The conquest of Gaul by Caesar in 51 BC. What about the Gallic elites, however? Did the notables also succeed in integrating with the imperial elites? What are their relations with Rome and the emperor? Sources Evoking the Gallo-Roman elites poses a problem of sources, because they are few in number.
Who says d'Artagnan, think of the King's Musketeers and the famous phrase "one for all, all for one". Initially, Alexandre Dumas immortalized the Three Musketeers in his swashbuckling novel. Then there is d'Artagnan, the last Gascon who becomes the noble and chivalrous hero. Ultimately it is a friendship between these men endowed with loyalty and courage.
As the year 1000 approached, the year 2000 was a source of turmoil and various questions. The period from 1850 to 1950 was particularly conducive to "Dreams of futures" after the Industrial Revolution, as Nicolas Cartelet shows us in his recent book "When our grandparents imagined the year 2000".
Covering the entire north side of the eponymous square, the Winter Palace displays its green facade clad in gilding, statues and white colonnades. The gigantic edifice is on the scale of its city and its country, and it takes a good quarter of an hour of sustained walking to completely circle it, the palace also overlooking the Neva.
Today more and more historians are interested in this medium, this was seen recently with Fayard who released a collection on the great men of history (Napoleon, Gengis Khan. ..), more and more publishers are dealing with history and more and more historians are writing scripts for comics.
1066 remains a mythical date which concludes a fantastic military outfit for William the Bastard, who became William the Conqueror after his victory at Hastings. His epic has been transmitted to us largely through the famous Bayeux tapestry which still remains today an exceptional testimony of this remote era.
This first name was made famous in literature in two works: Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare, and Justine or the misfortunes of virtue, by the Marquis de Sade. These two heroines are very different: the first represents the unhappy passion, the second, the perversity in front of Juistine the ingenuous.
For what reason did Pharaoh raze the fortress of El Koumma? What is the real origin of the Grail myth? Why did the Pope exterminate the Cathars? What was the reason for Nostradamus' trip to Italy? What was the cause of the defeat of the Invincible Armada? What was Bonaparte's real goal during the Egyptian campaign?
Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France, liked to have her hair trimmed and styled, with taste but extravagance. This is the case with his hairstyles and especially the "pouf" created by his famous hairdresser Léonard. More precisely Léonard-Alexis, who is this young Ariègeois, left his province, to make himself known in Versailles and to become the fetish hairdresser of all these ladies of the Court.
Certain animals have, voluntarily or most often without their knowledge, played an original and astonishing role in the history of our country. Dusting the archives, the author Pascal Assemat has gathered in his work stories little known to the general public. They take us with delight on the backs of endearing companions, extraordinary animals.
Pyrrhus I of Epirus (or Pyrrhos in Greek) is one of the greatest generals of antiquity. His posterity is great: from his victories was born the expression "to have a Pyrrhic victory". According to Appian, Hannibal, during a discussion with Scipio, allegedly said that Pyrrhus was for him the second greatest commander due to his daring, and that one could not find two kings who were more daring than him. .
The "mirror to the princes", if we stick to the definition proposed by the historian Einar Már Jónsson, is a literary genre, correlated with the political treatise, which appeared within the Carolingian world during the 9th century. century, and which emerged in German historiography at the start of the 20th century, first with Albert Werminghoff, then with Ernst Booz.
On May 10, 2001, the Taubira law, recognizing trafficking and slavery as crimes against humanity, was definitively adopted by the French Parliament. However, it was not until four years later that she became famous, following the Pétré-Grenouilleau affair, and more generally to the controversies over "the laws of memory".
The Song Dynasty begins in 960 CE, and follows decades of political chaos. After the fall of the previous Tang dynasty in 907 as a result of a coup, a period of instability set in, known as the Five Dynasties in North China period, and period of the Ten Kingdoms in South China.
Higgins is not out of the woods. Behind G.T. Anderson, it's the McLaws division that arrives at full speed. Its four brigades are deployed in two lines: Christopher Sanders on the right, William Barksdale on the left, Joseph Kershaw and Paul Semmes, respectively, behind them. This time, McLaws enlists Hood's help in guiding him to the desired position.
Lucien Bély, in his recent work “The secrets of Louis XIV” does not limit himself to a list of secrets. With the help of a few specific examples, he gives us a good understanding of the concealment process, the king's resolution to complete a secret affair and the thought process, because at all times, every prince or king has used concealment and the secret to preserving his kingdom.
All our kings have built, embellished, enlarged and modified many castles. And each king had his favorite castle, his refuge like Louis XIV and Marly. For Louis XV it was the castle of Saint-Hubert. Construction of the castle of Saint-Hubert Louis XV had it built on the edge of the forest of Rambouillet and for two reasons: as a great hunter, he needed a forest nearby; his request to purchase the Château de Rambouillet belonging to the Duke of Penthièvre was refused.
No more than on secession, there was no unanimity on what to do once it was over. Among the southern political class, the question now was whether the newly independent states would remain so, or whether they would themselves come together into a new sovereign entity.
Even though the road signs are as old as the roads (the Romans had previously erected stone pillar markers along them in order to indicate distances to Rome), the establishment of a real signaling system does not begin until the end of the 19th century.
In this period of commemoration, a work is very interesting. Gildard Guillaume offers us in "Women of the Arc - Mme Roland and Joséphine" a parallel between the construction of the Arc de Triomphe and the lives of two women represented on this monument, from birth to the inauguration of the monument, going through the ups and downs of everyone's life, but above all by emphasizing the choice of these two ladies.
On June 29, 2014, Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri proclaimed, from the top of the minbar of the Al Nouri Mosque in Mosul, the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate. He does so under the fabricated identity of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Husseini al-Qurashi fictitiously claiming filiation with the al-Qurashi clan, that of the Prophet and misappropriating the first name of Abu Bakr As Siddîq (573 -634) the first Caliph Rashidun (well guided).