alliance and the Chinese army.The Chinese army was forced out of its prepared entrenchments and retreated to Yangcun. [2] The Battle of McDowell, also known as Sitlington's Hill, was fought May 8, 1862, in Highland County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. [2]

Fu Jian suffered a disastrous shock defeat at the battle of Fei River. [2]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(5 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)


End of the war

In 203 BC, while Xiang Yu was retreating eastward, Liu Bang, acting on the advice of Zhang Liang and Chen Ping, renounced the Treaty of Hong Canal and ordered an attack on Western Chu. He also requested assistance from Han Xin and Peng Yue to attack Xiang Yu simultaneously from three directions. However, Han Xin and Peng Yue did not mobilise their troops and Liu Bang was defeated by Xiang Yu at Guling (固陵 south of present-day Taikang County, Zhoukou, Henan). Liu Bang retreated and reinforced his defences. At the same time, he sent messengers to meet Han Xin and Peng Yue again, and promised to give them land and titles if they joined him in attacking Xiang Yu.

Battle of Gaixia

Three months later, in 202 BC, Han forces led by Liu Bang, Han Xin and Peng Yue attacked Western Chu from three directions. The Chu army was running low on supplies and Xiang Yu was trapped in Gaixia (垓下 southeast of present-day Lingbi County, Suzhou, Anhui). Han Xin ordered his troops to sing Chu folk songs to create a false impression that Chu had fallen to Han forces. The Chu army's morale plummeted and many soldiers deserted.

Xiang Yu attempted to break out the siege and was left with only 28 men when he reached the northern bank of the Wu River (near present-day He County, Chaohu City, Anhui). He made a last stand and managed to slay several Han soldiers before eventually committing suicide.


Han Xin

Han Xin served in the Chinese military during the Han Dynasty, climbing the ladder as a low-level guard before being promoted to the rank of senior general in merely a few years. Lord Liu Bang recognized Xin&rsquos military prowess and predicted that the man had the potential to become a vital asset. This eventually proved to be true, as Xin&rsquos decisiveness and strategic thinking helped paved the way for Bang to be able to establish himself as one of three rebel leaders who competed to gain military superiority in the region. Under the charge of Liu Bang, Han Xin played a critical role in forcing the end of a five-year war between the Chu and Han armies.

During this conflict, Xin waged battles with Chu armies much larger than his own, using tactics that involved psychological warfare, as well as surprise attacks and strategic positioning to gain the upper hand in conflicts. A primary display of Xin&rsquos combat effectiveness can be found through the Battle of Jingxing, during which Xin positioned approximately 30,000 of his men with their backs against a river (blocking any potential for a surprise attack), ensuring that they would fight at the peak of their ability when facing off against an estimated 200,000 enemy soldiers. Concurrently, he sent a small number of soldiers on horseback to capture the enemy camp and replace their flags, so that as the opposing army faced defeat on the battlefield, the shocking discovery that they had no base to retreat to would cause their army to collapse, allowing Xin to capitalize on their confusion and secure a tactical victory. Despite his military expertise, Han Xin was executed in 196 BCE under accusations of conspiracy against the state after being caught housing a Chu refugee in his home.


Initial stages

Rebellions in Qi and Zhao

In 206 BC Liu Bang was appointed King of Han by Xiang Yu and given the land of Bashu (in present-day Sichuan) as his domain. Liu Bang had about 30,000 troops under his command then and several thousand civilians with him. After reaching his destination, Liu Bang ordered the gallery roads leading into Bashu to be destroyed as a precautionary move against any possible attack from the rear and to trick Xiang Yu that he had no intention of leaving Bashu.

Meanwhile, in the former Qi state, Tian Rong (Qi's chancellor) was unhappy with Xiang Yu's allocation of Qi territories, and rose in rebellion against the vassal kings of Jiaodong, Qi and Jibei (collectively known as the Three Qis). Tian Rong conquered the Three Qis and reinstated Tian Fu as the King of Qi, but took over the throne himself later. Tian Rong put Peng Yue in charge of his army and ordered Peng to attack Western Chu. Tian Rong also sent troops to support another rebellion in the former Zhao state, led by Chen Yu, a former Zhao vice chancellor. In 205 BC, Chen Yu overthrew Zhang Er, the King of Changshan, and seized Zhang's domain and reinstalled Zhao Xie (King of Dai) on the throne of Zhao. Xiang Yu felt threatened by the rebellions in Qi and Zhao and led an army to attack Tian Rong.

Han conquest of Three Qins

While Xiang Yu was away to suppress the rebellions, Liu Bang used the opportunity to attack the Three Qins in Guanzhong. Liu Bang's general Han Xin ordered his men to pretend to repair the gallery roads in order to put Zhang Han (King of Yong) off guard, while secretly making advances through Chencang. Zhang Han was taken by surprise and defeated by the Han forces in two consecutive battles. Taking advantage of the victory, Liu Bang proceeded to conquer Longxi, Beidi and Shangjun. Liu Bang also sent his men to fetch his family in Pei (in present-day Xuzhou). Upon hearing news of Liu Bang's attacks, Xiang Yu sent an army to Yangxia to intercept the Han army, and appointed Zheng Chang as King of Hán to help him cover his flank. In Yan, Zang Tu killed Han Guang (King of Liaodong) and seized Han's lands and proclaimed himself ruler of the unified Yan state.

Battle of Pengcheng

In 205 BC, after establishing his base in Guanzhong, Liu Bang advanced his forces east of Hangu Pass to conquer the Henan region. Sima Xin (King of Sai), Dong Yi (King of Di) and Shen Yang (King of Henan) surrendered to Liu Bang. Zheng Chang (King of Hán) refused to submit to Liu Bang and was defeated by Liu's general Han Xin in battle, and replaced by Hán Xin. Zhang Er (former King of Changshan) came to join Liu Bang after losing his domain to Zhao Xie and Chen Yu. In the third month, Liu Bang attacked Henei with help from Wei Bao (King of Western Wei). When Liu Bang received news that Emperor Yi of Chu had been murdered on Xiang Yu's orders, he held a memorial service for the emperor, accusing Xiang of committing regicide, and using that incident as political propaganda to justify his war against Western Chu.

In the fourth month of 205 BC, Xiang Yu defeated Tian Rong at Chengyang and the latter was killed during his retreat to Pingyuan. Although the Qi kingdom surrendered to Western Chu, Xiang Yu did not appease the people and instead allowed his troops to loot and plunder Qi territories. Tian Rong's younger brother Tian Heng installed Tian Guang (Tian Rong's son) on the Qi throne, and continued to lead resistance against Chu. Meanwhile, Liu Bang had mustered an army of about 560,000 men with support from the surrendered vassal kings. In the eighth month, Chu's capital Pengcheng (present-day Xuzhou) fell to the coalition force led by Liu Bang. When Xiang Yu received news that Liu Bang had occupied Pengcheng, he led 30,000 troops back to retake Pengcheng. Liu Bang was caught off guard and his army suffered heavy casualties and his family was captured by Chu forces. After the battle, Han lost its territorial gains in Chu and most of the kings who surrendered to Han earlier defected to Chu.

Battle of Jingsuo

After their defeat at Pengcheng, the strength of the Han forces decreased drastically. Liu Bang's family was captured by Western Chu forces and kept as hostages, and many of the vassal kings who surrendered to Liu Bang earlier defected to Xiang Yu's side. Besides, the Qi and Zhao kingdoms also requested to make peace with Chu.

Upon reaching Xiayi (present-day Xiayi County, Henan), which was defended by his brother-in-law, Liu Bang reorganised his troops for a retreat. When he arrived at Yu (present-day Yucheng County, Henan), Liu Bang sent an envoy to meet Ying Bu, the King of Jiujiang. Ying Bu agreed to join Liu Bang's side and rebelled against Western Chu. Xiang Yu sent Long Ju to lead an army to attack Ying Bu.

In the sixth month of 205 BC, Liu Bang named his son Liu Ying (future Emperor Hui of Han) as crown prince, and ordered him to defend Liyang (present-day Yanliang District, Shaanxi). Shortly after, Han forces conquered Feiqiu (present-day Xingping, Shaanxi), which was guarded by Zhang Han, and Zhang committed suicide.

On another front, Ying Bu was unable to defeat Long Ju and decided to give up, and he went to meet Liu Bang with Sui He. Liu Bang reorganised his army, which now included reinforcements from Guanzhong (sent by Xiao He) and Han Xin's troops. Liu Bang's forces attacked Western Chu at Jing County (near present-day Luoyang) and Suoting (near present-day Xingyang) and scored a victory, driving Xiang Yu's forces east of Xingyang.


Battle of Jingzing, 205 BC - History


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